Islamic Sacred Texts

The Quran and the Hadith are the two major texts of Islam. These books teach and illustrate Islamic beliefs, values, and practices. They are also important historical documents (especially the Quran), which tell the story of the origins of the Islamic faith.

 

The Quran is the most sacred text, as it is believed to be the literal word of God (Allah) as revealed to Muhammad. The text of the Qur’an consists of 114 chapters of varying lengths, each known as a Surah. Each surah is formed from several verses, called ayahs.

 

The Hadith is a secondary text that records sayings of Muhammad and his followers. These two texts form the basis for all Islamic theology, practice and Sharia (Islamic law).

 

Sunnah denotes the practice of Islamic prophet Muhammad  that he taught and practically instituted as a teacher of the sharī‘ah and the best exemplar.

 

Al-sīra al-Nabawiyya (Prophetic biography) is the traditional Muslim biographies of Muhammad from which, in addition to the Quran and trustable Hadiths, most historical information about his life and the early period of Islam is derived.

“Beware of debt, for surely it causes grief during the night and humiliation during the day.”

Prophet Muhammad’s Sayings

Prophet Muhammad’s Sayings in English and Arabic We have collected and put his best Prophet Muhammad‘s Sayings ﷺ. Enjoy reading these insights and feel free to share this page on your social media to inspire others. May these sayings of the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ on many subjects inspire you to never...

Fi Dhilal Al Qur'an

Fi Dhilal Al Qur’an

Fi Dhilal Al Qur’an Fi Zilal al-Qur’an (في ظِلالِ القرآن‎, fī ẓilāl al-qur’ān, lit. ‘In the Shade of the Qur’an‘) is a highly influential commentary of the Qur’an, written during 1951-1965 by the Egyptian Sayyid Qutb (1906-1966), a leader within the Muslim Brotherhood. He wrote (or re-wrote) most of the original 30 volumes (114 Surahs) while in prison...

Said Nursi’s Risale-i Nur

Risale-i Nur

Risale-i Nur The Risale-i Nur Collection (Risale-i Nur Külliyatı, رسالة نور كلىاتي‎) is a tafsir (Islamic exegesis) on the Qur’an written by Bediuzzaman Said Nursi, a Kurd from Bitlis region of Turkey between the 1910s and 1950s. The commentary does not keep to the order of the ayah as is done in classic Islamic exegesis, as it makes comments on...

Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal (مسند أحمد بن حنبل‎) is a collection of hadith compiled by the Islamic scholar Ahmad ibn Hanbal (d. 241 AH/855 AD) to whom the Hanbali fiqh (legislation) is attributed. Description It is one of the largest hadith book written in Islamic History containing more than twenty seven thousand (27000) hadiths...

Islamic books

List of Tafsir Works

List of Tafsir Works The following is a list of tafsir works. Tafsir is a body of commentary and explication, aimed at explaining the meanings of the Qur’an, the central religious text of Islam. Tafsir can broadly be categorized by its affiliated Islamic schools and branches and the era it was published, classic or modern. Modern...

The Qur'an

Violence in the Quran

Violence in the Quran The Quran contains verses believed by Muslims to be revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad at different times and under different circumstances – some exhorting violence against enemies and others urging restraint and conciliation. Because some verses abrogate others, and because some are thought to be general commands while other refer to specific enemies, how...

The Holy Quran - Divine revelation from Allah

Asbab al-nuzul

Asbab al-nuzul Asbab al-nuzul or occasions or circumstances of revelation (asbāb al-nuzūl, أسباب النزول) names the historical context in which Quranic verses were revealed from the perspective of traditional Islam. Though of some use in reconstructing the Qur’an’s historicity, asbāb is by nature an exegetical rather than a historiographical genre, and as such usually associates the verses it explicates with general situations...

Quran Book Holy Muslim Islamic Islam Religion

Outline of Islamic Texts

Outline of Islamic Texts The outline of Islamic texts gives readers many informative articles about Islam’s holy books. The Quran and the Hadith are the two major texts of Islam. These books teach and illustrate Islamic beliefs, values, and practices. They are also important historical documents (especially the Quran), which...

Hadith Collections

List of Hadith Collections

List of Hadith Collections The following is a list of Hadith collections, which are sources that contain the sayings, acts or tacit approvals, validly or invalidly, ascribed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and collected by Muhaddiths. Hadith have been called “the backbone” of Islamic civilization, and within that religion the authority of hadith as...

