List of Chapters in The Quran

The Quran is divided into Surahs (chapters) and further divided into Ayahs (verses). The real translation of the word Ayat is actually “Sign [of Allah]”. For a preliminary discussion about the chronological order of chapters see page Surah.

Each surah, except for the ninth is preceded by the phrase bismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm (“In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.”). 29 surahs are preceded by Muqatta’at (lit. abbreviated or shortened), unique letter combinations whose meanings remain unclear. The first surah in the Quran is Surah al-Fatihah.

Allah's names and attributes in the Quran.

Allah’s names and attributes in the Quran.

Table of Surahs

Surah
# Anglicized title(s) Arabic title(s) English title(s) Number of verses Place of Revelation Main theme Juz’
1 Al-Fatiha ٱلْفَاتِحَة
al-Fātiḥah al Hamd
The Opening, The Opening of the Divine Writ, The Essence of the Divine Writ, The Surah of Praise, The Foundation of the Qur’an, andThe Seven Oft-Repeated [Verses] 7 (1) Makkah
  • The fundamental principles of the Qur’an in a condensed form.
1
2 Al-Baqarah ٱلْبَقَرَة
al-Baq̈arah
The Calf, The Cow 286 (40) Madinah
  • The necessity of God-consciousness.
  • The error(s) committed by followers of earlier revelations.
  • Legal ordinances (ethics, social relations, warfare etc.).
  • Ibrahim.
  • Kaaba.
  • Ayatul Kursi. (v. 255)
1-3
3 Al Imran آلِ عِمْرَان
ʾĀl ʿImrān
The Family of Imraan, The House of ʿImrān 200 (20) Madinah
  • The human nature of Isa.
  • The oneness of Allah.
  • Man’s faith and temptations.
  • The Battle of Uhud (3 AH).
3-4
4 An-Nisa ٱلنِّسَاء
an-Nisāʾ
The Women 176 (24) Madinah
  • Unity of the human race and the mutual obligations of men and women towards one another. (v. 1)
  • Rights of women.
  • Questions related to family life (including marriage and inheritance).
  • Peace and war.
  • Relations of believers with unbelievers.
  • Striving in the Cause of Allah (Jihad). (v. 95-97)
4-6
5 Al-Ma’idah ٱلْمَائِدَة
al-Māʾidah
The Food, The Repast, The Table 120 (16) Madinah
  • A series of ordinances (incl. Religious rites and social obligations).
  • Corruption of the original message of the Injil by Jews and Christians. (v. 68-77, 116-118)
6-7
6 Al-An’am ٱلْأَنْعَام
al-ʾAnʿām
The Cattle 165 (20) Makkah
  • Human nature of Muhammad. (v. 50)
  • Oneness and uniqueness of Allah. (e.g. v. 100, 103)
  • Pre-Islamic superstitions concerning animals. (v. 136ff)
7-8
7 Al-A’raf ٱلْأَعْرَاف
al-ʾAʿrāf
The Heights, The Faculty of Discernment 206 (24) Makkah
  • The mission of the prophets.
  • Adam, Hawwa and Iblis. (v. 16-25)
  • Stories of Nuh, Hud, Salih, Lut, Shuáyb and Musa. (v. 59-171)
  • Allah’s Covenant with humanity. (v. 172)
  • What happens to those who discard Allah’s message. (v. 175)
8-9
8 Al-Anfal ٱلْأَنْفَال
al-ʾAnfāl
The Spoils of War 75 (10) Madinah
  • The Battle of Badr (2 A.H.).
  • Doctrine of sacrifice through action.
9-10
9 At-Tawbah ٱلتَّوْبَة
at-Tawbah
The Repentance 129 (16) Madinah
  • Problems of war between believers and their enemies.
  • The expedition to Tabuk (9 A.H.).
