List of Islamic Texts
The Quran and the Hadith are the two major texts of Islam. These books teach and illustrate Islamic beliefs, values, and practices. They are also important historical documents (especially the Quran), which tell the story of the origins of the Islamic faith. The Hadith, of lesser importance than the Quran, means “narrative” or “report,” and collects the sayings and deeds of Muhammad and his followers.
The Qur’an is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God and the final divine revelation. It is regarded widely as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language. Muslims believe that the Qur’an was verbally revealed through the angel Jibrīl (Gabriel) from God to Muhammad over a period of approximately twenty-three years beginning in 610 AD. Furthermore, Muslims believe that the Quran was precisely memorized, recited and exactly written down by Muhammad’s companions, the Sahabah.
Tafsir (‘interpretation’) is the Arabic word for exegesis, usually of the Qur’an. An author of a tafsir is a mufassir (plural, mufassirūn). A Qur’anic tafsir attempts to provide elucidation, explanation, interpretation, context or commentary for clear understanding and conviction of God’s will.
- Reasons of revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl)
Main article: Sunnah
Sunna denotes the practice of Islamic prophet Muhammad that he taught and practically instituted as a teacher of the sharī‘ah and the best exemplar. The sources of sunna are usually oral traditions found in collections of Hadith and Sīra (prophetic biography). Unlike the Qur’an, Muslims do not agree on the same set of texts or sources of Sunnah, and they emphasize different collections of hadith based on to which Islamic school or branch they belong.
- The Sunnah of Muhammad
- Establishing The Sunnah
- Women in the Quran and the Sunna
- Tolerance and Dialogue in The Qur’an and The Sunnah
- The Sunnah And Its Place In Islamic Legislation
- Practices In The Torah Compatible With The Sunnah Of The Prophet Muhammad
Hadith (Traditions of the prophet)
Main article: Hadith
Hadīth are sayings, act or tacit approval, validly or invalidly, ascribed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad.
- History of Hadith
- Hadith terminology
- Categories of hadith
- Hadith studies
- Criticism of Hadith
- Biographical evaluation
- The Wisdom in Islam: in Muhammad’s Words
- List of hadith collections
- List of hadith authors and commentators
Prophetic biography (Sīra)
In Islam, Al-sīra al-Nabawiyya (Prophetic biography), Sīrat Rasūl Allāh (Life of the Messenger of God), or just Al-sīra are the traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad from which, in addition to the Quran and trustable Hadiths, most historical information about his life and the early period of Islam is derived.
- Seerah (Prophetic biography)
- Biographical Evaluation of Hadith Narrators
- List of Biographies of Muhammad
- List of Sunni Books
- Sunni Hadith Collections
- – Kutub al-Sittah
- Sahih Bukhari
- Sahih Muslim
- Sunan Abu Dawood
- Jami al-Tirmidhi
- Sunan an-Nasa’i
- Sunan ibn Majah
- Muwatta Malik
Other hadith Collections
- The Book of Al-Fitan by Sahih Bukhari
- Kitab Al-Fitan wa Ashrat As-Sa’ah by Sahih Muslim
- Kitab Al-Fitan Wa Al-Malahim by Sunan Abu Dawud
- Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal
- Sunan al-Kubra
- The Meadows of the Righteous (Riyadh al-saliheen)
- Bulugh al-Maram
- Musannaf of Abd al-Razzaq
- Sunan al-Daraqutni
- Sahih Ibn Hibban
- Sunan al-Darimi
- Musnad al-Shafi’i
- Musnad Abu Hanifa
- Sahih ibn Khuzaima
- Musnad Tayalisi
- Musnad al-Bazzar
- Musnad Abi Ya’la
- Musnad Rahwayh
- Musnad ibn Humayd
- Musnad al-Firdous
- Tahdhib al-Athar
- Al-Mu’jam al-Awsat
- Al-Mu’jam as-Saghir
- Majma al-Zawa’id
- Kanz al-Ummal
- Shuab ul Iman
- Sharh Ma’anir Athar
- Sharh Mushkīlil Athar
- Silsilah Sahiha
- Mishkat al-Masabih
- Al-Adab al-Mufrad
- Sahih Hadith Kudsi
- Shama’il Muhammadiyah
- At-Targhib wat-Tarhib
- Hadith books (The Four Books): Kitab al-Kafi, Man La Yahduruhu al-Faqih Tahdhib al-Ahkam, Al-Istibsar.
- Other Hadith books (discourses of Prophet Muhammad and his household), like Bihar al-Anwar, Awalim al-Ulum; and Tafsirs, such as Tafsir al-Burhan
- Prayer books and Ziyarat such as Mafateh al Jinan and Kamel al Ziyarat.
- Books on biography of Prophet Muhammad. There are thousands of biographies written, though unlike the Hadith collections, they are usually not accepted as canonical religious texts. Some of the more authentic and famous of them are:
- Al-Sira Al-Nabawiyya.
- The Making of the last prophet by Ibn Ishaq
- The Life of Prophet Muhammad by Ibn Ishaq
- Sira Manzuma.
- al-Mawahib al-Ladunniya.
- al-Zurqani ‘ala al-Mawahib.
- Sirah al-Halabiyya.
- I`lam al-Nubuwwa.
- Madarij al-Nubuwwa.
- Shawahid al-Nubuwwa.
- Nur al-Safir.
- Sharh al-Mawahib al-laduniyya.
- al-Durar fi ikhtisar al-maghazi was-siyar.
- Ashraf al-wasa’il ila faham al-Shama’il.
- Ghayat al-sul fi Khasa’is al-Rasul.
- Ithbat al-Nubuwwa.
- Nihaya al-Sul fi Khasa’is al-Rasul.
- Al Khasais-ul-Kubra, al-Khasa’is al-Sughra and Shama’il al-Sharifa.
- al-Durra al-Mudiyya.
- Kitab al Majmu
- Other 114 canonical scriptures such as (Kitab ul Asus by an ancient prophet) and the other 113 scriptures were authored by imam Ali, imam Ja’far al-Sadiq, the 11th Bab Ibn Nusayr and the medieval sages of the sect such as Al-Khasibi.
- Alan Jones, The Koran, London 1994, ISBN978-1-84212-609-7, opening page.
- Arthur Arberry, The Koran Interpreted, London 1956, ISBN978-0-684-82507-6, p. x.
- Islahi, Amin Ahsan (1989 (tr:2009)). “Difference between Hadith and Sunnah”. Mabadi Tadabbur i Hadith (translated as: Fundamentals of Hadith Intrepretation) (in Urdu). Lahore: Al-Mawrid. Retrieved 1 June 2011.
Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia