The Qur’an With Annotated Interpretation

The Qur’an with Annotated Interpretation in Modern English is an English translation of the meanings of Qur’an written by Turkish Sunni Muslim scholar Ali Ünal. First published in 2006.

The translation comes with interpretation and exposition on the meaning of Qur’anic verses in conjunction with Asbab al-Nuzul (the reasons for revelation or the circumstances of revelation) with extensive notes of explanation borrowed from various authoritative sources on the tafsir of the Qur’an. As Fethullah Gülen notes in his foreword to this work, Ünal “aims to present, for the benefit of everyone, any truth which he has found to be in compliance with the essentials of Islam.”

The Qur'an with Annotated Interpretation in Modern English

The Qur’an with Annotated Interpretation in Modern English

The work focuses particularly on the scientific facts of the Qur’an, the proofs for God’s existence, and the purpose of life.

The whole work was translated into Spanish by Ali Laraki and Juan Pedro Andújar García in 2009, under the title of El Sagrado Corán y Su Interpretación Comentada (The Holy Quran and its Interpretation Commented).

Literal translations of the Qur’an, may often sound irrelevant and fail to correspond to the original meaning. Therefore, many scholars recommend studying the Qur’an through interpretations with commentaries that deal with the reasons for revelation (asbab al-nudhul) and notes for specific references.


IntroductionOn The Holy Qur’ān And Its Interpretation

The translation is praised and recommended by Fetullah Gülen in his introduction to the work. In Islam & Science, Waleed Bleyhesh al-Amri wrote that Ünal appeared “fully conversant with Qurʾānic scholarship, both classical and recent, and with the norms of writing tafsīr”. However, he believed that Ünal’s translation contained too many explanatory parentheticals. On the book-cover, Bernadette Andrea, B. Jill Carroll, Robert Hunt, and Scott C. Alexander also express their praise.

In this section you will find the whole text of this book written by Turkish scholar Ali Ünal.

