Religious texts, also known as scripture, scriptures, holy writ, or holy books, are the texts which various religious traditions consider to be sacred, or of central importance to their religious tradition. Many religions and spiritual movements believe that their sacred texts are divinely or supernaturally revealed or inspired.

Soul in The Bible

Soul in The Bible The traditional concept of an immaterial and immortal soul distinct from the body was not found in Judaism before the Babylonian exile,[1] but developed as a result of interaction with Persian and Hellenistic philosophies.[2] Accordingly, the Hebrew word נֶ֫פֶשׁ‬, nephesh, although translated as “soul” in some older English Bibles, actually has a meaning closer to “living being”. Nephesh was rendered in...

Christianity’s Religious Text

Christianity’s Religious Scriptures Traditional Christianity The Bible (the Old Testament and the New Testament). The Apostolic churches (Catholicism and Orthodoxy) also include the Deuterocanonicals. For Protestantism, this is the 66-book canon – the Jewish Tanakh of 24 books divided differently (into 39 books) and the universal 27-book New Testament. Some denominations also include the 15 books of the Apocrypha between the Old...

Indian Epic Poetry

The Ancient Indian Epic Poetry Sanskrit epics The ancient Sanskrit epics the Ramayana and Mahabharata comprise together the Itihāsa (“History”) or Mahākāvya (“Great Compositions”), a canon of Hindu scripture. Indeed, the epic form prevailed and verse remained until very recently the preferred form of Hindu literary works. Hero-worship is a central aspect of Indian culture, and thus readily lent itself to a literary...

Tafsir

Interpretation of Qur’an Called Tafsir Tafsir (‘interpretation’) is the Arabic word for exegesis, usually of the Qur’an. An author of a tafsir is a mufassir (plural, mufassirūn). A Qur’anic tafsir attempts to provide elucidation, explanation, interpretation, context or commentary for clear understanding and conviction of God’s will.[1] Principally, a tafsir deals with the issues of linguistics, jurisprudence, and theology. In...

Kutub al-Sittah

“The Six Books” Called Kutub al-Sittah The Kutub al-Sittah (الكتب الستة‎, ‘The six books’) are six (originally five) books containing collections of hadith (sayings or acts of the Islamic prophet Muhammad) compiled by six Sunni Muslim scholars in the ninth century CE. They are sometimes referred to as Al-Sihah al-Sittah, which translates as “The Authentic Six”. They were first formally grouped...

List of Shia Books

Shia Books Books by Shia Imams Nahj al-Balaghah “a collection of sermons, letters and quotes of Imam Ali”, collected by Al-Sharif al-Radi (970 AD – 1015 AD) Al-Jafr “a mystical Shia`s holy book attributed to Imam Ali” Risalah al-Huquq “attributed to Imam Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin” Al-Sahifa al-Sajjadiyya “attributed to Imam Ali ibn Husayn Zayn al-Abidin” Al-Risalah al-Dhahabiah by Ali al-Ridha (765...

List of Islamic Texts

Islamic Texts Qur’an The Qur’an is the central religious text of Islam, which Muslims consider the verbatim word of God and the final divine revelation. It is regarded widely as the finest piece of literature in the Arabic language.[1][2] Muslims believe that the Qur’an was verbally revealed through the angel Jibrīl (Gabriel) from God to Muhammad over a period of...

Sacred Religious Texts

History of Religious Texts More: History of religions, Timeline of religion, and History of writing One of the oldest known religious texts is the Kesh Temple Hymn of Ancient Sumer, a set of inscribed clay tablets which scholars typically date around 2600 BCE. The Epic of Gilgamesh from Sumer, although only considered by some scholars as a religious text, has...

Judaism’s Religious Books

Jewish religious texts The following is a basic, structured list of the central works of Jewish practice and thought. Tanakh[57] (Hebrew Bible) and Rabbinic literature Mesorah Targum Jewish Biblical exegesis (also see Midrash below) Works of the Talmudic Era (classic rabbinic literature) Mishnah and commentaries Tosefta and the minor tractates Talmud: The Babylonian Talmud and commentaries Jerusalem Talmud and commentaries Midrashic literature: Halakhic...

Islam’s Holy Books

Islamic Holy Books Islamic holy books are the texts which Muslims believe were authored by Allah via various prophets throughout humanity’s history. All these books, in Muslim belief, promulgated the code and laws that Allah ordained for those people. Muslims believe the Quran to be the final revelation of Allah to man, and a completion and confirmation of previous...

Christians Religious Text

Christians Religious Scriptures From Hebrew Bible to Christian Bible: Jews, Christians and the Word of God. In his teaching, Jesus often quoted the Jewish Scriptures; after his death, his followers turned to them for clues to the meaning of his life and message. Some sacred texts form the cornerstone of a religion, instilling law, character and...

The Qur’an, Hadiths And Modern Science

The Qur’an does not constitute the sole source of doctrine and legislation in Islam. During Muhammad’s life and after his death, complementary information of a legislative nature was indeed sought in the study of the words and deeds of the Prophet. Although writing was used in the transmission of hadith...

Human Reproduction in The Qur’an

From the moment ancient human writings enter into detail (however slight) on the subject of reproduction, they inevitably make statements that are inaccurate. In the Middle Ages-and even in more recent time-reproduction was surrounded by all sorts of myths and superstitions. How could it have been otherwise, considering the fact...

The Qur’an and The Sex Education

Our epoch believes that it has made manifold discoveries in all possible fields. It is thought that great innovations have been made in the field of sex education, and the knowledge of the facts of life which has been opened up to young people is regarded as an achievement of...

Astronomy in the Qur’an

The Qur’an is full of reflections on the Heavens. In the preceding chapter on the Creation, we saw how the plurality of the Heavens and Earths was referred to, as well as what the Qur’an calls an intermediary creation ‘between the Heavens and the Earth’, modern science has verified the...

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