Is Jesus Son of God?
In the New Testament of the Christian Bible, “Son of God” is applied to Jesus on many occasions. Jesus is declared to be the Son of God on two separate occasions by a voice speaking from Heaven. Jesus is explicitly and implicitly described as the Son of God by himself and by various individuals who appear in the New Testament. Jesus is called “son of God,” while followers of Jesus are called, “sons of God“. As applied to Jesus, the term is a reference to his role as the Messiah, or Christ, the King chosen by God (Matthew 26:63). The contexts and ways in which Jesus’ title, Son of God, means something more than or other than Messiah remain the subject of ongoing scholarly study and discussion.
Let’s go to the Tanakh:
(The following verse is God talking to David about Solomon):
” I will be His Father and he will be my son. I will never take my love away from him, as I took it away from your predecessor. (Chronicles 17:13)
Yet the Israelites will be like the sand on the seashore, which cannot be measured or counted. In the place where it is said to them, ‘You are not my people,’ they will be called ‘sons of the living God. (Hosea 1:10)
The kings of Israel are referred to as Sons of God because they are to be His representatives, ruling in his place on earth over His people.
“I said, You are ELOHIM ; you are all sons of the Most High” (Psalm 82:6)
Do we have too many gods yet?
In ancient rabbinical writing Midrash Rabbah Ruth I, 1, page 3 discusses this verse and there is no understanding that this is to be taken literally. Again the Jews are being consistent. Why does not Christianity select this verse to be literal? Obviously from the above verses there are many sons of God and it does not make them God.
Many Christians are unaware of the fact that it was not unusual for a Jew to call God “Father” in Yihoshua’s (Joshua “Jesus”) Era. This Term later became distinct Christian usage.Talmudic literature is full of examples to the designation of God as Father :
“…..What shall I do when my heavenly Father hath so commanded me ? (Sifra to Lev; Qedoshim 20,26)
“….Since I have done the will of Abba (Father) who is in the Heavens “(Lev R para 32)
“……These buffetings have made me Love my heavenly father” (Midr.Tehillim 12:5)”
“I will exalt the lord saying ‘thou art my father” (ibid 51:10)
“Beloved are Israel for they are called Sons of the Highest” (Aboth 3:3)
If Yihoshua used the term “Abba ” as the Christian claim then it was in the same sense in which it is used in the Talmudic literature.To claim that he was executed for calling G-d Abba/ father is absurd.
To drive this point further let’s see what the Jews wrote in their Apocryphal books :
“But thy providence O Father Governeth it” (Wis. 14:3)
“O Lord, Father and governor of all my life..”(Eccl 23:1)
“O Lord , Father and God of my life..”(Eccl 23:4)
The term “Our Father which art in Heaven” is one of the three major forms of the address in Jewish liturgy.