Muhammad in The Bible
Almost all the previous Prophets predicted the Messenger Muhammad. We can find indications to his coming in the Torah, Psalms and the Gospels.
A Prophet from among the brothers of the Israelites who resembles Moses
For example, the following verses of the Torah promise the coming of the Messenger Muhammad:
The Lord said to me [Moses]: ‘What they say is good. I will raise up for them a Prophet like you among their brothers; I will put My words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him. If anyone does not listen to My words that the Prophet speaks in My Name, I will Myself call him to account(Deuteronomy, 18:17-9).’
It is clear from these verses that what is meant by ‘a Prophet like you among their brothers’ is a Prophet who will come from the line of Ishmael, since Ishmael is the brother of Isaac, who is the forefather of Moses’ people, the Children of Israel. The only Prophet who came from the line of Ishmael after Moses and resembled him in many ways, for example, in the bringing of a new law and waging of war on his enemies, is the Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings. Also, the following verse of the Bible in Deuteronomy, 34.12 (Istanbul 1885), and clearly states that no Prophet like Moses did ever appear among the Israelites:
With respect to his virtues and awesome deeds, no Prophet like Moses, whom the Lord knows face to face, no longer appeared among Israel.
The Quran points to the same fact:
“We have sent to you a Messenger as a witness over you, even as We sent to Pharaoh a Messenger (73:15).”
The sentence, I will put My words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him, in the verse in question, means that the promised Prophet will be unlettered and speak whatever is revealed to him. God reiterates the same fact in the Quran:
“He does not speak out of [his own] desire. It is but a Revelation revealed (53:3-4).”
The Prophet who shone forth from Mount Paran
The following verse,
“The Lord came from Sinai and dawned over them from Seir; He shone forth from Mount Paran (Deuteromony, 33:2).”
refers to the Prophethood of Moses, Jesus and Muhammad respectively. Sinai is the place where the Prophet Moses spoke to God and received the Torah. Seir, a place in Palestine, is where the Prophet Jesus received Divine Revelation. Paran is where God manifested Himself to mankind for the last time through His Revelation to the Prophet Muhammad.
Paran is a mountain range in Mecca. It is mentioned in the Torah (Genesis, 21:19-21) as the area in the desert where Hagar was left by her husband Abraham to live with her son, Ishmael. The well of Zamzam appeared in it. As is stated explicitly in the Quran (14:35. 7), Abraham left Hagar and Ishmael in the valley of Mecca, which was then an uninhabited place within the mountain ranges of Paran.
The verse in Deuteronomy, according to the Arabic version published in London in 1944 and the Ottoman Turkish version published in Istanbul in 1885), continues:
“He came with myriads of holy ones; in his right hand appeared to them the fire of the Laws.”
This verse refers to the promised Prophet, Muhammad, who would have numerous Companions of the highest degree of sainthood. The fire of the Laws alludes to the fact that the promised Prophet would be allowed, and even ordered, to fight against his enemies.
The Capstone in the Gospel of Matthew
“Have you never read in the Scriptures: ‘the stone the builders rejected has become the capstone; the Lord has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes? Therefore I tell you that the kingdom of God will be taken away from you and given to a people who will produce its fruit. He who falls on this stone will be broken to pieces, but he on whom it falls will be crushed’ (Matthew, 21:42-4).”
The ‘capstone’ mentioned in the verses couldn’t be the Prophet Jesus for the verses refer to the crushing victories that the followers of the ‘capstone’ will win against their enemies. No people were ever broken to pieces or crushed because they resisted Christianity. Christianity gained ground against the Roman Empire only after it had lost its original identity and been reconciled with Roman paganism. The Western dominion over the world came after scientific thought’s triumph over a corrupted Christian view of nature and was realized in the form of a ruthless colonialism. Islam, which is on the rise as both a pure, authentic religion and as a way of life, and which is the hope of salvation for humanity. More than that, the Prophet Jesus himself alludes to this fact by stating explicitly that the kingdom of God will be taken away from his followers and given to a people who will produce its fruit.
Second, in a telling detail recorded in a Saying in the Sahih of al-Bukhari and that of Muslim, the Prophet Muhammad describes himself as the ‘capstone’ completing the building of Prophethood.
Paraklit, the Spirit of Truth
In the Gospel of John, Jesus promises the advent of the Last Prophet using a variety of names:
“But I tell you the truth: It is for your good that I am going away. Unless I go away, the Paraklit will not come to you; but if I go, I will send him to you. When he comes, he will convict the world of guilt in regard to sin and righteousness and judgment (16:7-8).”
In these verses, the Prophet Muhammad is referred to as Paraklit. Paraklit is a Greek word meaning the Distinguisher between Truth and Falsehood. Although Christian interpreters have given this word different meanings such as Counselor (Gideon’s International) or Helper (American Bible Society) or Comforter (the Company of the Holy Bible), and claimed that it refers to the Holy Spirit, it is impossible even for Christians to establish whether the Holy Spirit has come down after Jesus and done what Jesus foretold he would do.
If, according to Christians, the Holy Spirit is the Archangel Gabriel, he came many times to the Prophet Muhammad to bring Divine Revelations. Further, Jesus mentioned and predicted Paraklit with other different names, but always with the same function, as is seen in the following verses:
“When Paraklit comes ‘the Spirit of Truth’ who comes from the Father, he will testify about me (John, 15:26).”
“I have much more to say to you, more than you can now bear. But when he, the Spirit of Truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth. He will not speak on his own; he will speak only what he hears, and he will tell you what is yet to come. He will bring glory to me by taking what is mine and making it known to you (John, 16:12-4).”
These are only a few of the allusions the Bible makes to the Prophet Muhammad.