  • Prohibition of intercalation in the Islamic lunar calendar(v. 37)
  • Those who cannot attain to faith. (v. 124-127)
10-11
10 Yunus يُونُس
al-Yūnus
Jonah 109 (11) Makkah
  • The revelation of the Qur’an to Muhammad (not Muhammad’s own work). (v. 15-17, 37-38, 94)
  • References to earlier prophets.
  • Fundamental tenets of Islam.
11
11 Hud هُود
Hūd
Hud 123 (10) Makkah
  • The revelation of God’s will through his prophets.
  • More stories of earlier prophets.
  • Just dealings between men.
11-12
12 Yusuf يُوسُف
Yūsuf
Joseph 111 (12) Makkah
  • The story of the prophet Joseph (as an illustration of God’s unfathomable direction of men’s affairs).
12-13
13 Ar-Ra’d ٱلرَّعْد
ar-Raʿd
The Thunder 43 (6) Madinah
  • God’s revelation, through his prophets, of certain fundamental moral truths, and the concequences of accepting or rejecting them.
13
14 Ibrahim إِبْرَاهِيم
ʾIbrāhīm
Abraham 52 (7) Makkah
  • The revelation of God’s word to all mankind, destined to lead man from darkness to light.
15 Al-Hijr ٱلْحِجْر
al-Ḥijr
The Rocky Tract, The Stoneland, The Rock City, Al-Hijr 99 (6) Makkah
  • God’s guidance to man through revelation of the Qur’an, which will remain uncorrupted for all times. (v. 9)
14
16 An-Nahl ٱلنَّحْل
an-Naḥl
The Honey Bees, The Bee 128 (16) Makkah
  • God’s creativeness:
    • Manifested in the instincts of the bee.
    • Culmination: Guidance through his revealed word.
17 Al-Isra ٱلْإِسْرَاء
al-ʾIsrāʾ
The Night Journey 111 (12) Makkah
  • Muhammad’s Night journey from Mecca to Jerusalem.
  • The children of Israel. (v. 2-8, 101-104)
15
18 Al-Kahf ٱلْكَهْف
al-Kahf
The Cave 110 (12) Makkah
  • A series of parables or allegories on the theme of faith in God versus excessive attachment to the life of this world. Including:
    • The men of the cave. (v. 13-20)
    • The rich man and the poor man. (v. 32-44)
    • Moses and the unnamed sage. (v. 60-82)
    • The allegory of Dhu’l-Qarnayn, the Two-Horned One’. (v. 83-98)
15-16
19 Maryam مَرْيَم
Maryam
Mary 98 (6) Makkah
  • The story of Zachariah and his son John, the precursor of Jesus. (v. 2-15)
  • The story of Mary and Jesus. (v. 16-37)
16
20 Ta-Ha طه
Ṭāʾ Hāʾ
Ṭāʾ Hāʾ (a name of Muhammad) 135 (8) Makkah
  • The guidance offered by God through his prophets.
  • The fundamental truths inherent in all revealed religions are identical.
    • The story of Moses. (v. 9-98)
21 Al-Anbiya ٱلْأَنْبِيَاء
al-ʾAnbiyāʾ
The Prophets 112 (7) Makkah
  • The oneness, uniqueness and transcendence of God.
  • The continuity and intrinsic unity of all divine revelation.
    • Stories of the prophets of old. (v. 48-91)
    • The believers of all faiths belong to one single community. (v. 92)
17
22 Al-Hajj ٱلْحَجّ
al-Ḥajj
The Pilgrimage, The Hajj 78 (10) Madinah
  • The Mecca pilgrimage and some of the rituals connected with it. (v. 25-38)
23 Al-Mu’minun ٱلْمُؤْمِنُون
al-Muʾminūn
The Believers 118 (6) Makkah
  • True faith.
  • The evidence of the existence of an almighty Creator, and man’s ultimate responsibility before Him.
  • The unity of all religious communities, broken by man’s egotism, greed and striving after power. (v. 52-53)
  • The impossibility to believe in God, without believing in life after death.
18
24 An-Nur ٱلنُّور
an-Nūr
The Light 64 (9) Madinah
  • Mutual relations and ethical rules between men and women.
