Doctrine and Covenants

The Doctrine and Covenants (sometimes abbreviated and cited as D&C or D. and C.) is a part of the open scriptural canon of several denominations of the Latter Day Saint movement. Originally published in 1835 as Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints: Carefully Selected from the Revelations of God, editions of the book continue to be printed mainly by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and the Community of Christ (formerly the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints [RLDS Church]).

The book originally contained two parts: a sequence of lectures setting forth basic church doctrine, followed by a compilation of important revelations, or “covenants” of the church: thus the name “Doctrine and Covenants”. The “doctrine” portion of the book, however, has been removed by both the LDS Church and the Community of Christ. The remaining portion of the book contains revelations on numerous topics, most of which were dictated by the movement’s founder Joseph Smith, supplemented by materials periodically added by each denomination.

Title page of the 1921 LDS edition

Controversy has existed between the two largest denominations of the Latter Day Saint movement over some sections added to the 1876 LDS edition, attributed to founder Smith. Whereas the LDS Church believes these sections to have been revelations to Smith,[1] the RLDS Church traditionally disputed their authenticity.[2]


Title page of the 1903 reprint of the Book of Commandments.

The Doctrine and Covenants was first published in 1835 as a later version of the Book of Commandments, which had been partially printed in 1833. This earlier book contained 65 early revelations to church leaders, including Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery. Before many copies of the book could be printed, the printing press and most of the printed copies were destroyed by a mob in Missouri.

On September 24, 1834, a committee was appointed by the general assembly of the church to organize a new volume containing the most significant revelations. This committee of Presiding Elders, consisting of Smith, Cowdery, Sidney Rigdon, and Frederick G. Williams, began to review and revise numerous revelations for inclusion in the new work. The committee eventually organized the book into two parts: a “Doctrine” part and a “Covenants” part.

The “Doctrine” part of the book consisted of a theological course now called the “Lectures on Faith”. The lectures were a series of doctrinal courses used in the School of the Prophets which had recently been completed in Kirtland, Ohio. According to the committee, these lectures were included in the compilation “in consequence of their embracing the important doctrine of salvation.”[3] The “Covenants” part of the book, labeled “Covenants and Commandments of the Lord, to his servants of the church of the Latter Day Saints”, contained a total of 103 revelations. These 103 revelations were said to “contain items or principles for the regulation of the church, as taken from the revelations which have been given since its organization, as well as from former ones.”[3] Each of the 103 revelations was assigned a “section number”; however, section 66 was mistakenly used twice. Thus, the sections of the original work were numbered only to 102.

On February 17, 1835, after the committee had selected the book’s contents, the committee wrote that the resulting work represents “our belief, and when we say this, humbly trust, the faith and principles of this society as a body.”[3]

Title page of the original 1835 edition.

The book was first introduced to the church body in a general conference on August 17, 1835. Smith and Williams, two of the Presiding Elders on the committee, were absent, but Cowdery and Rigdon were present. The church membership at the time had not yet seen the Doctrine and Covenants manuscript as it had been compiled and revised solely by the committee; however, various church members who were familiar with the work “bore record” of the book’s truth. At the end of the conference, the church “by a unanimous vote” agreed to accept the compilation as “the doctrine and covenants of their faith” and to make arrangements for its printing.[4]

In 1835, the book was printed and published under the title Doctrine and Covenants of the Church of the Latter Day Saints: Carefully Selected from the Revelations of God.

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints editions

In The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), The Doctrine and Covenants of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints stands alongside the Bible, the Book of Mormon, and The Pearl of Great Price as scripture. Together the LDS Church’s scriptures are referred to as the “standard works”. The LDS Church’s version of the Doctrine and Covenants is described by the church as “containing revelations given to Joseph Smith, the Prophet, with some additions by his successors in the Presidency of the Church.”[5]

Sections added to LDS edition

The 138 sections and two official declarations in LDS Church’s Doctrine and Covenants break down as follows:

  • Sections 1–134, 137: From the presidency of Joseph Smith (1828–44)
  • Sections 135–136: During the administration of the Quorum of the Twelve (1844–47)
  • Official Declaration 1: From the presidency of Wilford Woodruff (1889–98)
  • Section 138: From the presidency of Joseph F. Smith (1901–18)
  • Official Declaration 2: From the presidency of Spencer W. Kimball (1973–85)

The following sections are not revelations, but letters, reports, statements, and other similar documents: 102, 123, 127–131, 134, 135, and Official Declarations 1 and 2.

In 1844, the church added eight sections not included in the 1835 edition. In the current edition, these added sections are numbered 103, 105, 112, 119, 124, 127, 128, and 135.

