Christianity’s Religious Texts

Christianity‘s Religious Texts combines the Jewish Old Testament with the New Testament to form the Christian Bible, which followers refer to as the Holy Scriptures. There are many noncanonical texts in the Christian religion as well. Some Christian denominations have additional or alternate holy scriptures, some with authoritativeness similar to the Old Testament and New Testament. In addition to main scriptures, some denominations have liturgical books for guidance to worship and prayers. Various Christian denominations have religious texts which define the doctrines of the group or set out laws which are considered binding. They are believed to be interpretations of divine revelations.

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The Holy Bible

The Bible

Old Testament articles

New Testament

Old Testament

Doctrines and laws

Geneva Bible

Geneva Bible

Geneva Bible The Geneva Bible is one of the most historically significant translations of the Bible into English, preceding the King James Version by 51 years. It was the primary Bible of 16th-century English Protestantism and was used by William Shakespeare, Oliver Cromwell, John Knox, John Donne, and John Bunyan, author of The Pilgrim’s Progress (1678). It was one of the Bibles taken to...

new testament

Names and titles of God in the New Testament

Names and titles of God in the New Testament In contrast to the variety of absolute or personal names of God in the Old Testament, the New Testament uses only two, according to the International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia. With regard to the original documents that were later included, with or without modification, in...

Holy Books of Mormonism

The Book of Mormon 3

The Book of Mormon 3 ⇐ Go back to The Book Mormon 2 (The Second Book of Nephi, The Book of Jacob, The Book of Enos, The Book of Jarom, The Book of Omni, The Words of Mormon, Words of Mormon 1, The Book of Mosiah) The Book of Alma...

Holy Books of Mormonism

The Book of Mormon 2

The Book of Mormon 2 ⇐ Go back to The Book Mormon 1 (INTRODUCTION, Introduction and Witnesses, The Testimony of the Three Witnesses, The Testimony of the Eight Witnesses, TESTIMONY OF THE PROPHET JOSEPH SMITH, A Brief Explanation about the Book of Mormon, The First Book of Nephi) The Second...

The Bible is the sacred book in Christianity.

Outline of Christianity’s Religious Texts

Outline of Christianity’s Religious Texts Christianity, like other religions, has adherents whose beliefs and biblical interpretations vary. Christianity regards the biblical canon, the Old Testament and the New Testament, as the inspired word of God. The traditional view of inspiration is that God worked through human authors so that what they produced was what God...

Manuscript on parchment of the book is Peshitta: Syrian Aramaic translation of the Bible. May Edessa Greece, 9th century. Displayed in the National Library at Givat Ram, Jerusalem

Peshitta

Peshitta The Peshitta (pšīṭtā) is the standard version of the Bible for churches in the Syriac tradition, including the Maronite Church, the Chaldean Catholic Church, the Syriac Catholic Church, the Syriac Orthodox Church, the Syro Malankara Catholic Church, the Assyrian Church of the East and the Syro Malabar Catholic Church. The consensus within biblical scholarship, although not universal, is that the Old Testament of...

First Epistle of Johnin Codex Alexandrinus, 5th century

Epistle

Epistle An epistle (ἐπιστολή, epistolē, “letter”) is a writing directed or sent to a person or group of people, usually an elegant and formal didactic letter. The epistle genre of letter-writing was common in ancient Egypt as part of the scribal-school writing curriculum. The letters in the New Testament from Apostles to Christians are usually referred to as epistles. Those traditionally attributed to Paul are known as Pauline...

Collection of Bibles and New Testaments in several languages

Bible Translations

Bible Translations The Bible has been translated into many languages from the biblical languages of Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. As of September 2020 the full Bible has been translated into 700 languages, the New Testament has been translated into an additional 1,548 languages and Bible portions or stories into 1,138 other languages. Thus at least some portions of the Bible have...

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Biblical Studies

Biblical Studies Biblical studies is the academic application of a set of diverse disciplines to the study of the Bible (the Tanakh and the New Testament). For its theory and methods, the field draws on disciplines ranging from archaeology, ancient history, cultural anthropology, textual criticism, literary criticism, historical backgrounds, mythology, and comparative religion. Many secular as well as religious universities and colleges offer courses...

