Some Attributes of God in Quran

God is extensively described in the Quran. The Quran is one of the main source of knowledge about Allah’s Essences and Attributes.

For example:

“Say: He is God, the One; God, the Eternal, the Absolute; He begot no one, nor is He begotten; Nor is there to Him equivalent anyone.”.” (Surah Al-Ikhlas – 112:1-3)

In the Qur’an a number of different names are used for Allah. These names, or adjectives, give Muslims an insight into the nature of what Allah is like.

Allah

Allah

The scholars of Islamic theology have dealt with Divine Attributes of Glory within the categories of the Essential Attributes, the Positive or Affirmative Attributes, the Attributes in the negative or the Attributes of Exemption or Freedom, the  Attributes of Action, and the Attributes to which the Qur’an or the Prophet refer figuratively; these last usually have a figurative meaning, such as God’s establishing Himself on the Supreme Divine Throne, Coming, (Having) Hands, Face, Eye(s), and so on.

Whatever we say or can say concerning the Divine Being can only be concerned with His Acts and Names, and in a sense, His Attributes. As for the  All-Holy Essence, He is absolutely beyond our comprehension. For this reason, thinking or putting forward opinions about Him is something regarded as risky and it is forbidden. Declaring,

Eyes comprehend Him not, but He comprehends all eyes. He is the All-Subtle (penetrating everything no matter how small), the All-Aware (6:103),

the holy Qur’an indicates the final point to which we can go in this respect and reminds that One Who is the All-Encompassing or All-Comprehending cannot be encompassed or comprehended.

Allah's names and attributes in the Quran.

Allah’s names and attributes in the Quran.

Here are some samples from the Quran about the Attributes of God:

In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful. [Quran 1:1] (Allah, Al-Rahman, Al-Raheem)

Praise be to God, Lord of the universe. [Quran 1:2] (Rabbul-Alameen)

Master of the Day of Judgment. [Quran 1:4] (Maliki yawmiddeen)

To God belongs the east and the west; wherever you go there will be the presence of God. God is Omnipresent, Omniscient. [Quran 2:115] (Wasea)

As for those who repent, reform, and proclaim, I redeem them. I am the Redeemer, Most Merciful. [Quran 2:160] (Al-Tawwab)

God: there is no god except He; the Living, the Eternal. [Quran 3:2] (Al-Hay, Al-Qayioom)

…. before that, to guide the people, and He sent down the statute book. Those who disbelieve in God’s revelations incur severe retribution. God is Almighty, Avenger. [Quran 3:4]

He is the One who shapes you in the wombs as He wills. There is no other god besides Him; the Almighty, Most Wise. [Quran 3:6] (Al-Azeez, Al-Hakeem)

Say, “Our god: possessor of all sovereignty. You grant sovereignty to whomever You choose, You remove sovereignty from whomever You choose. You grant dignity to whomever You choose, and commit to humiliation whomever You choose. In Your hand are all provisions. You are Omnipotent. [Quran 3:26] (Kadeer)

O people, observe your Lord; the One who created you from one being, and created from it its mate, then spread from the two many men and women. You shall regard God, by whom you swear, and regard the parents. God is watching over you. [Quran 4:1] (Raqeeb)

He is Supreme over His creatures. He is the Most Wise, the Cognizant. [Quran 6:18] (Al-Qaher)

Such is God your Lord, there is no god except He, the Creator of all things. You shall worship Him alone. He is in control of all things. [Quran 6:102]

Your only Lord is God; the One who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then assumed all authority. He controls all matters. There is no intercessor, except in accordance with His will. Such is God your Lord. You shall worship Him. Would you not take heed? [Quran 10:3]

Such is God, your rightful Lord. What is there after the truth, except falsehood? How could you disregard all this? [Quran 10:32]

To Thamoud we sent their brother Saaleh. He said, “O my people, worship God; you have no other god beside Him. He initiated you from the earth, then settled you in it. You shall seek His forgiveness, then repent to Him. My Lord is always Near, Responsive.” [Quran 11:61] (Qareeb, Mujeeb)

They said,”Do you find it strange for God? God has bestowed His mercy and blessings upon you, O inhabitants of the shrine. He is Praiseworthy, Glorious.” [Quran 11:73] (Hameed, Majeed)

…. God is the best Protector, and, of all the merciful ones, He is the Most Merciful.” [Quran 12:64] (Khayru Hafethan)

The Knower of all secrets and declarations; the Supreme, the Most High. [Quran 13:9] (Aalemul ghaybi washshahadah, Al-Mutaal)

The day will come when this earth will be substituted with a new earth, and also the heavens, and everyone will be brought before God, the One, the Supreme. [Quran 14:48] (Al-Wahed, Al-Qahhar)

He created the heavens and the earth for a specific purpose. He is much too High, far above any idols they set up. [Quran 16:3]

Most glorified is the One who summoned His servant (Muhammad) during the night, from the Sacred Masjid (of Mecca) to the farthest place of prostration, whose surroundings we have blessed, in order to show him some of our signs. He is the Hearer, the Seer. [Quran 17:1] (Al-Sameea, Al-Baseer)

