Middle Eastern Religions

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Middle Eastern religions originated in the Middle East; namely Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam) and Iranic religions. Smaller minority religions, such as the Bahá’í Faith, Druze, Nusairism, Manichaeism, Sabianism, Bábism, Yazidism, Mandaeism, Gnosticism, Yarsanism, Samaritanism, Shabakism, Ishikism, Ali-Illahism, Alevism, Yazdânism and Zoroastrianism are also present in the Middle East.

Summary of Middle Eastern Religions




Common Articles



Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion centered on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. The Christian faith is essentially faith in Jesus as the Christ (or Messiah), the Son of God, the Savior, and, according to Trinitarianism, God the Son, part of the Trinity with God the Father and the Holy Spirit.

Christian Theology

History of Christianity

Faith in Christianity

Faith in Christianity

God in Christianity

Christian Views of Sin

Salvation in Christianity

Repentance in Christianity

Christian Angelology

Christian Demonology

Christian Eschatology

Prophets of Christianity

Death and afterlife

Christianity and Science

Wisdom in Christianity

Christian Practices

Christian Spirituality

Fasting in Christianity

Celebrated days

Prayer in Christianity

Christian Worship

Christianity and Social Issues

Christianity and Society

Christian Culture

Christianity and Other Religions

Christianity’s Religious Texts

Christianity’s Religious Texts combine the Jewish Old Testament with the New Testament to form the Christian Bible, which followers refer to as the Holy Scriptures. There are many noncanonical texts in the Christian religion as well.

Main articles

The Bible Articles

Old Testament Articles

Doctrines and laws

New Testament Articles

Mormonism’s Sacred Texts

Branches of Christianity


History of the Catholic Church

Catholic Philosophy

Faith in Catholicism

Catholic belief
God in Catholicism
Paschal Mystery
Catholic Theology
Blessed Virgin Mary

Worship in Catholic Church

Catholic liturgy

Catholic Particular Churches And Liturgical Rites

Catholic Spirituality

Sacraments of the Catholic Church

Prayer In The Catholic Church

Hierarchy of The Catholic Church

Catholic Schools

Catholicism and Other Religions

More on Catholicism

Eastern Christianity

Eastern denominational families

Spirituality in Eastern Christianity


Protestant denominational families




Continuing Anglican movement






Black Church

Other Protestant Families


Traditional Christian groups

Modern Christian groups


What Is the Trinity?

Son of God

God the Holy Spirit

Jesus Christ

Mary, Mother of Jesus

Who is Mary, Mother of Jesus?

Perspectives on Mary


Marian dogmas

The Torah Scroll

The Torah Scroll


Judaism (יהודה, Yehudah, “Judah”) is the religion of the Jewish people. It is an ancient, monotheistic, Abrahamic religion with the Torah as its foundational text. It encompasses the religion, philosophy, and culture of the Jewish people.

Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenant that God established with the Children of Israel. Judaism encompasses a wide corpus of texts, practices, theological positions, and forms of organization. The Torah is part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or the Hebrew Bible, and supplemental oral tradition is represented by later texts such as the Midrash and the Talmud. With between 14.5 and 17.4 million adherents worldwide, Judaism is the tenth largest religion in the world.

Main articles

Jewish History

Jewish Principles of Faith

God in Judaism

Prophets in Judaism

Wisdom in Judaism


Judaism practices

Jewish Law (Halakha)

Dietary laws and customs

Jewish Mysticism

Apostasy in Judaism

Jewish prayers

Judaism’s Religious Books

Written Torah

Oral Torah

Rabbinic literature

Jewish Liturgy

Articles on Jewish Religious Books

Branches and denominations

Development of Rabbinic Judaism

Origins of Rabbinic Judaism
Origins of Christianity
Split of early Christianity and Judaism

Historical Judaism

The Star of David (or Magen David), is a generally recognized symbol of modern Jewish identity and Judaism.

The Star of David

Rabbinic Judaism

New Religious Movement

Jewish Culture

Interactions with other religions

Al Hakim Mosque, Islamic Cairo.

Al Hakim Mosque, Islamic Cairo.


Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah) and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. It is the world’s second-largest religion with over 1.8 billion followers or 24% of the world’s population, most commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, and unique and has guided humankind through prophets, revealed scriptures, and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (c. 570 – 8 June 632 CE).

Belief in Islam

Faith (iman) breaks down into six axioms (Six articles of faith) Belief in:

  1. The existence and unicity of God (Allah).
  2. The existence of Angels.
  3. The existence of the books of which God is the author
  4. The existence of Prophets.
  5. The existence of Judgment Day.
  6. The existence of God’s predestination, whether it involves good or bad.

Beliefs and practices of Shia

Islamic Concept of God

Angels in Islam

Types of angels

Beings and Forces in Islam

Islamic Sacred Texts

The Holy Quran (read more)

What is Hadith?

Prophethood and Messengerhood in Islam



Mary, Mother of Jesus

The Judgment Day

What is the Afterlife?

Islamic eschatology

Resurrection and Judgment

Death and the Human Spirit


The Spirit


Predestination, Destiny, Free will, and Divine will

Islamic Practice

Worship and prayers

Etiquette and diet


Hajj (Pilgrimage)


Sin and Repentance in Islam

Islamic Spirituality

Wisdom in Islam

Islamic Law

Character in Islam


Criticism of Islam

Islam and other religions

Islamic Society

Islam and Family life

Women in Islam

Education in Islam

Islamic Holidays

 Government and politics

Social responsibilities

Islamic Culture

History of Islam

Muhammad’s revelation (610–632)

Caliphate and civil strife (632–750)

Caliphate and civil strife (632–750)

History Of Shia Islam

Ahl al-Kisa

Classical era (750–1258)

Pre-Modern era

Postmodern times (20th century–present)

Islamic Schools and branches


Islamic Philosophy and Theology

Islamic Philosophy

Islamic Theology

Muslim philosophers