In 1876, a new LDS Church edition renumbered most of the sections in a roughly chronological order instead of the earlier topical order, and included 26 sections not included in previous editions, now numbered as sections 2, 13, 77, 85, 87, 108–111, 113–118, 120–123, 125, 126, 129–132, and 136. Previous editions had been divided into verses with the early versifications generally following the paragraph structure of the original text. It was with the 1876 edition that the currently used versification was first employed.

During the 1880s, five foreign editions contained two revelations to John Taylor that were received in 1882 and 1883; these revelations “set in order” the priesthood, gave more clarification about the roles of priesthood offices—especially the seventy—and required “men who … preside over my priesthood” to live plural marriage in order to qualify to hold their church positions.[6] Due to the LDS Church’s change in attitude to polygamy in 1890, these sections were not included in future English editions of the Doctrine and Covenants.

In 1930, a small volume edited by apostle James E. Talmage titled Latter-day Revelations was published, which was a highly edited selective version of the Doctrine and Covenants. Talmage wrote that the book’s purpose was “to make the strictly doctrinal parts of the Doctrine and Covenants of easy access and reduce its bulk” by including only “the sections comprising scriptures of general and enduring value”.[7] Ninety-five of the sections of the Doctrine and Covenants were completely omitted—most notably section 132 on plural and celestial marriage—along with parts of 21 others.[7] Twenty complete sections were retained along with parts of 21 others.[8] Fundamentalist Mormons were offended, particularly at the exclusion of section 132, and accused the church of “changing the scriptures.”[8] As a result, church president Heber J. Grant ordered the withdrawal of the book from sale with the remaining copies shredded in order to “avoid further conflict with the fundamentalists”.[8]

Sections 137 and 138 were added to the LDS Church’s 1981 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, which is the edition currently in use by the church. These were accounts of two visions, one from Joseph Smith in 1837 and the other from his nephew, Joseph F. Smith, in 1918. The revelations were earlier accepted as scripture when added to the Pearl of Great Price in April 1976.[9] No new revelatory sections have been added since 1981.

The LDS Church’s 1981 edition contains two “Official Declarations” at the book’s conclusion. The 1890 Official Declaration 1 ended the church-authorized practice of plural marriage, and the 1978 Official Declaration 2 announces the opening of priesthood ordination to all worthy male members without regard to race or color. The two Official Declarations are not revelations, but they serve as the formal announcements that a revelation was received. In neither case is the revelation included in the Doctrine and Covenants. The text of Official Declaration 1 has been included in every LDS Church printing of the Doctrine and Covenants since 1908.

Portions removed from the LDS edition

In 1876, section 101 from the 1835 edition (and subsequent printings) was removed. Section 101 was a “Statement on Marriage” as adopted by an 1835 conference of the church,[10][11] and contained the following text:

Inasmuch as this Church of Christ has been reproached with the crime of fornication and polygamy, we declare that we believe that one man should have one wife, and one woman but one husband, except in the case of death, when either is at liberty to marry again.[12]

This section was removed because it had been superseded by section 132 of the modern LDS edition, recorded in 1843, which contains a revelation received by Joseph Smith on eternal marriage and plural marriage, the principles of which can be dated to as early as 1831.

In 1921, the LDS Church removed the “Lectures on Faith” portion of the book, with an explanation that the lectures “were never presented to nor accepted by the Church as being otherwise than theological lectures or lessons”.[13] The lectures contain theology concerning the Godhead and emphasize the importance of faith and works.

Until 1981, editions of the book used code names for certain people and places in those sections that dealt with the United Order. The 1981 LDS edition replaced these with the real names, relegating the code names to footnotes. The Community of Christ edition still uses the code names.

Community of Christ editions

Officials of Community of Christ (formerly known as the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints) first published an edition of the Doctrine and Covenants in 1864, based on the previous 1844 edition. A general conference of the church in 1878 approved a resolution that declared that the revelations of the Prophet-President Joseph Smith III had equal standing to those previously included in the work. Since that time, the church has continued to add sections to its edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, containing the revelations of succeeding Prophet–Presidents. The most recent addition was formally authorized on April 14, 2010, after being presented to the church for informal consideration on January 17, 2010. The numbers of the sections and versification differ from the edition published by the LDS Church and both modern editions differ from the original 1835 edition numeration.