  • The mystic parable of the ‘light of God’ (“Verse of Light”). (v. 35)
25 Al-Furqan ٱلْفُرْقَان
al-Furq̈ān
The Criterion, The Standard, The Standard of True and False 77 (6) Makkah
  • The purpose of every divine revelation is to provide a stable criterion of true and false.
  • The humanness of every apostle sent by God to man. (v. 20)
  • Divine revelation belongs to God’s creative activity.
18-19
26 Ash-Shu’ara ٱلشُّعَرَاء
aš-Šuʿarāʾ
The Poets 227 (11) Makkah
  • Man’s weakness, which causes him to reject God’s message and worship power and wealth etc.
19
27 An-Naml ٱلنَّمْل
an-Naml
The Ant, The Ants 93 (7) Makkah
  • The legend of king Solomon and queen of Sheba.
19-20
28 Al-Qasas ٱلْقَصَص
al-Q̈aṣaṣ
The Narrations, The Stories, The Story 88 (9) Makkah
  • Human aspects of the life of Moses.
20
29 Al-Ankabut ٱلْعَنْكَبُوت
al-ʿAnkabūt
The Spider 69 (7) Makkah
  • The parable of ‘the spider house’, a symbol of false beliefs that are destined to be blown away by the winds of truth. (v. 41)
20-21
30 Ar-Rum ٱلرُّوم
ar-Rūm
Rome, Byzantium 60 (6) Makkah
  • Predictions of the near victory of the Byzantines [over the Persians] and the Battle of Badr (2 A.H.). (v. 1-7)
  • God’s ability to resurrect the dead at the end of time, and the people’s ignorance of this.
21
31 Luqmaan لُقْمَان
Luq̈mān
Luqman 34 (4) Makkah
  • The story of Luqman, a legendary sage, counselling his son. (v. 12-19)
32 As-Sajda ٱلسَّجْدَة
as-Sajdah
The Prostration, Worship, Adoration 30 (3) Makkah
  • God’s creation.
  • God’s revelation and man’s acceptance or denial.
  • The Day of Judgement.
33 Al-Ahzaab ٱلْأَحْزَاب
al-ʾAḥzāb
The Clans, The Confederates, The Combined Forces 73 (9) Madinah
  • The War of the Confederates (5 A.H.). (v. 9-27)
  • The relationship between Muhammad and his family.
21-22
34 Saba (surah) سَبَأ
Sabaʾ
Sheba 54 (6) Makkah
  • The insignificance of the knowledge accessible to man. (v. 9)
  • The story of the people of Sheba, as an example of the impermanence of human power, wealth and glory. (v. 15-20)
  • Always be conscious of God. (v. 46)
22
35 Faatir فَاطِر
Fāṭir
The Originator 45 (5) Makkah
  • God’s power to create and resurrect.
  • God’s revelation of his will through his prophets.
36 Yaseen يس
Yāʾ Sīn
Yāʾ Sīn (a name of Muhammad) 83 (5) Makkah
  • Man’s moral responsibility, resurrection and God’s judgment.
  • To be recited over the dying and in the prayers of the dead.
22-23
37 As-Saaffaat ٱلصَّافَّات
aṣ-Ṣāffāt
Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks, Those Ranged in Ranks 182 (5) Makkah
  • Resurrection and the certainty that all human beings will have to answer before God.
  • Man’s constant need of prophetic guidance.
    • Stories of earlier prophets. (v. 75-148)
23
38 Saad ص
Ṣād
Ṣād 88 (5) Makkah
  • Divine guidance and its rejection by those who are lost in fast pride.
39 Az-Zumar ٱلزُّمَر
az-Zumar
The Crowds, The Troops, Throngs 75 (8) Makkah
  • The evidence of the existence and oneness of God in all manifestations of nature.
  • God forgives all sins to him who repents before his death.
  • Allegories of the Last Hour and the Day of Judgment.
