Outline of Catholicism

Catholicism is a broad term for the body of the Catholic faith, its theologies and doctrines, its liturgical, ethical, spiritual, and behavioral characteristics, as well as a religious people as a whole.

The Catholic Church, also known as the Roman Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with approximately 1.3 billion baptised Catholics worldwide as of 2017. As the world’s oldest continuously functioning international institution, it has played a prominent role in the history and development of Western civilisation. The church is headed by the Bishop of Rome, known as the pope. Its central administration, the Holy See, is in the Vatican City, an enclave within the city of Rome in Italy.

Catholic theology is based on the Nicene Creed. The Catholic Church teaches that it is the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic church founded by Jesus Christ in his Great Commission, that its bishops are the successors of Christ’s apostles, and that the pope is the successor to Saint Peter upon whom primacy was conferred by Jesus Christ.

Catholic denominational families

  • Catholic Church – also known as the Roman Catholic Church; the world’s largest Christian church, with more than 1.3 billion members.
    • Eastern Catholic Churches – autonomous, self-governing (in Latin, sui iuris) particular churches in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, the Pope.
  • Independent Catholic Churches – Catholic congregations that are not in communion with Rome or any other churches whose sacraments are recognized by the Roman Catholic Church (such as the Eastern Orthodox and some Oriental Orthodox churches).
  • Old Catholic Church – number of Ultrajectine Christian churches that originated with groups that split from the Roman Catholic Church over certain doctrines, most importantly that of papal infallibility.
St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City

St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City

What is Catholicism?

Catholicism

Nature of God

Catholic belief

Saints and devotions

Virgin Mary

Sacraments

Liturgy

Prayers

History

Organisation

Catholic Spirituality

More on Catholicism

Jesus Christ God Holy Spirit Bible Gospel

One, Two, Trinity

Trinity

God as Trinity

God the Father

God the Son

God the Holy Spirit

Son of God

History of Trinity

Trinity in Scripture

Trinity related issues

Non-Christian Views of the Trinity

Jesus

Jesus (c. 4 BC – c. AD 30 / 33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ or simply Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader. Jesus, The Son of Mary is the central figure of Christianity and also prophet in Islam is widely described as the most influential person in history. Most Christians believe he is the incarnation of God the Son and the awaited Messiah (Christ) prophesied in the Old Testament.

From birth to the Passion

The Passion

Resurrection and Ascension

Coming of Jesus (End Time)

Perspectives

Depictions of Jesus

Associated relics

FAQ about Jesus

nativity

Nativity scene

Mary, mother of Jesus

Mary, mother of Jesus was a 1st-century BC Galilean Jewish woman of Nazareth, and the mother of Jesus, according to the New Testament and the Quran. Mary, called by various titles, styles, and honorifics in Christianity and called Maryam, mother of ‘Isa, in Islam, was a Jewish woman of Nazareth in Galilee who lived in the late 1st century BC and early 1st century AD

Who is Mary, Mother of Jesus?

Chronology

Mary in culture

 Perspectives on Mary

Marian dogmas