# Anglicized title(s) Arabic title(s) English title(s)  Verses Place of Revelation Main theme
1 Al-Fatiha ٱلْفَاتِحَة
al-Fātiḥah al Hamd
The Opening, The Opening of the Divine Writ, The Essence of the Divine Writ, The Surah of Praise, The Foundation of the Qur’an, andThe Seven Oft-Repeated [Verses] 7 (1) Makkah
  • The “seed” of the whole Qur’ān
2 Al-Baqarah ٱلْبَقَرَة
The Calf, The Cow 286 (40) Madinah
  • The necessity of God-consciousness.
  • The error(s) committed by followers of earlier revelations.
  • Legal ordinances (ethics, social relations, warfare etc.).
  • Ibrahim.
  • Kaaba.
  • Ayatul Kursi. (v. 255)
3 Al Imran آلِ عِمْرَان
ʾĀl ʿImrān
The Family of Imraan, The House of ʿImrān 200 (20) Madinah
  • The human nature of Isa.
  • The oneness of Allah.
  • Man’s faith and temptations.
  • The Battle of Uhud (3 AH).
4 An-Nisa ٱلنِّسَاء
The Women 176 (24) Madinah
  • Unity of the human race and the mutual obligations of men and women towards one another. (v. 1)
  • Rights of women.
  • Questions related to family life (including marriage and inheritance).
  • Peace and war.
  • Relations of believers with unbelievers.
  • Striving in the Cause of Allah (Jihad). (v. 95-97)
5 Al-Ma’idah ٱلْمَائِدَة
The Food, The Repast, The Table 120 (16) Madinah
  • A series of ordinances (incl. Religious rites and social obligations).
  • Corruption of the original message of the Injil by Jews and Christians. (v. 68-77, 116-118)
  • Jesus’ disciples asked God to send them a table  from heaven
6 Al-An’am ٱلْأَنْعَام
The Cattle 165 (20) Makkah
  • This sūrah dwells on such themes as rejecting polytheism and unbelief, the establishment of Tawhīd, the Revelation, Messengership, and Resurrection.
7 Al-A’raf ٱلْأَعْرَاف
The Heights, The Faculty of Discernment 206 (24) Makkah
  • The mission of the prophets.
  • Adam, Hawwa and Iblis. (v. 16-25)
  • Stories of Nuh, Hud, Salih, Lut, Shuáyb and Musa. (v. 59-171)
  • Allah’s Covenant with humanity. (v. 172)
  • What happens to those who discard Allah’s message. (v. 175)
8 Al-Anfal ٱلْأَنْفَال
The Spoils of War 75 (10) Madinah
  • The Battle of Badr and the lessons that are to be taken from it
  • Instructs believers in topics such us jihād, hijrah, the law of war, treaties, gains of war, patience, mutual helping and solidarity, and reliance on God.
9 At-Tawbah ٱلتَّوْبَة
The Repentance 129 (16) Madinah
  • Problems of war between believers and their enemies.
  • The expedition to Tabuk (9 A.H.).
  • Prohibition of intercalation in the Islamic lunar calendar(v. 37)
  • Those who cannot attain to faith. (v. 124-127)
10 Yunus يُونُس
Jonah 109 (11) Makkah
  • The revelation of the Qur’an to Muhammad (not Muhammad’s own work). (v. 15-17, 37-38, 94)
  • References to earlier prophets.
  • Fundamental tenets of Islam.
11 Hud هُود
Hud 123 (10) Makkah
  • The revelation of God’s will through his prophets.
  • More stories of earlier prophets.
  • Just dealings between men.
12 Yusuf يُوسُف
Joseph 111 (12) Makkah
  • The story of the prophet Joseph (as an illustration of God’s unfathomable direction of men’s affairs).
  • Tells us of the truth contained in dreams
13 Ar-Ra’d ٱلرَّعْد
The Thunder 43 (6) Madinah
  • The essentials of faith, and the arguments for faith found in “nature” and humanity.
14 Ibrahim إِبْرَاهِيم
Abraham 52 (7) Makkah
  • In verse 5, Moses’ mission
  • Declares that the Qur’ān was sent to Muhammad  to lead humankind out of the depths of darkness into the light, thus stressing the universality of his mission.
15 Al-Hijr ٱلْحِجْر
The Rocky Tract, The Stoneland, The Rock City, Al-Hijr 99 (6) Makkah
  • The evidence of God’s Existence and Oneness, and the Divine authorship of the Qur’ān.
  • The exemplary events of previous peoples.
16 An-Nahl ٱلنَّحْل
The Honey Bees, The Bee 128 (16) Makkah
  • God’s creativeness:
    • Manifested in the instincts of the bee.
    • Culmination: Guidance through his revealed word.
17 Al-Isra ٱلْإِسْرَاء
The Night Journey 111 (12) Makkah
  • Muhammad’s Night journey from Mecca to Jerusalem.
  • The children of Israel. (v. 2-8, 101-104)
18 Al-Kahf ٱلْكَهْف
The Cave 110 (12) Makkah
  • A series of parables or allegories on the theme of faith in God versus excessive attachment to the life of this world. Including:
    • The men of the cave. (v. 13-20)
    • The rich man and the poor man. (v. 32-44)
    • Moses and the unnamed sage. (v. 60-82)
    • The allegory of Dhu’l-Qarnayn, the Two-Horned One’. (v. 83-98)
19 Maryam مَرْيَم
Mary 98 (6) Makkah
  • The story of Zachariah and his son John, the precursor of Jesus. (v. 2-15)
  • The story of Mary and Jesus. (v. 16-37)
20 Ta-Ha طه
Ṭāʾ Hāʾ
Ṭāʾ Hāʾ (a name of Muhammad) 135 (8) Makkah
  • The guidance offered by God through his prophets.