23-24
40 Ghafir غَافِر
Ghāfir
The Forgiver (God), Forgiving 85 (9) Makkah
  • Man’s false pride, worship of false values (wealth, power etc.) and his denial of divine guidance.
    • Stories of earlier prophets.
24
41 Fussilat فُصِّلَت
Fuṣṣilat
Expounded, Explained In Detail, Clearly Spelled Out 54 (6) Makkah
  • Man’s acceptance or rejection of divine revelation.
24-25
42 Ash_Shooraa ٱلشُّورىٰ
aš-Šūrā
The Consultation 53 (5) Makkah
  • God is undefinable and unfathomable. (v. 11, 16)
  • All prophets taught the oneness of God, so all believers of all ‘denominations’ should see themselves as ‘one single community’. (v. 13, 15)
  • The law of cause and effect: In the life to come man will only harvest ‘what his own hands have wrought’ in this world.
25
43 Az-Zukhruf ٱلْزُّخْرُف
az-Zukhruf
The Gold Adornments, The Ornaments of Gold, Luxury, Gold 89 (7) Makkah
  • To equal anyone or anything with God is spiritually destructive and logically unacceptable.
  • People’s blind adherence to the faith of their forefathers. (v. 22-23)
44 Ad-Dukhaan ٱلدُّخَان
ad-Dukhān
The Smoke 59 (3) Makkah
  • Through revelation worldly pride is eventually brought to naught.
45 Al-Jaathiyah ٱلْجَاثِيَة
al-Jāthiyah
The Kneeling Down, Crouching 37 (4) Makkah
  • The humility with which all human beings will face their final judgment on resurrection. (v. 28)
46 Al-Ahqaaf ٱلْأَحْقَاف
al-ʾAḥq̈āf
Winding Sand-tracts, The Dunes, The Sand-Dunes 35 (4 1/2) Makkah
  • Warning the disbelievers of their miserable fate, and reassuring the believers of their salvation.
26
47 Muhammad مُحَمَّد
Muḥammad
Muhammad 38 (4) Madinah
  • Fighting (qital) in God’s cause.
  • Instructions for Muslims to be virtuous to their parents.
  • The Story of Hud and the punishment of that befell his people.
  • Advising Muhammad to be more patient in delivering Islam
48 Al-Fath ٱلْفَتْح
al-Fatḥ
The Victory, Conquest 29 (4 1/2) Madinah
  • The Truce of Hudaybiyyah (6 A.H.).
49 Al-Hujuraat ٱلْحُجُرَات
al-Ḥujurāt
The Private Apartments, The Inner Apartments 18 (2 1/2) Madinah
  • Social ethics.
    • Reverence to Muhammad and the righteous leaders after him.
    • The brotherhood of all believers and all mankind. (v. 10, 13)
    • The difference between true faith and outward observance of religious formalities. (v. 14 ff.)
50 Qaaf ق
Q̈āf
Q̈āf 45 (3) Makkah
  • Death and resurrection.
  • God is closer to man than his neck-vein. (v. 16)
51 Adh-Dhaariyaat ٱلذَّارِيَات
aḏ-Ḏāriyāt
The Wind That Scatter, The Winnowing Winds, The Dust-Scattering Winds 60 (2 1/2) Makkah
  • Destruction of those who denied the messengers, and a warning for those who deny the truth.
26-27
52 At-Toor ٱلطُّور
aṭ-Ṭūr
The Mount, Mount Sinai 49 (2 1/2) Makkah 27
53 An-Najm ٱلنَّجْم
an-Najm
The Star, The Unfolding 62 (2 1/2) Makkah
  • Muhammad’s experience of an ascension to heaven (Mi’raj, including his vision of the Sidrat al-Muntaha, the Lote-Tree of the Extremity). (v. 13-18)
54 Al-Qamar ٱلْقَمَر
al-Q̈amar
The Moon 55 (2 1/2) Makkah
55 Ar-Rahman ٱلرَّحْمَٰن
ar-Raḥmān
The Most Merciful, The Most Gracious 78 (3) Madinah
  • Everything will pass away, except the face of God. (v. 26-27)
  • Description of paradise. (v. 46-78)
56 Al-Waqi’a ٱلْوَاقِعَة
al-Wāqiʿah
The Inevitable, The Event, That Which Must Come to Pass 96 (3 1/2) Makkah
  • Description of life in the Hereafter for the believers and the disblievers.