Regarding the contents of the Doctrine and Covenants, the church has stated: “As with other books of scripture, the various passages vary in their enduring quality.”[14]

Sections added to Community of Christ edition

The 167 sections of the Community of Christ’s Doctrine and Covenants break down as follows:

  • Sections 1–113 (includes 108A): From the presidency of Joseph Smith (1828–44)
  • Sections 114–131: From the presidency of Joseph Smith III (1860–1914)
  • Sections 132–138: From the presidency of Frederick M. Smith (1914–46)
  • Sections 139–144: From the presidency of Israel A. Smith (1946–58)
  • Sections 145–152 (includes 149A): From the presidency of W. Wallace Smith (1958–78)
  • Sections 153–160: From the presidency of Wallace B. Smith (1978–96)
  • Sections 161–162: From the presidency of W. Grant McMurray (1996–2004)
  • Sections 163–165: From the presidency of Stephen M. Veazey (2005–)

The following sections are not revelations, but letters, reports, statements, and other similar documents: 99, 108A, 109–113, and 123.

Based on the above, the number of revelations (accounting for sections that are not revelations) presented by each Community of Christ president, are as follows:

  • Joseph Smith: 107
  • Joseph Smith III: 17
  • Frederick M. Smith: 7
  • Israel A. Smith: 6
  • W. Wallace Smith: 9
  • Wallace B. Smith: 8
  • W. Grant McMurray: 2
  • Stephen M. Veazey: 3

Portions removed from the Community of Christ edition

Community of Christ removed the “Lectures on Faith” in 1897. The 1970 World Conference concluded that several sections that had been added between the 1835 and 1844 editions—mainly dealing with the subjects of temple worship and baptism for the dead—had been published without proper approval of a church conference. As a result, the World Conference removed sections 107, 109, 110, 113, and 123 to a historical appendix, which also includes documents that were never published as sections. Of these, only section 107 was a revelation. The World Conference of 1990 subsequently removed the entire appendix from the Doctrine and Covenants. Section 108A contained the minutes of a business meeting, which, because of its historical nature, was moved to the Introduction in the 1970s. After 1990, the Introduction was updated, and what was section 108A was removed entirely.

Doctrinal developments in the Community of Christ edition

The ongoing additions to the Community of Christ edition provide a record of the leadership changes and doctrinal developments within the denomination. When W. Grant McMurray became Prophet-President, he declared that instruction specific to leadership changes would no longer be included, so that the focus of the work could be more doctrinal in nature, and less administrative. The record of these leadership changes are still maintained in the form of published “letters of counsel.” Prophet–President Stephen M. Veazey has conformed to this pattern. Although these letters are not formally published in the Doctrine and Covenants, they are still deemed to be inspired, and are dealt with in the same manner that revelations are (that is, they must be deliberated and approved by the voting members of a World Conference).

A modern revelation that resulted in some “disaffection” and “led to intense conflict in scattered areas of the RLDS Church”[15]:1211 is contained in the Community of Christ version’s section 156, presented by Prophet–President Wallace B. Smith and added in 1984, which called for the ordination of women to the priesthood and set out the primary purpose of temples to be “the pursuit of peace”.[16] A resulting schism over the legitimacy of these change led to the formation of the Restoration Branches movement, the Restoration Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and the Remnant Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.

While some of the prose in the new revelations seems designed to guide the denomination on matters of church governance and doctrine, others are seen as inspirational. One such example can be cited from section 161, presented as counsel to the church by W. Grant McMurray in 1996: “Become a people of the Temple—those who see violence but proclaim peace, who feel conflict yet extend the hand of reconciliation, who encounter broken spirits and find pathways for healing.”

Editions used by other denominations

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (Strangite) uses the 1846 edition that was published in Nauvoo, Illinois; this version is virtually identical to the 1844 edition. Most recently a facsimile reprint was produced for the church at Voree, Wisconsin by Richard Drew in 1993.

The Church of Christ (Temple Lot) contends that the thousands of changes made to the original revelations as published in the Book of Commandments (including the change of the church’s name) are not doctrinal and result from Joseph Smith’s fall from his original calling. As a result, the Church of Christ (Temple Lot) prefers to use reprints of the Book of Commandments text.

The Church of Jesus Christ (Cutlerite) accepts the 1844 edition of the Doctrine and Covenants, including the Lectures on Faith, which it insists are as much inspired as the revelations themselves.

The Restoration Branches generally use the older RLDS Church Doctrine and Covenants, typically sections 1–144.

The Remnant Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints uses the older RLDS Church version of the Doctrine and Covenants up to section 144, and also continues to add new revelations from their president, Frederick Niels Larsen.

“Remnant” movement, a spiritual movement in schism with the LDS Church, published an online “Restoration” edition of the Doctrine and Covenants in 2017. It includes any sections authored by Joseph Smith. It also: includes a new version of D&C 54, as revised by Denver Snuffer;[17] excludes the Kirtland Temple visitation by Elijah and others angelic being in D&C 110; excludes portions based on fragmentary teachings by Smith in D&C 129; includes Smith’s Lectures on Faith; and includes a new appendix titled, “A Prophet’s Prerogative,” by Jeff Savage.[18][19]

Chart comparison of editions

The following chart compares the current editions of the Doctrine and Covenants used by the LDS Church (LDS ed.) and the Community of Christ (CofC ed.) with the 1833 Book of Commandments (BofC), the 1835 edition published in Kirtland, and the 1844 edition published in Nauvoo. Unless otherwise specified, the document is styled a “revelation” of the person delivering it.