  • The fundamental truths inherent in all revealed religions are identical.
    • The story of Moses. (v. 9-98)
21 Al-Anbiya ٱلْأَنْبِيَاء
The Prophets 112 (7) Makkah
  • The oneness, uniqueness and transcendence of God.
  • The continuity and intrinsic unity of all divine revelation.
    • Stories of the prophets of old. (v. 48-91)
    • The believers of all faiths belong to one single community. (v. 92)
22 Al-Hajj ٱلْحَجّ
The Pilgrimage, The Hajj 78 (10) Madinah
  • The Mecca pilgrimage and some of the rituals connected with it. (v. 25-38)
  • It warns new believers, who might waver and be unwilling to persevere through some of the hardships that accepting a new faith naturally entails.
23 Al-Mu’minun ٱلْمُؤْمِنُون
The Believers 118 (6) Makkah
  • True faith.
  • The evidence of the existence of an almighty Creator, and man’s ultimate responsibility before Him.
  • The unity of all religious communities, broken by man’s egotism, greed and striving after power. (v. 52-53)
  • The impossibility to believe in God, without believing in life after death.
24 An-Nur ٱلنُّور
The Light 64 (9) Madinah
  • Rules concerning relations between the sexes, and members of a family and society
  • The mystic parable of the ‘light of God’ (“Verse of Light”). (v. 35)
  • Declaring the chastity and innocence of ‘Â’ishah
25 Al-Furqan ٱلْفُرْقَان
The Criterion, The Standard, The Standard of True and False 77 (6) Makkah
  • The purpose of every divine revelation is to provide a stable criterion of true and false.
  • The humanness of every apostle sent by God to man. (v. 20)
  • Divine revelation belongs to God’s creative activity.
26 Ash-Shu’ara ٱلشُّعَرَاء
The Poets 227 (11) Makkah
  • It rejects the Makkans’ claim that the Messenger  was a poet and that the Qur’ān is the work of a poet.
  • Man’s weakness, which causes him to reject God’s message and worship power and wealth etc.
27 An-Naml ٱلنَّمْل
The Ant, The Ants 93 (7) Makkah
  • The legend of king Solomon and queen of Sheba.
28 Al-Qasas ٱلْقَصَص
The Narrations, The Stories, The Story 88 (9) Makkah
  • Concerned with the Prophet Moses’ life and mission
  • Contains glad tidings for God’s Messenger
29 Al-Ankabut ٱلْعَنْكَبُوت
The Spider 69 (7) Makkah
  • The parable of ‘the spider house’, a symbol of false beliefs that are destined to be blown away by the winds of truth. (v. 41)
30 Ar-Rum ٱلرُّوم
The Romans, Rome, Byzantium 60 (6) Makkah
  • Predictions of the near victory of the Byzantines [over the Persians] and the Battle of Badr (2 A.H.). (v. 1-7)
  • God’s ability to resurrect the dead at the end of time, and the people’s ignorance of this.
31 Luqmaan لُقْمَان
Luqman 34 (4) Makkah
  • Affirming the wisdom of the Qur’ān, and offers pearls of wisdom narrated by Luqman
  • Some virtues of the believers
  • Presents evidence of God’s Power and Oneness
32 As-Sajda ٱلسَّجْدَة
The Prostration, Worship, Adoration 30 (3) Makkah
  • God’s creation.
  • God’s revelation and man’s acceptance or denial.
  • The Day of Judgement.
33 Al-Ahzaab ٱلْأَحْزَاب
The Clans, The Confederates, The Combined Forces 73 (9) Madinah
  • The War of the Confederates (The Battle of the Trench,).
  • Introduces laws pertaining to marriage and divorce
  • Describes new regulations concerning the law of inheritance and Islamic family life
  • The relationship between Muhammad and his family.
34 Saba (surah) سَبَأ
Sheba 54 (6) Makkah
  • Divine Oneness, the afterlife, and Prophethood.
  • The story of the people of Sheba, as an example of the impermanence of human power, wealth and glory. (v. 15-20)
  • Always be conscious of God. (v. 46)
35 Faatir فَاطِر
The Originator 45 (5) Makkah
  • God’s Oneness, the Hereafter, and the Messengership of Muhammad.
36 Yaseen يس
Yāʾ Sīn
Yāʾ Sīn (a name of Muhammad) 83 (5) Makkah
  • Man’s moral responsibility, resurrection and God’s judgment.
  • To be recited over the dying and in the prayers of the dead.
  • Three of the pillars of faith, namely the Divine Oneness, afterlife, and Prophethood
37 As-Saaffaat ٱلصَّافَّات
Those Who Set The Ranks, Drawn Up In Ranks, Those Ranged in Ranks 182 (5) Makkah
  • Emphasizes the afterlife and the Last Judgment.
  • Man’s constant need of prophetic guidance.
  • Stories of earlier prophets.
  • The angels’ duties and the jinn
38 Saad ص
Ṣād 88 (5) Makkah
  • Divine guidance and its rejection by those who are lost in fast pride.
  • It warns those who oppose the preaching of the Messenger.
  • Gives examples from the experiences of earlier Messengers.
39 Az-Zumar ٱلزُّمَر
The Companions, The Crowds, The Troops, Throngs 75 (8) Makkah
  • The evidence of the existence and oneness of God in all manifestations of nature.
  • God forgives all sins to him who repents before his death.
  • Allegories of the Last Hour and the Day of Judgment.
40 Al-Mumin or