57 Al-Hadeed ٱلْحَدِيد
al-Ḥadīd
The Iron 29 (4) Madinah
58 Al-Mujadila ٱلْمُجَادِلَة
al-Mujādilah
The Pleading, The Pleading Woman 22 (3 1/2) Madinah
  • Divorce.
  • Faith and denial.
  • Hypocrisy.
  • The attitude believers should have toward non-believers.
28
59 Al-Hashr ٱلْحَشْر
al-Ḥašr
The Mustering, The Gathering, Exile, Banishment 24 (3 1/2) Madinah
  • The conflict between the Muslim coummunity and the Jewish tribe of Banu’n-Nadir of Medina.
60 Al-Mumtahanah ٱلْمُمْتَحَنَة
al-Mumtaḥanah
The Examined One, She That Is To Be Examined 13 (2 1/2) Madinah
  • The believers’ relations with unbelievers.
61 As-Saff ٱلصَّفّ
aṣ-Ṣaff
The Ranks, Battle Array 14 (1 1/2 Madinah
  • A call to unity between professed belief and actual behaviour.
62 Al-Jumu’ah ٱلْجُمُعَة
al-Jumuʿah
Congregation, Friday 11 (1 1/2 Madinah
  • Obligatory congregational prayer on Friday.
63 Al-Munafiqoon ٱلْمُنَافِقُون
al-Munāfiq̈ūn
The Hypocrites 11 (1 1/2) Madinah
  • Hypocrisy.
64 At-Taghabun ٱلتَّغَابُن
at-Taghābun
The Cheating, The Mutual Disillusion, The Mutual Loss and Gain, Loss and Gain 18 (2) Madinah
65 At-Talaq ٱلطَّلَاق
aṭ-Ṭalāq̈
Divorce 12 (2) Madinah
  • Divorce (waiting period, remarriage).
66 At-Tahreem ٱلتَّحْرِيم
at-Taḥrīm
The Prohibition 12 (2) Madinah
  • Certain aspects of Muhammad’s personal and family life.
67 Al-Mulk ٱلْمُلْك
al-Mulk
The Dominion, Sovereignty, Control 30 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • Man’s inability to understand the mysteries of the universe, and his dependence on guidance through divine revelation.
  • The manifestation of Gods’ absolute perfection in creation through the fine tuning of the universe.
29
68 Al-Qalam ٱلْقَلَم
al-Q̈alam
The Pen 52 (2) Makkah
69 Al-Haaqqa ٱلْحَاقَّة
al-Ḥāq̈q̈ah
The Sure Reality, The Laying-Bare of the Truth 52 (2) Makkah
70 Al-Ma’aarij ٱلْمَعَارِج
al-Maʿārij
The Ways of Ascent, The Ascending Stairways 44 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • The unwillingness to believe, caused by the restlessness inherent in human nature.
71 Nooh نُوح
Nūḥ
Noah 28 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • The story of Noah.
    • The struggle against blind materialism and the lack of spiritual values.
72 Al-Jinn ٱلْجِنّ
al-Jinn
The Jinn, The Spirits, The Unseen Beings 28 (2) Makkah
73 Al-Muzzammil ٱلْمُزَّمِّل
al-Muzzammil
The Enfolded One, The Enshrouded One, Bundled Up, The Enwrapped One 20 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • Loosening the strict regulation on night prayer.
74 Al-Muddaththir ٱلْمُدَّثِّر
al-Muddathir
The One Wrapped Up, The Cloaked One, The Man Wearing A Cloak, The Enfolded One 56 (2) Makkah
  • This short early surah outlines almost all fundamental Qur’anic concepts.
