What is Judaism?

Judaism (יהודה, Yehudah, “Judah”) is the religion of the Jewish people. It is an ancient, monotheistic, Abrahamic religion with the Torah as its foundational text. It encompasses the religion, philosophy, and culture of the Jewish people.

Judaism is considered by religious Jews to be the expression of the covenant that God established with the Children of Israel. Judaism encompasses a wide corpus of texts, practices, theological positions, and forms of organization. The Torah is part of the larger text known as the Tanakh or the Hebrew Bible, and supplemental oral tradition represented by later texts such as the Midrash and the Talmud. With between 14.5 and 17.4 million adherents worldwide, Judaism is the tenth largest religion in the world.

The following articles in our Judaism category is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Judaism:

Main articles: Outline of Judaism

Hanukkah Spend Lights Advent Mood Candles

Hanukkah lights

Beliefs and philosophy

Judaism practices

Jewish Liturgy

Law

Apostasy

Dietary laws and customs

Mysticism and the esoteric

God

God in Judaism

Prophets in Judaism

The Wall is the holiest place where Jews are permitted to pray.

The Wall is the holiest place where Jews are permitted to pray.

Jewish prayers

Messianic Judaism

Messianic symbol

Jewish history

Monarchic period

  • King David – the third king of the United Kingdom of Israel
  • King Solomon – the final king before the northern Kingdom of Israel and the southern Kingdom of Judah

Return from captivity

Second Temple period

Branches and denominations

Jewish Ethnic Divisions
Jewish Religious Movements

Development of Rabbinic Judaism

Origins of Rabbinic Judaism,
Origins of Christianity,
Split of early Christianity and Judaism

Historical Judaism

Rabbinic Judaism

Oral Torah development

Oral Torah development

Judaism’s Sacred texts

Written Torah

Oral Torah

Rabbinic literature

Rabbinic literature

The Midrash

Midrash

Later works by category

Major codes of Jewish law

Halakha

Jewish thought, mysticism and ethics

Liturgy

Articles on Judaism’s Religious Books

Learning the wisdom of the Torah

Learning the wisdom of the Torah

Photographic reproduction of the Great Isaiah Scroll, the best preserved of the biblical scrolls found at Qumran. It contains the entire Book of Isaiah in Hebrew, apart from some small damaged parts. This manuscript was probably written by a scribe of the Jewish sect of the Essenes around the second century BC. It is therefore over a thousand years older than the oldest Masoretic manuscripts.

Photographic reproduction of the Great Isaiah Scroll, the best preserved of the biblical scrolls found at Qumran. It contains the entire Book of Isaiah in Hebrew, apart from some small damaged parts. This manuscript was probably written by a scribe of the Jewish sect of the Essenes around the second century BC. It is therefore over a thousand years older than the oldest Masoretic manuscripts.

Jewish Culture and traditions

Interactions with other religions

Wisdom in Judaism

References

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