Prophets in the Quran

In Islam, every prophet preached the same core beliefs, the Oneness of God, worshipping of that one God, avoidance of idolatry and sin, and the belief in the Day of Resurrection or the Day of Judgement and life after death. Prophets and messengers are believed to have been sent by God to different communities during different periods in history.

The Samarkand Kufic Quran, dated to the early 9th century. It is an alleged 7th century original of the edition of the third caliph Uthman. This Quran is located in the small Telyashayakh mosque in Tashkent.

All messengers mentioned in the Quran are also prophets, but not all prophets are messengers. The following are named as Prophets in the Quran. 

Adam آدم

Adam is the first prophet of Islam and, according to Islamic tradition, the first human being. He is an important figure in Judaism and Christianity as well and is best known for the story of Adam and Eve.

Idris إدريس

Prophet Idris is, at times, identified with the Enoch found in the Bible. In the Quran, it says that God exalted Idris to a lofty station and Muslims believe that he lived at a time when pure monotheism was, for the most part, forgotten. He is known to be the first prophet to wage a Jihad war.

Noah نوح

Although best known for the Deluge, Nuh was a primary preacher of monotheism at his time. According to Islamic tradition, it was this faithfulness to God that led to him being selected to build the Ark

Tomb of the Prophet Noah in Nakhchivan area of Azerbaijan Republic. Local people strongly believe that the tomb contains the grave of the Prophet Noah. The name Nakhchivan derives from the Noah meaning the place where the Prophet Noah landed after the floods. The current grave structure under the tomb dates to 5-6th century.

Hud هود

According to Islam, Hud, for whom the eleventh chapter of the Quran is named, was sent by God some time after the Deluge to remind the people of his nation about God. He was sent to the people of Ad, and is one of the five Arab prophets.

Saleh صالح

According to the Quran, Saleh was ordered by God to leave behind his people after they disobeyed God’s orders. They were the nation of Thamud and they were known to have carved buildings and homes out of cliffs and mountains.

Abraham ابراهيم

Abraham is regarded by Muslims today as one of the significant prophets as he is credited with building the Kaaba in Makkah. His family included his prophetic sons Ismail and Isaac as well as his prophetic grandson Jacob and the holy women Sarah and Hagar.

Lut لوط

Lut is known in Islam for preaching against homosexuality in Sodom and Gomorrah, only to be mocked and ignored by the people who lived there. This nation was destroyed By God’s command.

These are the photos of historical things found near the tomb in Nakhchivan area of Azerbaijan Republic which is believed of incorporating the grave of the Prophet Noah. These photos are displayed in the tomb which is open for visitors. The tomb was considered sacred containing the grave of the Prophet Noah by local people since times immemorial. The existing stone grave structure under the tomb dates to around 5-6th century. Local people still come to this place to pray to the God and strongly believe that this is the place where the Prophet Noah was buried. People claim that the name of the place – Nakhchivan – also derives from the name of the Prophet Noah, which in Turkic language means the place where the Prophet Noah was landed after the floods. The location is close to two mountains considered as places hiding the remnants of the Noah’s ship.

Ismail اسماعيل

According to Islamic tradition Ismail and his mother Hajra’s search for water in the region around Makkah led God to reveal the Zamzam Well.

Isaac اسحاق

According to Islamic tradition, Isaac, second-born son of Abraham, became a prophet in Canaan. He, along with his brother Ismail, carried on the legacy of Ibrahim as prophets of Islam.

Yaqub (Jacob) يعقوب

Jacob, according to the Quran was “of the company of the Elect and the Good” (Yusuf Ali 38:47) and he continued the legacy of both his father, Isaac, and his grandfather, Abraham. Like his ancestors, he was committed to worshipping and bowing to God.

Yusuf (Joseph) يوسف

Yusuf, son of Yaqub and great-grandson of Ibrahim, became a prominent advisor to the pharaoh of Egypt since he was believed to have been able to predict the future. He spent a large part of his life away from his eleven brothers, who, jealous of Yusuf’s success, told their father Yaqub that Yusuf had died.But indeed they had thrown him in a well and took off his shirt and smeared it with that of a killed ram’s blood. Yusuf a.s. was afraid in the well but knew very well that Allah was with him. Yusuf was a prophet as well as the messenger of Allah (God)

Ayyub (Job) أيوب

According to Islamic tradition, Ayub was rewarded by a fountain of youth, which removed all illnesses except death, for his service to Allah in his hometown outside Al Majdal.

Shoaib (Jethro) شعيب

Shoaib was a direct descendant of Ibrahim. According to Islam, he was appointed by Allah to guide the people of Madyan and Aykah, who lived near Mount Sinai. When the people of the region failed to listen to his warnings, their villages were destroyed by Allah.

Musa (Moses) موسى

Musa, referred to in the Quran more than any other prophet, is significant for revealing the Tawrat to the ancient Egyptians. The Quran says Musa realized his connection with Allah after receiving commands from him during a stop at Mount Sinai. He later went on to free the enslaved Israelites after failing to convince the Egyptian pharaoh of Allah’s power. Musa subsequently led the freed Israelites for forty years through the desert on a long attempt to capture Canaan, the promised land. During this long journey, Musa received the Tawrat and the Ten Commandments during another trip to Mount Sinai. At the end of his life, according to Islamic tradition, Musa chose to die to be closer to Allah instead of taking an offer that would have extended his life.