  • Gods’ promise of eternal damnation for the disbelievers.
75 Al-Qiyamah ٱلْقِيَامَة
al-Q̈iyamah
Resurrection, The Day of Resurrection, Rising Of The Dead 40 (1) Makkah
  • The concept of resurrection.
76 Al-Insaan ٱلْإِنْسَان
al-ʾInsān
The Human, Man 31 (2) Madinah
77 Al-Mursalaat المرسلات ٱلْمُرْسَلَات
al-Mursalāt
Those Sent Forth, The Emissaries, Winds Sent Forth 50 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • The gradual revelation of the Qur’an.
78 An-Naba’ ٱلنَّبَأ
an-Nabaʾ
The Great News, The Announcement, The Tiding 40 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • Life after death.
  • Resurrection and God’s ultimate judgment.
30
79 An-Naazi’aat ٱلنَّازِعَات
an-Nāziʿāt
Those Who Tear Out, Those Who Drag Forth, Soul-snatchers, Those That Rise 46 (1 1/2) Makkah
80 Abasa عَبَسَ
ʿAbasa
He Frowned 42 (1) Makkah
81 At-Takweer ٱلتَّكْوِير
at-Takwīr
The Folding Up, The Overthrowing, Shrouding in Darkness 29 (1) Makkah
  • The Last Hour and man’s resurrection.
82 Al-Infitar ٱلْإِنْفِطَار
al-ʾInfiṭār
The Cleaving Asunder, Bursting Apart 19 (1/2) Makkah
83 Al-Mutaffifeen ٱلْمُطَفِّفِين
al-Muṭaffifīn
The Dealers in Fraud, Defrauding, The Cheats, Those Who Give Short Measure 36 (1) Makkah
84 Al-Inshiqaaq ٱلْإِنْشِقَاق
al-ʾInšiq̈āq̈
The Rending Asunder, The Sundering, Splitting Open, The Splitting Asunder 25 (1) Makkah
85 Al-Burooj ٱلْبُرُوج
al-Burūj
The Mansions Of The Stars, The Constellations, The Great Constellations 22 (1) Makkah
86 At-Taariq ٱلطَّارِق
aṭ-Ṭāriq̈
The Night-Visitant, The Morning Star, The Nightcomer, That Which Comes in the Night 17 (1/2) Makkah
87 Al-A’laa ٱلْأَعْلَىٰ
al-ʾAʿlā
The Most High, The All-Highest, Glory To Your Lord In The Highest 19 (1/2) Makkah
88 Al-Ghaashiyah ٱلْغَاشِيَة
al-Ghāšiyah
The Overwhelming Event, The Overshadowing Event, The Pall 26 (1) Makkah
89 Al-Fajr ٱلْفَجْر
al-Fajr
The Break of Day, The Daybreak, The Dawn 30 (1) Makkah
90 Al-Balad ٱلْبَلَد
al-Balad
The City, The Land 20 (1/2) Makkah
91 Ash-Shams ٱلشَّمْس
aš-Šams
The Sun 15 (1/2) Makkah
92 Al-Layl ٱللَّيْل
al-Layl
The Night 21 (1/2) Makkah
93 Ad-Dhuha ٱلضُّحَىٰ
aḍ-Ḍuḥā
The Glorious Morning Light, The Forenoon, Morning Hours, Morning Bright, The Bright Morning Hours 11 (1/2) Makkah
  • Man’s suffering and God’s justice.
  • A message of hope and consolation is given to man from Allah’s past mercies.
  • Man is bidden to pursue the path of goodness and proclaim the bounties of Allah.
  • Prophecy regarding the good future for Muhammad.
94 Ash-Sharh (Al-Inshirah) ٱلشَّرْح
aš-Šarḥ
The Expansion of Breast, Solace, Consolation, Relief, Patient, The Opening-Up of the Heart 8 (1/3) Makkah
95 At-Teen ٱلتِّين
at-Tīn
The Fig Tree, The Fig 8 (1/3) Makkah
  • A fundamental moral verity, common to all true religious teachings.