LDS ed. CofC ed. BofC
Kirtland ed.
Nauvoo ed.
Date Delivered by Description
1 1 1 1 1 1 Nov 1831 Joseph Smith Lord’s “Preface”
2 21 Sep 1823 Joseph Smith (angelic visitation) Moroni’s visit to Joseph Smith
3 2 2 30 30 Jul 1828 Joseph Smith lost 116 pages
4 4 3 31 31 Feb 1829 Joseph Smith To Joseph Smith, Sr.
5 5 4 32 32 Mar 1829 Joseph Smith To Martin Harris; golden plates
6 6 5 8 8 Apr 1829 Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery To Oliver Cowdery
7 7 6 33 33 Apr 1829 Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery To Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery; John the Apostle
8 8 7 34 34 Apr 1829 Joseph Smith To Oliver Cowdery; Book of Mormon translation
9 9 8 35 35 Apr 1829 Joseph Smith To Oliver Cowdery; Book of Mormon translation
10 3 9 36 36 Apr 1829 (suspected; possibly earlier) Joseph Smith lost 116 pages
11 10 10 37 37 May 1829 Joseph Smith To Hyrum Smith
12 11 11 38 38 May 1829 Joseph Smith To Joseph Knight, Sr.
13 15 May 1829 Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery (angelic visitation) Conferral of Aaronic priesthood by John the Baptist
14 12 12 39 39 Jun 1829 Joseph Smith To David Whitmer
15 13 13 40 40 Jun 1829 Joseph Smith To John Whitmer
16 14 14 41 41 Jun 1829 Joseph Smith To Peter Whitmer, Jr.
17 15 42 42 Jun 1829 Joseph Smith To Three Witnesses
18 16 15 43 43 Jun 1829 Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, and David Whitmer selection of Twelve Apostles
19 18 16 44 44 Summer 1829 Joseph Smith To Martin Harris
20 17 24 2 2 Summer 1829 (received); 6 Apr 1830 (recorded and finalized) Joseph Smith Church organization and government
21 19 22 46 46 6 Apr 1830 Joseph Smith Joseph Smith’s calling
22 20 23 47 47 16 Apr 1830 Joseph Smith baptism
23 21 17–21 45 45 Apr 1830 Joseph Smith To Oliver Cowdery, Hyrum Smith, Samuel H. Smith, Joseph Smith, Sr., Joseph Knight, Sr.
24 23 25 9 9 Jul 1830 Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery Callings of Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery
25 24 26 48 48 Jul 1830 Joseph Smith To Emma Smith; compilation of a church hymnal
26 25 27 49 49 Jul 1830 Joseph Smith, Oliver Cowdery, and John Whitmer Common consent
27 26 28 50 50 Aug 1830 Joseph Smith Sacrament and priesthood ordinations
28 27 30 51 51 Sep 1830 Joseph Smith To Oliver Cowdery; Joseph Smith to receive revelations until another appointed
29 28 29 10 10 Sep 1830 Joseph Smith To six elders; Second Coming; origin of Satan; redemption of children
30 29 31–33 52 52 Sep 1830 Joseph Smith To David Whitmer, Peter Whitmer, Jr., John Whitmer
31 30 34 53 53 Sep 1830 Joseph Smith To Thomas B. Marsh
32 31 54 54 Oct 1830 Joseph Smith To Parley P. Pratt and Ziba Peterson
33 32 35 55 55 Oct 1830 Joseph Smith To Ezra Thayre and Northrop Sweet
34 33 36 56 56 4 Nov 1830 Joseph Smith To Orson Pratt
35 34 37 11 11 7 Dec 1830 Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon Callings Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon; signs and miracles; the elect
36 35 38 57 57 9 Dec 1830 Joseph Smith To Edward Partridge
37 37 39 58 58 Dec 1830 Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon Saints to gather in Ohio
38 38 40 12 12 2 Jan 1831 Joseph Smith equality; wars
39 39 41 59 59 5 Jan 1831 Joseph Smith To James Covel
40 40 42 60 60 6 Jan 1831 Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon Concerning James Covel
41 41 43 61 61 4 Feb 1831 Joseph Smith To the church; Edward Partridge called as bishop
42 42 44, 47 13 13 9, 23 Feb 1831 Joseph Smith “the law” of the church
43 43 45 14 14 Feb 1831 Joseph Smith Role of President of the Church; missionary work; forces of nature
44 44 46 62 62 Feb 1831 (latter part) Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon Church conference called
45 45 48 15 15 7 Mar 1831 Joseph Smith Matthew chapter 24 explained; missionary work; Christ as advocate
46 46 49 16 16 8 Mar 1831 Joseph Smith Sacrament meeting, gifts of the Spirit
47 47 50 63 63 8 Mar 1831 Joseph Smith John Whitmer to keep history of church
48 48 51 64 64 10 Mar 1831 Joseph Smith Purchase of lands
49 49 52 65 65 7 May 1831 Joseph Smith To Joseph Smith, Sidney Rigdon, Parley P. Pratt, and Leman Copley; Shaker beliefs