The Believer, The Forgiver (God), Forgiving 85 (9) Makkah
  • Man’s false pride, worship of false values (wealth, power etc.) and his denial of divine guidance.
    • Stories of earlier prophets.
41 Fussilat فُصِّلَت
Expounded, Explained In Detail, Clearly Spelled Out 54 (6) Makkah
  • Man’s acceptance or rejection of divine revelation.
42 Ash-Shooraa ٱلشُّورىٰ
The Consultation 53 (5) Makkah
  • God is undefinable and unfathomable. (v. 11, 16)
  • All prophets taught the oneness of God, so all believers of all ‘denominations’ should see themselves as ‘one single community’. (v. 13, 15)
  • The law of cause and effect: In the life to come man will only harvest ‘what his own hands have wrought’ in this world.
43 Az-Zukhruf ٱلْزُّخْرُف
The Gold Adornments, The Ornaments of Gold, Luxury, Gold 89 (7) Makkah
  • Concentrates on some of the fundamentals of faith, namely God’s Oneness, Divine Messengership, and the afterlife; and it rejects certain false beliefs of ignorance, such as attributing daughters to God.
44 Ad-Dukhaan ٱلدُّخَان
The Smoke 59 (3) Makkah
  • Through revelation worldly pride is eventually brought to naught.
  • Concentrates upon the Qur’ān’s Divine authorship, on God’s being the unique Creator and Lord of the whole universe
45 Al-Jaathiyah ٱلْجَاثِيَة
The Kneeling Down, Crouching 37 (4) Makkah
  • Draws attention to God’s signs in the universe
  • Cites many of God’s favors to humankind
  • The history of the Children of Israel
46 Al-Ahqaaf ٱلْأَحْقَاف
Winding Sand-tracts, The Dunes, The Sand-Dunes 35 (4 1/2) Makkah
  • Warning the disbelievers of their miserable fate, and reassuring the believers of their salvation.
  • Presents some of the concrete proofs of the Messengership of the Prophet Muhammad
47 Muhammad مُحَمَّد
Muhammad 38 (4) Madinah
  • It deals with such matters as fighting, the treatment of prisoners of war, the distribution of the spoils of war
  • Instructions for Muslims to be virtuous to their parents.
  • The Story of Hud and the punishment of that befell his people.
  • Advising Muhammad to be more patient in delivering Islam
48 Al-Fath ٱلْفَتْح
The Victory, Conquest 29 (4 1/2) Madinah
  • The Truce of Hudaybiyyah
  • Criticizes the attitudes of the hypocrites, continues with further promises to the Muslims, and ends by mentioning certain important virtues of the Muslim Community.
49 Al-Hujuraat ٱلْحُجُرَات
The Private Apartments, The Inner Apartments 18 (2 1/2) Madinah
  • Social ethics.
    • Reverence to Muhammad and the righteous leaders after him.
    • The brotherhood of all believers and all mankind. (v. 10, 13)
    • The difference between true faith and outward observance of religious formalities. (v. 14 ff.)
50 Qaaf ق
Q̈āf 45 (3) Makkah
  • It mentions many phenomena in the universe that indicate God, and then concentrates on the afterlife.
51 Adh-Dhaariyaat ٱلذَّارِيَات
The Wind That Scatter, The Winnowing Winds, The Dust-Scattering Winds 60 (2 1/2) Makkah
  • It concentrates on the afterlife and God’s Oneness, and warns the unbelievers, reminding them what happened to many previous peoples who had obstinately persisted in unbelief and wrongdoing.
52 At-Toor ٱلطُّور
The Mount, Mount Sinai 49 (2 1/2) Makkah
  • It deals with the confused reactions of the Makkan polytheists to the revelation of the Qur’ān and how they made them look ridiculous.
53 An-Najm ٱلنَّجْم
The Star, The Unfolding 62 (2 1/2) Makkah
  • Muhammad’s experience of an ascension to heaven
  • It warns the polytheists about their attitude towards the Qur’ān.