96 Al-Alaq ٱلْعَلَق
al-ʿAlaq̈
The Clinging Clot, Clot of Blood, The Germ-Cell 19 (1/2) Makkah
  • The first five verses revealed to Muhammad. (v. 1-5)
97 Al-Qadr ٱلْقَدْر
al-Q̈adr
The Night of Honor, The Night of Decree, Power, Fate, Destiny 5 (1/3) Makkah The Night of Laylat-ul-Qadr
98 Al-Bayyinahh ٱلْبَيِّنَة
al-Bayyinah
The Clear Evidence, The Evidence of the Truth 8 (1) Madinah
99 Az-Zalzalah ٱلزَّلْزَلَة
Az-Zalzalah
The Earthquake 8 (1/3) Madinah
100 Al-‘Aadiyaat ٱلْعَادِيَات
al-ʿĀdiyāt
The Courser, The Chargers, The War Horse 11 (1/3) Makkah
101 Al-Qaari’ah ٱلْقَارِعَة
al-Q̈āriʿah
The Striking Hour, The Great Calamity, The Stunning Blow, The Sudden Calamity 11 (1/3) Makkah
102 At-Takaathur ٱلتَّكَاثُر
at-Takāthur
The Piling Up, Rivalry in World Increase, Competition, Greed for More and More 8 (1/3) Makkah
  • Man’s greed and tendencies.
103 Al-‘Asr ٱلْعَصْر
al-ʿAṣr
The Time, The Declining Day, The Epoch, The Flight of Time, Success Criteria 3 (1/3) Makkah
104 Al-Humazah ٱلْهُمَزَة
al-Humazah
The Scandalmonger, The Traducer, The Gossipmonger, The Slanderer 9 (1/3) Makkah
105 Al-Feel ٱلْفِيل
al-Fīl
The Elephant 5 (1/3) Makkah
  • The Abyssinian attack against Mecca in the year 570 CE, the Year of the Elephant.
106 Quraysh قُرَيْش
Q̈urayš
The Quraysh 4 (1/3) Makkah
  • The Quraysh, custodians of the Kaaba, should be thankful to God for protecting them from hunger and danger.
107 Al-Maa’oon ٱلْمَاعُون
al-Maʿūn
The Neighbourly Assistance, Small Kindnesses, Almsgiving, Assistance 7 (1/3) Makkah
  • The meaning of true worship through sincere devotion and helping those in need.
108 Al-Kawthar ٱلْكَوْثَر
al-Kawthar
Abundance, Plenty, Good in Abundance 3 (1/3) Makkah
  • Spiritual riches through devotion and sacrifice.
  • Hatred results in the cutting off of all hope.
109 Al-Kaafiroon ٱلْكَافِرُون
al-Kāfirūn
The Disbelievers, The Kuffar, Those Who Deny the Truth 6 (1/3) Makkah
  • The correct attitude towards those who reject faith.
110 An-Nasr ٱلنَّصْر
an-Naṣr
The Help, Divine Support, Victory, Succour 3 (1/3) Madinah
  • The last complete surah revealed before Muhammad’s death.
111 Al-Masad ٱلْمَسَد
al-Masad
The Plaited Rope, The Palm Fibre, The Twisted Strands 5 (1/3) Makkah
  • The hostility of Muhammad’s uncle Abu Lahab.
112 Al-Ikhlaas ٱلْإِخْلَاص
al-ʾIkhlāṣ
Purity of Faith, The Fidelity, The Declaration of [God’s] Perfection 4 (1/3) Makkah
  • The oneness of God.
113 Al-Falaq ٱلْفَلَق
al-Falaq̈
The Daybreak, Dawn, The Rising Dawn 5 (1/3) Makkah
  • Seek refuge in God from evil of others.
114 Al-Naas ٱلنَّاس
an-Nās
Mankind, Men 6 (1/3) Makkah
  • Trust in God’s protection from temptations.

See also

Citations

Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia