Religion And Science

Science and religion are complex social and cultural endeavors that vary across cultures and have changed over time. Most scientific and technical innovations prior to the scientific revolution were achieved by societies organized by religious traditions.

Various aspects of the relationship between religion and science have been cited by modern historians of science and religion, philosophers, theologians, scientists, and others from various geographical regions and cultures. Even though the ancient and medieval worlds did not have conceptions resembling the modern understandings of “science” and “religion“, certain elements of these modern ideas are found throughout history. It was in the 19th century when the phrases “religion and science” or “science and religion” first emerged in the literature. This coincided with the refining of “science“, from the studies of “natural philosophy“, and “religion” as distinct concepts in the last few centuries partly due to the professionalization of the sciences, the Protestant Reformation, colonization, and globalization. Since then, many have characterized the relationship as either conflict, harmony, complexity, or mutual independence.

Main Articles

The Truth fish, one of the many creationist responses to the Darwin fish

The Truth fish, one of the many creationist responses to the Darwin fish

What Is Science?

Definitions of Science


Branches of science

Scientific research

Famous scientists

See also

Science and Religion(s)

Ape and praying child

Religions And Science

Buddhism and science


Hinduism and Science

Jainism and Science

Christianity and Science

Catholic Church and science

See also

Islam and science

Ancient Animal Archeology Bone Dead Dinosaur


Creation And Evolution

Main articles:

What is Evolution?

What is Creationism?

Basic principles


Applications in other disciplines



Controversy about evolution

Philosophical views of evolution

Religious views of evolution

Prominent evolutionary biologists

Biblical basis

Types of Creationism

Education controversies

Religious views







Chinese religions

Criticism of Creationism


Articles About Creation and Evolution