54 Al-Qamar ٱلْقَمَر
The Moon 55 (2 1/2) Makkah
  • The splitting of the moon by a gesture of God’s Messenger
  • The people of Noah
  • The peoples of Lot
55 Ar-Rahman ٱلرَّحْمَٰن
The Most Merciful, The Most Gracious 78 (3) Madinah
  • The manifestations of God
  • Everything will pass away, except the face of God. (v. 26-27)
  • Description of paradise. (v. 46-78)
56 Al-Waqi’a ٱلْوَاقِعَة
The Inevitable, The Event, That Which Must Come to Pass 96 (3 1/2) Makkah
  • Description of life in the Hereafter for the believers and the disbelievers.
  • Proofs of God’s Existence and Oneness, and some characteristics of the Qur’ān.
57 Al-Hadeed ٱلْحَدِيد
The Iron 29 (4) Madinah
  • It deals with God’s absolute sovereignty, the necessity of sacrifice in God’s cause, and the passing nature of worldly pleasures.
58 Al-Mujadila ٱلْمُجَادِلَة
The Pleading, The Pleading Woman 22 (3 1/2) Madinah
  • Divorce.
  • Faith and denial.
  • Hypocrisy.
  • The attitude believers should have toward non-believers.
59 Al-Hashr ٱلْحَشْر
The Mustering, The Gathering, Exile, Banishment 24 (3 1/2) Madinah
  • The conflict between the Muslim community and the Jewish tribe of Banu’n-Nadir of Medina.
60 Al-Mumtahanah ٱلْمُمْتَحَنَة
The Examined One, She That Is To Be Examined 13 (2 1/2) Madinah
  • The believers’ relations with unbelievers.
61 As-Saff ٱلصَّفّ
The Ranks, Battle Array 14 (1 1/2 Madinah
  • A call to unity between professed belief and actual behaviour.
  • It stresses the importance of striving hard in the cause of God after faith.
62 Al-Jumu’ah ٱلْجُمُعَة
Congregation, Friday 11 (1 1/2 Madinah
  • Obligatory congregational prayer on Friday.
63 Al-Munafiqoon ٱلْمُنَافِقُون
The Hypocrites 11 (1 1/2) Madinah
  • It reveals the inner world of the hypocrites and their plots against Islam.
64 At-Taghabun ٱلتَّغَابُن
The Cheating, The Mutual Disillusion, The Mutual Loss and Gain, Loss and Gain 18 (2) Madinah
  • Concentrates on faith in God and the Hereafter
65 At-Talaq ٱلطَّلَاق
Divorce 12 (2) Madinah
  • Divorce (waiting period, remarriage).
66 At-Tahreem ٱلتَّحْرِيم
The Prohibition 12 (2) Madinah
  • Certain aspects of Muhammad’s personal and family life.
67 Al-Mulk ٱلْمُلْك
The Dominion, Sovereignty, Control 30 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • Man’s inability to understand the mysteries of the universe, and his dependence on guidance through divine revelation.
  • The manifestation of Gods’ absolute perfection in creation through the fine tuning of the universe.
68 Al-Qalam ٱلْقَلَم
The Pen 52 (2) Makkah
  • It categorically refutes some allegations of the polytheists against God’s Messenger.
  • It cites the perfect character of the Messenger
69 Al-Haaqqa ٱلْحَاقَّة
The Sure Reality, The Laying-Bare of the Truth 52 (2) Makkah
  • Draws attention to the Day of Resurrection and Judgment
  • The Divine origin of the Qur’ān and the Prophethood of Muhammad
70 Al-Ma’aarij ٱلْمَعَارِج
The Ways of Ascent, The Ascending Stairways 44 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • The unwillingness to believe, caused by the restlessness inherent in human nature.
71 Nooh نُوح
Noah 28 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • The story of Noah.
  • The struggle against blind materialism and the lack of spiritual values.
72 Al-Jinn ٱلْجِنّ
The Jinn, The Spirits, The Unseen Beings 28 (2) Makkah
  • Emphasizes God’s absolute Oneness and the Messengership of Muhammad
73 Al-Muzzammil ٱلْمُزَّمِّل