And Zachariah implored his Lord: “My Lord, do not keep me without an heir, though You are the best inheritor.” [Quran 21:89] (Khayrul waretheen)

Those who emigrate for the sake of God, then get killed, or die, God will surely shower them with good provisions. God is certainly the best Provider. [Quran 22:58] (Khairul razeqeen)

Most assuredly, He will admit them an admittance that will please them. God is Omniscient, Clement. [Quran 22:59] (Aleem, Haleem)

It is decreed that if one avenges an injustice that was inflicted upon him, equitably, then he is persecuted because of this, God will surely support him. God is Pardoner, Forgiving. [Quran 22:60] (Afuw, Ghafoor)

It is a fact that God is the Truth (Al-Haq), while the setting up of any idols beside Him constitutes a falsehood, and that God is the Most High, the Supreme. [Quran 22:62] (Al- Alei, Al-Kabeer)

To Him belongs everything in the heavens and everything on earth. Absolutely, God is the Most Rich, Most Praiseworthy. [Quran 22:63] (Al-Ghanei, Al-Hameed)

Do you not see that God sends down from the sky water that turns the land green? God is Sublime, Cognizant. [Quran 22:64] (Lateef, Khabeer)

They do not value God as He should be valued. God is the Most Powerful, the Almighty. [Quran 22:74] (Al-Qawei)

Those who deliver God’s messages, and who reverence Him alone, shall never fear anyone but God. God is the most efficient reckoner. [Quran 33:39] (Haseeb)

Say, “Our Lord will gather us all together before Him, then He will judge between us equitably. He is the Judge, the Omniscient.” [Quran 34:26] (Al-Fattah)

He merges the night into the day, and merges the day into the night. He has committed the sun and the moon to run for a predetermined period of time. Such is God your Lord; to Him belongs all kingship. Any idols you set up beside Him do not possess as much as a seed’s shell. [Quran 35:13]

Do they own the treasures of mercy of your Lord, the Almighty, the Grantor. [Quran 38:9] (Al-Wahhab)

He created you from one person, then created from him his mate. He sent down to you eight kinds of livestock. He creates you in your mothers’ bellies, creation after creation, in trimesters of darkness. Such is God your Lord. To Him belongs all sovereignty. There is no other god beside Him. How could you deviate? [Quran 39:6]

They can never fathom the greatness of God. The whole earth is within His fist on the Day of Resurrection. In fact, the universes are folded within His right hand. Be He glorified; He is much too high above needing any partners. [Quran 39:67]

Possessor of the highest ranks, and Ruler of the whole dominion. He sends inspiration, bearing His commands, to whomever He chooses from among His servants, to warn about the Day of Summoning. [Quran 40:15] (Rafeeu al-daragat, Thul Arsh)

Such is God your Lord, the Creator of all things. There is no god except He. How could you deviate? [Quran 40:62]

God is the One who rendered the earth habitable for you, and the sky a formidable structure, and He designed you, and designed you well. He is the One who provides you with good provisions. Such is God your Lord; Most Exalted is God, Lord of the universe. [Quran 40:64]

We will show them our proofs in the horizons, and within themselves, until they realize that this is the truth.* Is your Lord not sufficient as a Witness of all things? [Quran 41:53] (Shaheed)

God is the Provider, the Possessor of all power, the Supreme. [Quran 51:58] (Al-Razzaq, Thul quwwah, Al-Mateen)

Most exalted is the name of your Lord, Possessor of Majesty and Honor. [Quran 55:78] (Thul jalaal, Thul Ikram)

You shall glorify the name of your Lord, the Great. [Quran 56:96] (Al-Atheem)

He is the Alpha and the Omega. He is the Outermost and the Innermost. He is fully aware of all things. [Quran 57:3] (Al-Awwal, Al-Aakher, Al-Thaher, Al-Baten)

He is the One God; there is no other god beside Him. The King, the Most Sacred, the Peace, the Most Faithful, the Supreme, the Almighty, the Most Powerful, the Most Dignified. God be glorified; far above having partners. [Quran 59:23] (Al-Malik, Al- Quddoos, Al-Salaam, Al-Moumen, Al-Muhaymen, Al-Azeez, Al-Jabbar, Al-Mutakabber)

He is the One God; the Creator, the Initiator, the Designer. To Him belong the most beautiful names. Glorifying Him is everything in the heavens and the earth. He is the Almighty, Most Wise. [Quran 59:24]  (Al-Khaliq, Al-Barea, Al-Musawwer)

Such is God’s grace that He bestows upon whomever He wills. God is Possessor of Infinite Grace. [Quran 62:4] (Thul fadl alatheem)

If you lend God a loan of righteousness, He will multiply the reward for you manifold, and forgive you. God is Appreciative, Clement. [Quran 64:17] (Al-Shakoor, Al-Haleem)

O you human being, what diverted you from your Lord Most Honorable? [Quran 82:6] (Al-Kareem)

And He is the Forgiving, Most Kind. [Quran 85:14] (Al-Ghafoor, Al-Wadood)

Proclaim, “He is the One and only God. [Quran 112:1] (Ahad)

“The Absolute God. [Quran 112:2] (Al-Samad)

See also

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