50 50 53 17 17 9 May 1831 Joseph Smith Recognizing the Spirit
51 51 23 23 20 May 1831 Joseph Smith Property division
52 52 54 66 66 6 Jun 1831 Joseph Smith Sending elders to Missouri
53 53 55 66[20] 67 8 Jun 1831 Joseph Smith To Algernon Sidney Gilbert
54 54 56 67 68 10 Jun 1831 Joseph Smith To Newel Knight
55 55 57 68 69 14 Jun 1831 Joseph Smith To W. W. Phelps
56 56 58 69 70 15 Jun 1831 Joseph Smith The rebellious; the rich and the poor
57 57 27 27 20 Jul 1831 Joseph Smith Location of Zion at Jackson County, Missouri
58 58 59 18 18 1 Aug 1831 Joseph Smith Tribulations; gather to Zion
59 59 60 19 19 7 Aug 1831 Joseph Smith The sabbath; reward for the righteous
60 60 61 70 71 8 Aug 1831 Joseph Smith Elders to travel to Cincinnati, Ohio; missionary work
61 61 62 71 72 12 Aug 1831 Joseph Smith “Destruction upon the waters”
62 62 63 72 73 13 Aug 1831 Joseph Smith Missionary work
63 63 64 20 20 30 Aug 1831 Joseph Smith Signs; mysteries; impending war and woe; gather to Zion; authority to use Lord’s name
64 64 65[21] 21 21 11 Sep 1831 Joseph Smith Forgiveness; financial debt; tithing; Zion to flourish
65 65 24 24 30 Oct 1831 Joseph Smith (prayer) Prayer of Joseph Smith; keys of the kingdom
66 66 74 75 29 Oct 1831 Joseph Smith To William E. McLellin
67 67 25 25 early Nov 1831 Joseph Smith Testimony of the Book of Commandments
68 68 22 22 1 Nov 1831 Joseph Smith To Orson Hyde, Luke S. Johnson, Lyman E. Johnson, and William E. McLellin; bishops; parents
69 69 28 28 11 Nov 1831 Joseph Smith Assignments for John Whitmer
70 70 26 26 12 Nov 1831 Joseph Smith Stewardship; equality
71 71 90 91 1 Dec 1831 Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon called to preach
72 72 89 90 4 Dec 1831 Joseph Smith Bishops
73 73 29 29 10 Jan 1832 Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible
74 74 73 74 1830 (month unknown) Joseph Smith Explanation of 1 Corinthians 7:14; salvation of children
75 75 87 88 25 Jan 1832 Joseph Smith Missionary work; families of missionaries
76 76 91 92 16 Feb 1832 Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon (vision) Jesus Christ; resurrection; degrees of glory; origin of Satan
77 Mar 1832 Joseph Smith Explanation of certain verses in Revelation
78 77 75 76 1 Mar 1832 Joseph Smith United Order; equality
79 78 76 77 12 Mar 1832 Joseph Smith To Jared Carter
80 79 77 78 7 Mar 1832 Joseph Smith To Stephen Burnett and Eden Smith
81 80 79 80 15 Mar 1832 Joseph Smith To Jesse Gause; on 18 Mar 1833 its application was transferred to Frederick G. Williams
82 81 86 87 26 Apr 1832 Joseph Smith Obedience; United Order; equality
83 82 88 89 30 Apr 1832 Joseph Smith Husbands and fathers; widows and orphans
84 83 4 4 22–23 Sep 1832 Joseph Smith Priesthood
85 27 Nov 1832 Joseph Smith (letter) Letter from Joseph Smith to W. W. Phelps; United Order; One Mighty and Strong; equality
86 84 6 6 6 Dec 1832 Joseph Smith Parable of the Tares explained
87 25 Dec 1832 Joseph Smith Prophecy of war and calamity
88 85 7 7 27–28 Dec 1832; 3 Jan 1833 Joseph Smith The “olive leaf”; “Lord’s message of peace”
89 86 80 81 27 Feb 1833 Joseph Smith A “Word of Wisdom”
90 87 84 85 8 Mar 1833 Joseph Smith Keys of the kingdom; First Presidency
91 88 92 93 9 Mar 1833 Joseph Smith The Apocrypha
92 89 93 94 15 Mar 1833 Joseph Smith To Frederick G. Williams
93 90 82 83 6 May 1833 Joseph Smith John’s record of Christ; intelligence; innocence of children
94 91 83 84 2 Aug 1833 Joseph Smith To Hyrum Smith, Reynolds Cahoon, and Jared Carter; construction of various buildings commanded
95 92 95 96 1 Jun 1833 Joseph Smith Kirtland Temple to be built; purpose of temples
96 93 96 97 4 Jun 1833 Joseph Smith Division of property
97 94 81 82 2 Aug 1833 Joseph Smith Saints in Jackson County, Missouri; temple to be built in Jackson County
98 95 85 86 6 Aug 1833 Joseph Smith Promises and warnings; martyrs; when war is justified; forgiving enemies
99 96 78 79 29 Aug 1832[22] Joseph Smith To John Murdock
100 97 94 95 12 Oct 1833 Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon Joseph Smith and Sidney Rigdon to preach gospel; Rigdon to be Smith’s spokesman; welfare of Orson Hyde and John Gould