The Enfolded One, The Enshrouded One, Bundled Up, The Enwrapped One 20 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • Loosening the strict regulation on night prayer.
74 Al-Muddaththir ٱلْمُدَّثِّر
The One Wrapped Up, The Cloaked One, The Man Wearing A Cloak, The Enfolded One 56 (2) Makkah
  • This short early surah outlines almost all fundamental Qur’anic concepts.
  • Gods’ promise of eternal damnation for the disbelievers.
75 Al-Qiyamah ٱلْقِيَامَة
Resurrection, The Day of Resurrection, Rising Of The Dead 40 (1) Makkah
  • The concept of resurrection.
76 Al-Insaan ٱلْإِنْسَان
The Human, Man 31 (2) Madinah
  • It is about human perfectibility, the virtues of good believers and the reward they will get in the Hereafter.
77 Al-Mursalaat المرسلات ٱلْمُرْسَلَات
Those Sent Forth, The Emissaries, Winds Sent Forth 50 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • The gradual revelation of the Qur’an.
  • The functions of some classes of angels
78 An-Naba’ ٱلنَّبَأ
The Great News, The Announcement, The Tiding 40 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • Life after death.
  • Resurrection and God’s ultimate judgment.
79 An-Naazi’aat ٱلنَّازِعَات
Those Who Tear Out, Those Who Drag Forth, Soul-snatchers, Those That Rise 46 (1 1/2) Makkah
  • It reminds us of death, warns against those who deny the afterlife.
80 Abasa عَبَسَ
He Frowned 42 (1) Makkah
  • It stresses that everyone, whatever their family origin or social status, is equal with respect to the communication of God’s Message
81 At-Takweer ٱلتَّكْوِير
The Folding Up, The Overthrowing, Shrouding in Darkness 29 (1) Makkah
  • The Last Hour and man’s resurrection.
82 Al-Infitar ٱلْإِنْفِطَار
The Cleaving Asunder, Bursting Apart 19 (1/2) Makkah
  • Draws attention to the Hereafter
83 Al-Mutaffifeen ٱلْمُطَفِّفِين
The Dealers in Fraud, Defrauding, The Cheats, Those Who Give Short Measure 36 (1) Makkah
  • It explains enjoins honesty in dealings and presents some aspects of the afterlife.
84 Al-Inshiqaaq ٱلْإِنْشِقَاق
The Rending Asunder, The Sundering, Splitting Open, The Splitting Asunder 25 (1) Makkah
  • Warns people concerning God’s supreme Power
85 Al-Burooj ٱلْبُرُوج
The Mansions Of The Stars, The Constellations, The Great Constellations 22 (1) Makkah
  • Calls the believers to patience in the face of the persecutions
86 At-Taariq ٱلطَّارِق
The Night-Visitant, The Morning Star, The Nightcomer, That Which Comes in the Night 17 (1/2) Makkah
  • Concentrates on the Resurrection
87 Al-A’laa ٱلْأَعْلَىٰ
The Most High, The All-Highest, Glory To Your Lord In The Highest 19 (1/2) Makkah
  • God’s Power and Unity and the Revelation
88 Al-Ghaashiyah ٱلْغَاشِيَة
The Overwhelming Event, The Overshadowing Event, The Pall 26 (1) Makkah
  • The hardships and punishment the unbelievers will suffer in the Hereafter
89 Al-Fajr ٱلْفَجْر
The Break of Day, The Daybreak, The Dawn 30 (1) Makkah
  • Ancient peoples
  • Human nature and the wisdom of God’s testing humans
90 Al-Balad ٱلْبَلَد
The City, The Land 20 (1/2) Makkah
  • Invites people to help one another and prepare for the next life
91 Ash-Shams ٱلشَّمْس
The Sun 15 (1/2) Makkah
  • Attention a basic feature of humankind, namely its being created with a disposition or capacity to do both good and evil
92 Al-Layl ٱللَّيْل
The Night 21 (1/2) Makkah
  • Do the things for salvation and avoid the things for perdition
93 Ad-Dhuha ٱلضُّحَىٰ
The Glorious Morning Light, The Forenoon, Morning Hours, Morning Bright, The Bright Morning Hours 11 (1/2) Makkah
  • Man’s suffering and God’s justice.
