- Eid al-Fitr (عيد الفطر), celebrated on the first day of the Islamic month of Shawwal after the fasting in the holy month of Ramadan.
- Eid al-Adha (عيد الأضحى), celebrated on the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah after the Day of Arafah, the main day of the Hajj pilgrimage season.
|Arab World||Arabic||صلاة العيد (Ṣalāh al-‘Eid)|
|Pakistan||Urdu||نماز عيد (Eid namaaz)|
|Turkey, Azerbaijan||Turkish, Azeri||Bayram namazı|
|Bangladesh||Bengali||ঈদের নামাজ (Eider namaz)|
|Indonesia||Indonesian, Javanese||Salat Id|
|Malaysia||Bahasa Melayu||Solat Sunat Hari Raya|
|Iraqi Kurdistan||Kurdish Sorani||نوێژی جێژن|
|Tamil Nadu||Tamil||பெருநாள் தொழுகை|
Different scholars interpret the importance of this salat (prayer) differently. Salat al-Eid is Wajib (necessary/mandatory) according to Hanafi scholars, Sunnah al-Mu’kkadah according to Maliki and Shaf’i jurisprudence, and Fard according to Hanbali scholars. Some scholars say it is fard al-ayn and some say it is fard al-kifaya.
The time of Salat al-Eid begins when the sun reaches approximately two meters above the horizon until it reaches its meridian before Zuhr. Adhering to the Sunnah, the time for Eid al-Fitr prayer is delayed and Eid al-Adha prayer is hastened, so as to facilitate distribution of Fitrah before the Eid al-Fitr prayer and offer sacrifice after the Eid al-Adha prayer. This has been a proved Sunnah and has been well recorded in Hadith books.
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