101 98 97 98 16–17 Dec 1833 Joseph Smith Redemption of Zion; parables; United States and the U.S. Constitution; Saints to seek redress
102 99 5 5 17 Feb 1834 Oliver Cowdery and Orson Hyde (minutes of meeting) Minutes for first high council meeting
103 100 101 24 Feb 1834 Joseph Smith Redemption of Zion; organization of Zion’s Camp
104 101 98 99 23 Apr 1834 Joseph Smith United Order
105 102 102 22 Jun 1834 Joseph Smith Redemption of Zion; purpose of Kirtland Temple; peace
106 103 99 100 25 Nov 1834 Joseph Smith To Warren A. Cowdery; Second Coming
107 104 3 3 Apr 1835 (completed); some portions received 11 Nov 1831 Joseph Smith Priesthood; quorums
108 26 Dec 1835 Joseph Smith To Lyman Sherman
109 27 Mar 1836 Joseph Smith (prayer) Dedicatory prayer for Kirtland Temple
110 3 Apr 1836 Joseph Smith and Oliver Cowdery (vision and angelicvisitations) Visitation of Jesus Christ to accept Kirtland Temple; conferral of priesthood keys; coming of Moses, Elias, and Elijah
111 6 Aug 1836 Joseph Smith temporal needs of the church
112 105 104 23 Jul 1837 Joseph Smith To Thomas B. Marsh; Quorum of the Twelve Apostles; First Presidency
113 Mar 1838 Joseph Smith (answers to questions) Answers to questions on the Book of Isaiah
114 11 Apr 1838 Joseph Smith Concerning David W. Patten
115 26 Apr 1838 Joseph Smith Name of the church; stakes; temple to be built at Far West, Missouri
116 19 May 1838 Joseph Smith Adam-ondi-Ahman
117 8 Jul 1838 Joseph Smith Concerning William Marks, Newel K. Whitney, and Oliver Granger; property; sacrifice
118 8 Jul 1838 Joseph Smith Vacancies in the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles filled
119 106 107 8 Jul 1838 Joseph Smith Tithing
120 8 Jul 1838 Joseph Smith Council on the Disposition of the Tithes
121 20 Mar 1839 Joseph Smith (prayer and prophecies) Prayer and prophecies of Joseph Smith; why many are called but few chosen
122 20 Mar 1839 Joseph Smith Destiny of Joseph Smith
123 20 Mar 1839 Joseph Smith (letter) Letter to church; duty in relation to their persecutors
124 107[23] 103 19 Jan 1841 Joseph Smith Nauvoo Temple and Nauvoo House to be built; baptism for the dead
125 Mar 1841 Joseph Smith Saints in Iowa
126 9 Jul 1841 Joseph Smith To Brigham Young
127 109[23] 105 1 Sep 1842 Joseph Smith (letter) Letter to church; baptism for the dead
128 110[23] 106 6 Sep 1842 Joseph Smith (letter) Letter to church; baptism for the dead
129 9 Feb 1843 Joseph Smith (instructions) Distinguishing the nature of angels and disembodied spirits
130 2 Apr 1843 Joseph Smith (instruction) Various items of instruction; corporeal nature of God and Jesus Christ; intelligence; seer stones
131 16–17 May 1843 Joseph Smith (instruction) Various items of instruction; celestial marriage; eternal life
132 12 Jul 1843 Joseph Smith Plural marriage; celestial marriage; sealing power; exaltation
133 108 100 108 3 Nov 1831 Joseph Smith Original “Appendix”; Second Coming; missionary work
134 112 102 110 17 Aug 1835 Church (declaration) secular governments and laws in general
135 113[23] 111 27 Jun 1844 John Taylor (eulogy) Martyrdom of Joseph Smith and Hyrum Smith
136 14 Jan 1847 Brigham Young Organization of Mormon pioneer westward journey
137[24] 21 Jan 1836 Joseph Smith (vision) Salvation for the dead; salvation of little children
138[24] 3 Oct 1918 Joseph F. Smith (vision) Jesus Christ preached to spirits in prison; salvation for the dead
OD 1 24 Sep 1890 Wilford Woodruff (declaration) Cessation of plural marriage
OD 2 8 Jun 1978 Spencer W. Kimball, N. Eldon Tanner, Marion G. Romney(declaration) 1978 Revelation on Priesthood: cessation of priesthood restrictions based on race
[25] 22[26] Jun 1830 Joseph Smith God’s words to Moses
[27] 36[28] Dec 1830 Joseph Smith Prophecy of Enoch
108A 103 17 Aug 1835 Thomas Burdick, Warren Parrish, and Sylvester Smith(minutes of meeting) General meeting of the quorums of the church to consider the labors of the committee charged with organizing publication of the revelations into a book
111 101 109 17 Aug 1835 Church (declaration) Declaration on marriage; one spouse only
114 7 Oct 1861 Joseph Smith III (letter) Tithing
115 Mar 1863 Joseph Smith III Calling of William Marks
116 4 May 1865 Joseph Smith III Priesthood ordination of other races