Harun (Aaron) هارون

Harun served as an assistant to his elder brother Musa. In Islam, he, like Musa, was given the task of saving the Israelites from the Egyptian pharaoh. He would often speak for Musa when his speech impediment prevented him from doing so himself.

Dhul-Kifl (Ezekiel) ذو الكفل

Dhul-Kifl was stated twice in the Quran (Surah Al-Anbiya ayat 85 and Surah Sa’d ayat 48). Both references describe that Dhul-Kifl was amongst the most patient and righteous of men. He is most often identified with the Old Testament prophet Ezekiel because Ezekiel in his journey to Nineveh went to a little town called Kefil and his shrine is there. So, people believe Ezekiel as Dhul-Kifl.

Daud (David) داود

In Islam, the Zabur (equated by some with the Psalms) were revealed to Daud by Allah. He is also significant as he is the one who conquered Goliath. Zabur the short book given by Allah in order to him.

Sulayman (Solomon) سليمان

Sulayman learned a significant amount from his father Daud before being made a prophet by Allah. According to Islamic tradition, Sulayman was given power over all things, including the jinns. Known for his honesty and fairness, he also led a kingdom that extended into southern Arabia. He was the youngest among his nineteen brothers, he was thirteen years old when he became a prophet. He inherited his fathers throne because he made fair decisions. He had the ability to control winds also and speak to animals.

Ilyas (Elijah) إلياس

Ilyas, descendant of Harun, took over control of the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula after Sulayman’s kingdom collapsed. Islamic tradition says he attempted to convince the people of the Peninsula of the existence of only one god, but when the people refused to listen they were smitten with a drought and famine.

Al-Yasa (Elisha) اليسع

Al-Yasa took over the job of leading the Israelites after Ilyas’ death. He attempted to show the king and queen of Israel the powers of Allah, but was dismissed as a magician. Subsequently, the Assyrians were able to conquer the Israelites and inflict significant damage on them.

Yunus (Jonah) يونس

Yunus was commanded by Allah to help the people of Nineveh towards righteousness. However, after Nineveh’s people refused to listen to him, he became disgruntled and started to ignore him. After an incident where Yunus was spared death, he decided to re-commit himself to striving for Allah, attempting to lead the people of Nineveh to righteousness. But after returning to evil, illicit ways, the Scythians conquered them.

Zakariya (Zechariah) زكريا

A descendant of Sulayman, Zakariya was a patron of Maryam, mother of Isa. According to Islamic tradition, he prayed to Allah asking for a son, since his sterile wife al-Yashbi could not provide one. Allah granted his wishes, temporarily lifting his wife’s sterility and allowing her to give birth to Yahya. His death was considered tragic as several Israelites severed his body in half.

Yahya (John the Baptist) يحيى

Islam says that, like his father Zakariya, Yahya prayed to Allah to bless him with a son who could continue his legacy of guiding people towards Islam. Throughout his lifetime, Yahya captivated audiences with his powerful sermons that preached monotheism.

Isa (Jesus) عيسى

One of the highest ranked prophets in Islam, Isa was sent to guide the Children of Israel. The Quran makes it very clear that Isa is not the son of God as Christianity teaches, but rather a prophet, and Messenger of God. He was able to perform many miracles but only by the will of God. It also states that he received the New Testament although the version seen today is different from the one revealed at the time. Muslims believe that Isa was not crucified on the cross but instead is in heaven, waiting to return to defeat the dajjal. In Sura Maryam (19:88-89), The Quran states, “And they say: Allah the most gracious has begotten a son. Indeed, you have made a abominable assertion.” This is such an unjust and grave claim that “At it the skies are about to burst, and the earth split asunder, and the mountains to crumble down crashing, that they have attributed to the Most Gracious a son! It is not befitting for the Most Gracious to beget a son. There is none in the heavens and the earth but comes to the Most Gracious as a slave” 19:90-93. The claim of those who attribute such fallacy to Him is refuted in these verses.

Muhammad محمد

Muhammed ibn Abdullah(53 B.H-11 A.H; 571-632 AD) is the Last Prophet in Islam. According to Islamic tradition Muhammad never claimed Islam a new religion but in fact preached the unity of the religion since Adam the first person and prophet of Allah on the face of earth. The strongest Islamic belief is that Islam is the only religion which all prophets preached. Also Quran refers to all prophets as Muslims. Muhammad was born in Makkah where he spent the first part of his life as a well-travelled merchant. He would often spend his time in the mountains surrounding Makkah in prayer contemplating the situation with the city. According to Islamic beliefs, at the age of forty during one of those trips to the mountain, Muhammad began to, despite his illiteracy, receive and recite verses from Allah which today make up the Quran. He quickly began to spread the message he was receiving, convincing a few others in the city, including his wife, to convert a form of Islam similar to one practiced today. He became the leader of those who had submitted to Allah (Muslims), moving to another city (present-day Medina) away from the oppressors in Makkah. Muhammad served not just as a prophet, but as a king/leader who helped defeat the Makkans in 624 during the Battle of Badr. He continued to lead the Muslims spreading Islam across the Arabian Peninsula. He performed the first hajj in 629 and established the form of Islam, with its five pillars still practiced by Muslims today. Others continued Muhammad’s legacy after his death in 629 proclaiming themselves as caliphs (or successors) to Muhammad.Indeed his is the last prophet,and according to NASA the space station they say Islam is the right religion

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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