  • A message of hope and consolation is given to man from Allah’s past mercies.
  • Man is bidden to pursue the path of goodness and proclaim the bounties of Allah.
  • Prophecy regarding the good future for Muhammad.
94 Ash-Sharh (Al-Inshirah) ٱلشَّرْح
The Expansion of Breast, Solace, Consolation, Relief, Patient, The Opening-Up of the Heart 8 (1/3) Makkah
  • God’s favors upon the Messenger
95 At-Teen ٱلتِّين
The Fig Tree, The Fig 8 (1/3) Makkah
  • A fundamental moral verity, common to all true religious teachings.
96 Al-Alaq ٱلْعَلَق
The Clinging Clot, Clot of Blood, The Germ-Cell 19 (1/2) Makkah
  • Implies the importance of knowledge, reading, and writing, and warns that people go astray by regarding themselves as being self-sufficient.
97 Al-Qadr ٱلْقَدْر
The Night of Honor, The Night of Decree, Power, Fate, Destiny 5 (1/3) Makkah
  • The Night of Laylat-ul-Qadr
98 Al-Bayyinahh ٱلْبَيِّنَة
The Clear Evidence, The Evidence of the Truth 8 (1) Madinah
  • God’s Messenger is the clear evidence for the truth of the Message
99 Az-Zalzalah ٱلزَّلْزَلَة
The Earthquake 8 (1/3) Madinah
  • Events during the Day of Resurrection
100 Al-‘Aadiyaat ٱلْعَادِيَات
The Courser, The Chargers, The War Horse 11 (1/3) Makkah
  • Praises the vanguards of Islam
  • Draws attention to some negative attitudes that exist in human beings
101 Al-Qaari’ah ٱلْقَارِعَة
The Striking Hour, The Great Calamity, The Stunning Blow, The Sudden Calamity 11 (1/3) Makkah
  • The dreadful occurrences on the Day of Resurrection, and the end of good and evil.
102 At-Takaathur ٱلتَّكَاثُر
The Piling Up, Rivalry in World Increase, Competition, Greed for More and More 8 (1/3) Makkah
  • Man’s greed and tendencies.
103 Al-‘Asr ٱلْعَصْر
The Time, The Declining Day, The Epoch, The Flight of Time, Success Criteria 3 (1/3) Makkah
104 Al-Humazah ٱلْهُمَزَة
The Scandalmonger, The Traducer, The Gossipmonger, The Slanderer 9 (1/3) Makkah
  • It warns against slandering and defaming, and seeing oneself as being above other people
105 Al-Feel ٱلْفِيل
The Elephant 5 (1/3) Makkah
  • The Abyssinian attack against Mecca in the year 570 CE, the Year of the Elephant.
106 Quraysh قُرَيْش
The Quraysh 4 (1/3) Makkah
  • The Quraysh, custodians of the Kaaba, should be thankful to God for protecting them from hunger and danger.
107 Al-Maa’oon ٱلْمَاعُون
The Neighbourly Assistance, Small Kindnesses, Almsgiving, Assistance 7 (1/3) Makkah
  • The meaning of true worship through sincere devotion and helping those in need.
108 Al-Kawthar ٱلْكَوْثَر
Abundance, Plenty, Good in Abundance 3 (1/3) Makkah
  • Spiritual riches through devotion and sacrifice.
  • Hatred results in the cutting off of all hope.
109 Al-Kaafiroon ٱلْكَافِرُون
The Disbelievers, The Kuffar, Those Who Deny the Truth 6 (1/3) Makkah
  • The correct attitude towards those who reject faith.
110 An-Nasr ٱلنَّصْر
The Help, Divine Support, Victory, Succour 3 (1/3) Madinah
  • The last complete surah revealed before Muhammad’s death.
111 Al-Masad ٱلْمَسَد
The Plaited Rope, The Palm Fibre, The Twisted Strands 5 (1/3) Makkah
  • The hostility of Muhammad’s uncle Abu Lahab.
112 Al-Ikhlaas ٱلْإِخْلَاص
Purity of Faith, The Fidelity, The Declaration of [God’s] Perfection 4 (1/3) Makkah
  • The oneness of God.
113 Al-Falaq ٱلْفَلَق
The Daybreak, Dawn, The Rising Dawn 5 (1/3) Makkah
  • Seek refuge in God from evil of others.
114 Al-Naas ٱلنَّاس
Mankind, Men 6 (1/3) Makkah
  • Trust in God’s protection from temptations.

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