117 10 Apr 1873 Joseph Smith III Changes in leadership positions
118 28 Sep 1882 Joseph Smith III Foreign missions
119 11 Apr 1887 Joseph Smith III Instructions to the elders
120 8 Apr 1890 Joseph Smith III Branch and district presidents
121 11 Apr 1885 Joseph Smith III Changes in leadership positions
122 15 Apr 1894 Joseph Smith III Duties of quorums
123[23] 20 Apr 1894 Joint council of the First Presidency, Council of Twelve Apostles, and Presiding Bishopric (report) Lamoni College; church publications; relations with the LDS Church; doctrinal tracts; interpretation of various scriptures; gospel boat; branch in Detroit
124 Apr 1894 Joseph Smith III Changes in leadership positions
125 15 Apr 1901 Joseph Smith III Patriarchs; foreign missions
126 16 Apr 1902 Joseph Smith III (vision) Quorums
127 14 Apr 1906 Joseph Smith III Sanitarium
128 18 Apr 1909 Joseph Smith III Organization and colonization
129 18 Apr 1909 Joseph Smith III Changes in leadership positions
130 14 Apr 1913 Joseph Smith III Changes in leadership positions
131 14 Apr 1914 Joseph Smith III Presiding Bishopric
132 5 Apr 1916 Frederick M. Smith Presiding Bishop
133 7 Apr 1920 Frederick M. Smith Missionary work
134 2 Oct 1922 Frederick M. Smith Changes in leadership positions
135 18 Apr 1925 Frederick M. Smith Changes in leadership positions
136 14 Apr 1932 Frederick M. Smith Changes in leadership positions; unity
137 7 Apr 1938 Frederick M. Smith Changes in leadership positions
138 10 Apr 1940 Frederick M. Smith Changes in leadership positions; work toward Zion
139 9 Apr 1946 Israel A. Smith Changes in leadership positions
140 7 Apr 1947 Israel A. Smith Changes in leadership positions; Zion
141 2 Oct 1948 Israel A. Smith Changes in leadership positions; counsel
142 2 Apr 1950 Israel A. Smith Commendation; urge to work
143 7 Apr 1954 Israel A. Smith Changes in leadership positions; counsel
144 7 Apr 1954 Israel A. Smith (letter) New President of the Church named
145 8 Oct 1958 W. Wallace Smith Changes in leadership positions
146 2 Apr 1960 W. Wallace Smith Changes in leadership positions; unity commended
147 11 Mar 1964 W. Wallace Smith Changes in leadership positions; stewardship
148 18 Apr 1966 W. Wallace Smith Changes in leadership positions; counsel
149 1 Apr 1968 W. Wallace Smith Changes in leadership positions; relationship between ministerial programs; prepare to build temple at Independence
149A 5 Apr 1968 W. Wallace Smith Clarification of 149
150 14 Apr 1972 W. Wallace Smith Changes in leadership positions; counsel on culture; Independence Temple preparation; ecology
151 1 Apr 1974 W. Wallace Smith Changes in leadership positions; reconciliation
152 29 Mar 1976 W. Wallace Smith New precedent on presidential succession; presidential successor named; changes in leadership positions; reconciliation
153 6 Apr 1978 Wallace B. Smith New President of the Church; changes in leadership positions; counsel on outreach
154 8 Apr 1980 Wallace B. Smith Changes in leadership positions; counsel on outreach
155 29 Mar 1982 Wallace B. Smith Changes in leadership positions; counsel on witness
156 3 Apr 1984 Wallace B. Smith Purpose of Independence Temple; priesthood opened to women; changes in leadership positions
157 12 Apr 1988 Wallace B. Smith Changes in leadership positions; unity; humility
158 5 Apr 1992 Wallace B. Smith Changes in leadership positions; the spiritual life
159 10 Apr 1994 Wallace B. Smith Changes in leadership positions; trusting the Spirit; Independence Temple accepted
160 14 Apr 1996 Wallace B. Smith New President of the Church named
161 4 Apr 2000 W. Grant McMurray Proclaim peace; reach out; patience; embrace differences; respect tradition
162 29 Mar 2004 W. Grant McMurray Be a prophetic people; diversity; tithing
163 29 Mar 2007 Stephen M. Veazey Strive for peace; missionary work; use and misuse of scripture; equality; generosity
164 17 Jan 2010 Stephen M. Veazey Effects of baptism, confirmation, and sacrament of the Lord’s Supper; cultural awareness and sensitivity; flexibility in number of quorums of seventy; accelerate evangelism
165 5 Apr 2016[29] Stephen M. Veazey Expand community, promote peace, and end poverty; tithing; unity in diversity; act in accordance to beliefs