Muhammad sallallahu Alaihi wasallam

Sunnah

Sunnah In Islam, Sunnah (سنة‎, sunnah, plural سنن‎, sunan), also sunna or sunnat are the traditions and practices of the Islamic prophet, Muhammad, that constitute a model for Muslims to follow. The sunnah is what all the Muslims of Muhammad’s time, evidently saw and followed and passed on to the next generations. According to classical Islamic theories,...

Allah's names and attributes in the Quran.

List of Chapters in The Quran

List of Chapters in The Quran The Quran is divided into Surahs (chapters) and further divided into Ayahs (verses). The real translation of the word Ayat is actually “Sign [of Allah]”. For a preliminary discussion about the chronological order of chapters see page Surah. Each surah, except for the ninth is preceded by the phrase bismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīm (“In...

Apocalypse- end times

The Book of Al-Fitan

The Book of Al-Fitan The Book of Al-Fitan or Kitab al-Fitan (کتاب الفتن) or Kitab al Fitan wal Malahem meaning “The Book of Tribulations and War” is a collection of Hadith dealing with end times authored by Muḥammad ibn Ismā‘īl al-Bukhārī. The Book mentions various apocalyptic prophecies of the prophet...

Allah's names and attributes in the Quran.

Challenge of The Quran

Challenge of The Quran The challenge of the Quran or Tahaddi (التحدي في القرآن‎, al-tahaddi fi al-Quran), in Islamic theology, refers to a challenge proposed in the Quran. It requests non-Muslims among both humans and jinn to produce either a chapter or multiple chapters like those within the holy book, with the aim of proving the...

Sahih al-Bukhari

Sahih al-Bukhari

Sahih al-Bukhari Sahih al-Bukhari or  Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī (صحيح البخاري‎) is one of the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections) of Sunni Islam. Whereas, out of all these six major books, the collection of prophetic traditions, or hadith for Sahih al-Bukhari, was performed by the Muslim scholar Muhammad al-Bukhari. It was completed around 846 CE / 232 AH. Sunni...

Sahih Muslim Cover

Sahih Muslim

Sahih Muslim Sahih Muslim (صحيح مسلم‎ , Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim; full title: Al-Musnadu Al-Sahihu bi Naklil Adli) is one of the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections) in Sunni Islam. It is highly acclaimed by Sunni Muslims as well as Zaidi Shia Muslims. It is considered the second most authentic hadith collection after Sahih al-Bukhari. It was collected by Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj, also known...

Sunan ibn Majah

Sunan ibn Majah

Sunan ibn Majah Sunan ibn Majah or Sunan Ibn Mājah (سُنن ابن ماجه‎) is one of the six major Sunni hadith collections (Kutub al-Sittah). The Sunan was authored by Ibn Mājah (b. 209/824, d. 273/887). Description It contains over 4,000 aḥādīth in 32 books (kutub) divided into 1,500 chapters (abwāb). About 20 of the traditions it contains were later declared to be...

Sunan Abu Dawood

Sunan Abu Dawood

Sunan Abu Dawood Sunan Abu Dawood (سنن أبي داود‎, Sunan Abī Dāwūd) is one of the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadith collections), collected by Abu Dawood. Introduction Abu Dawood compiled twenty-one books related to Hadith and preferred those ahadith which were supported by the example of the companions of Muhammad. As...

Jami` at-Tirmidhi

Jami` at-Tirmidhi

Jami` at-Tirmidhi Jami’ at-Tirmidhi (جامع الترمذي‎), also known as Sunan at-Tirmidhi, is one of “the six books” (Kutub al-Sittah – the six major hadith collections). It was collected by Al-Tirmidhi. He began compiling it after the year 250 A.H. (A.D. 864/5) and completed it on the 10 Dhu-al-Hijjah 270 A.H. (A.D. 884, June 9). Title...

Sunan an-Nasa'i

Sunan an-Nasa’i 

Sunan an-Nasa’i Al-Sunan al-Sughra (السنن الصغرى‎), also known as Sunan an-Nasa’i (سنن النسائي‎), is one of the Kutub al-Sittah (six major hadiths), and was collected by Al-Nasa’i (214 – 303 AH; c. 829 – 915 CE). Description Sunnis regard this collection as the fifth most important of their six major Hadith...

Muwatta Imam Malik

Muwatta Imam Malik

Muwatta Imam Malik The Muwaṭṭaʾ (الموطأ‎, “well-trodden path”) or Muwatta Imam Malik (موطأ الإمام مالك‎) of Imam Malik (711-795) written in the 8th-century, is the earliest collection of hadith texts comprising the subjects of Islamic law, compiled by the Imam, Malik ibn Anas. Malik’s best-known work, Al-Muwatta was the first legal work to incorporate and combine hadith and fiqh (except...