List of Islamic Texts

The Quran and the Hadith are the two major texts of Islam. These books teach and illustrate Islamic beliefs, values, and practices. They are also important historical documents (especially the Quran), which tell the story of the origins of the Islamic faith. The Hadith, of lesser importance than the Quran, means “narrative” or “report,” and collects the sayings and deeds of Muhammad and his followers.

Qur’an

The Qur’an is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God and the final divine revelation. It is regarded widely as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language. Muslims believe that the Qur’an was verbally revealed through the angel Jibrīl (Gabriel) from God to Muhammad over a period of approximately twenty-three years beginning in 610 AD. Furthermore, Muslims believe that the Quran was precisely memorized, recited and exactly written down by Muhammad’s companions, the Sahabah.

The text of the Qur’an consists of 114 chapters of varying lengths, each known as a Surah. Each surah is formed from several verses, called ayahs.

Tafsir (‘interpretation’) is the Arabic word for exegesis, usually of the Qur’an. An author of a tafsir is a mufassir (plural, mufassirūn). A Qur’anic tafsir attempts to provide elucidation, explanation, interpretation, context or commentary for clear understanding and conviction of God’s will.

Reasons of revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl)
Quran Book Holy Muslim Islamic Islam Religion

Islam’s Holy Book: The Quran

Main articles

Calligraphy Prayer Wishes Religion Allah Muslim

Bismillahirrahmanirrahim

The Holy Quran

What is Quran?

Historicity of The Quran

Glossary of The Quran

Articles on The Quran

The Quran and Modern Science

FAQ about The Quran

Traditions of Muhammad Called Hadith

The books of Hadith.
Traditions of Muhammad Called Hadith

Sunna

Main article: Sunnah

Sunna denotes the practice of Islamic prophet Muhammad that he taught and practically instituted as a teacher of the sharī‘ah and the best exemplar. The sources of sunna are usually oral traditions found in collections of Hadith and Sīra (prophetic biography). Unlike the Qur’an, Muslims do not agree on the same set of texts or sources of Sunnah, and they emphasize different collections of hadith based on to which Islamic school or branch they belong.

Hadith (Traditions of the prophet)

Main article: Hadith

Hadīth are sayings, act or tacit approval, validly or invalidly, ascribed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.

Prophetic biography (Sīra)

In Islam, Al-sīra al-Nabawiyya (Prophetic biography), Sīrat Rasūl Allāh (Life of the Messenger of God), or just Al-sīra are the traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad from which, in addition to the Quran and trustable Hadiths, most historical information about his life and the early period of Islam is derived.

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi ("the Prophet's mosque") in Medina, Saudi Arabia, with the Green Dome built over Muhammad's tomb in the center

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (“the Prophet’s mosque”) in Medina, Saudi Arabia, with the Green Dome built over Muhammad’s tomb in the center

hadith collections

Sunni Islam

Other hadith Collections

Shia Islam
  • Books on biography of Prophet Muhammad. There are thousands of biographies written, though unlike the Hadith collections, they are usually not accepted as canonical religious texts. Some of the more authentic and famous of them are:
  • Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya.
  • The Making of the last prophet by Ibn Ishaq
  • The Life of Prophet Muhammad by Ibn Ishaq
  • Sira Manzuma.
  • al-Mawahib al-Ladunniya.
  • al-Zurqani ‘ala al-Mawahib.
  • Sirah al-Halabiyya.
  • I`lam al-Nubuwwa.
  • Madarij al-Nubuwwa.
  • Shawahid al-Nubuwwa.
  • Nur al-Safir.
  • Sharh al-Mawahib al-laduniyya.
  • al-Durar fi ikhtisar al-maghazi was-siyar.
  • Ashraf al-wasa’il ila faham al-Shama’il.
  • Ghayat al-sul fi Khasa’is al-Rasul.
  • Ithbat al-Nubuwwa.
  • Nihaya al-Sul fi Khasa’is al-Rasul.
  • Al Khasais-ul-Kubra, al-Khasa’is al-Sughra and Shama’il al-Sharifa.
  • al-Durra al-Mudiyya.
Ibadi
Alawites
Mevlevi Order
Alevism
Baháʼí Faith

Notes

Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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