Biblical literalism

Biblical Literalism

Biblical Literalism Biblical literalism or biblicism is a term used differently by different authors concerning biblical interpretation. It can equate to the dictionary definition of literalism: “adherence to the exact letter or the literal sense”, where literal means “in accordance with, involving, or being the primary or strict meaning of the word or words; not...

Dead Sea Scrolls in Jerusalem.jpg

Biblical Infallibility

Biblical Infallibility Biblical infallibility is the belief that what the Bible says regarding matters of faith and Christian practice is wholly useful and true. It is the “belief that the Bible is completely trustworthy as a guide to salvation and the life of faith and will not fail to accomplish its purpose. Infallibility and inerrancy...

Bible manuscript in Hebrew, 14th century. Hebrew language and alphabet were the cornerstones of the Jewish national identity in antiquity.

Chronology of the Bible

Chronology of the Bible The chronology of the Bible is an elaborate system of lifespans, ‘generations’, and other means by which the passage of events is measured, beginning with the Genesis creation narrative. A widespread scholarly understanding is that this marks out a world cycle of 4,000 years, ending, presumably, around 164 BCE...

Hebrew Bible from 1300. Genesis.

Biblical Theology

Biblical Theology Biblical theology is the study of the doctrines of the Bible, arranged according to their chronology and historical background. In contrast to systematic theology, which categorizes doctrine according to specific topics, biblical theology shows the unfolding of God’s revelation as it progressed through history. Biblical theology may seek to isolate...

Sola Scriptura

Sola Scriptura

Sola Scriptura Sola scriptura (by scripture alone in English) is a theological doctrine held by some Protestant Christian denominations that the Christian scriptures are the sole infallible source of authority for Christian faith and practice. While the scriptures’ meaning is mediated through many kinds of subordinate authority, such as the ordinary teaching offices of a denominated church,...

Apocryphon of James

Apocryphon of James

Apocryphon of James The Apocryphon of James, also known by the translation of its title – the Secret Book of James, is a pseudonymous text amongst the New Testament apocrypha. It describes the secret teachings of Jesus to Peter and James, given after the Resurrection but before the Ascension. A major theme is...

"The Kiss of Judas" is a traditional depiction of Judas by Giotto di Bondone, c. 1306. Fresco in the Scrovegni Chapel, Padua.

Gospel of Judas

Gospel of Judas The Gospel of Judas is a Gnostic gospel. The content consists of conversations between Jesus and Judas Iscariot. Given that it includes late 2nd century theology, it is thought to have been composed in the 2nd century by Gnostic Christians, rather than the historic Judas himself. The only copy of it known to...

Gospel of Peter

Gospel of Peter

Gospel of Peter The Gospel of Peter (kata Petron euangelion), or Gospel according to Peter, is an ancient text concerning Jesus Christ, only partially known today. It is considered a non-canonical gospel and was rejected as apocryphal by the Catholic Church’s synods of Carthage and Rome, which established the New Testament canon....

Saint Paul by Rembrandt

Pauline Epistles

Pauline Epistles The Pauline epistles, also called Epistles of Paul or Letters of Paul, are the thirteen books of the New Testament attributed to Paul the Apostle, although the authorship of some is in dispute. Among these epistles are some of the earliest extant Christian documents. They provide an insight into the beliefs and controversies...

The Tyndale Bible was the basis for later English translations.

Islamic View of the Bible

Islamic View of the Bible Muslims believe in Christianity‘s Holy Book, but Islamic view of Bible much different than Christians. The Quran mentions the Torah, the Zabur (“Psalms“) and the Injil (“Gospel“) as being revealed by God to the prophets Moses, David and Jesus respectively in the same way the Quran was revealed to Muhammad,...

Ten Commandments

Biblical Sabbath

Biblical Sabbath Biblical Sabbath is a weekly day of rest or time of worship given in the Bible as the seventh day. It is observed differently in Judaism and Christianity and informs a similar occasion in several other faiths. Though many viewpoints and definitions have arisen over the millennia, most originate in the same textual tradition of...