  1.  Section 132,, accessed December 26, 2008.
  2.  Differences between the RLDS and LDS Doctrine and Covenants on the subject of Marriage, accessed December 26, 2008.
  3.  See 1835 D&C, Preface.
  4.  Joseph Smith, B. H. Roberts (ed.) (1902). History of the Church2:243–46.
  5.  LDS 1981 D&C Title Page
  6.  Holzapfel, Richard; Jones, Christopher. John the Revelator”: The Written Revelations of John Taylor”BYU Religious Studies Center. Retrieved 2014-12-16.
  7.   Newell G. Bringhurst, “Section 132 of the Doctrine and Covenants: Its Complex and Controversial Legacy” in Newell G. Bringhurst and Craig L. Foster (eds.), The Persistence of Polygamy: Joseph Smith and the Origins of Mormon Polygamy(Independence, Missouri: John Whitmer Books, 2010 ISBN9781934901137) pp. 83-84.
  8.  c James P. Harris, “Foreword” in James E. TalmageArticles of Faith (1st ed. photo reproduction, Salt Lake City, Utah: Signature Books, 2010 ISBN9781560851677).
  9.  “Scriptural Text for Visions Added to Pearl of Great Price”Ensign: 127. May 1976.
  10.  History of the Church2:247.
  11.  Messenger and Advocate, August 1835, p. 163
  12.  Doctrine and Covenants (1835 edition) 101:4.
  13.  See Introduction, 1921 edition.
  14.  “Doctrine and Covenants”,
  15.  Howard, Richard P. (1992), “Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints (RLDS Church)”, in Ludlow, Daniel H (ed.), Encyclopedia of Mormonism, New York: Macmillan Publishing, pp. 1211–1216, ISBN0-02-879602-0OCLC24502140
  16.  D&C Section 156.
  17.  “Section 54: Revelation given to Joseph Smith, Nauvoo, Illinois, 12 July 1843. Revision by Denver Snuffer Jr.”Restoration edition [preview] Doctrine and Covenants; Pearls of Great Price. March 2017. pp. 147–150.
  18.  Doctrine and Covenants & Pearls of Great Price. March 2017.
  19.  Mary Ann (2017-03-22). “Denver Snuffer’s Teachings to be Canonized as Scripture – Wheat & Tares”. Retrieved 2017-10-31.
  20.  This section was mistakenly numbered LXVI, the same as the previous section. This numbering error was corrected in the Nauvoo edition, thus changing the number of all subsequent sections.
  21.  Incomplete; due to the loss of printed pages, all copies of the Book of Commandments end in the middle of this revelation.
  22.  Some older LDS and RLDS editions mistakenly date this revelation to August 1833.
  23.  Placed in the Appendix at the 1970 World Conference; the Appendix was removed completely by the 1990 World Conference.
  24.   Originally included in the LDS Church’s Pearl of Great Price.
  25.  Included in the LDS Pearl of Great Price as Moses chapter 1.
  26.  Approved by the 1970 World Conference.
  27.  Included in the LDS Pearl of Great Price as Moses chapter 7.
  28.  Approved by the 1970 World Conference; Genesis 7:1–78 in the Inspired Version of the Bible.
  29.  “Official Actions of the 2016 World Conference”(PDF)Community of Christ. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 19 December2016.

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