Outline of Spirituality

Spirituality may refer to an ultimate or an alleged immaterial reality, an inner path enabling a person to discover the essence of his/her being, or the “deepest values and meanings by which people live.”

Spiritual practices, including yoga, fasting, meditation, prayer and contemplation, are intended to develop an individual’s inner life; spiritual experience includes that of connectedness with a larger reality, yielding a more comprehensive self; with other individuals or the human community; with nature or the cosmos; or with the divine realm. Music, poetry, and literature would help to attain perfect inner peace.

Sufism (tasawwuf) is the path followed by Sufis to reach the Truth—God. While Sufism usually expresses the theoretical or philosophical aspect of this search, the practical aspect is usually referred to as “being a dervish.”

Mysticism is the practice of religious ecstasies (religious experiences during alternate states of consciousness), together with whatever ideologies, ethics, rites, myths, legends, and magic may be related to them.

Spirituality referred to a religious process of re-formation which “aims to recover the original shape of man“, oriented at “the image of God” as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.

Dream Catcher Dreamcatcher Feather Dreams Indian

Dream Catcher

Introductory topics

  • Paranormal
    • Extra-sensory perception
    • Near-death experience
    • Parapsychology (Paraphysics)
      • Anomalous cognition
      • Claims of parapsychology
      • History of parapsychology
    • Precognition
    • Psychokinesis
    • Remote viewing
    • Uri Geller
  • Philosophy
    • Mind-body dualism
    • Epistemology
    • Ethics
    • Free will
    • Idealism
    • Materialism
    • Metaphysics
    • Mechanism
    • Mind-body problem
    • Noumenon
    • Nondualism
    • Phenomenalism
    • Phenomenon
    • Philosophy of mind
    • Philosophy of religion
    • Philosophy of science
    • Reductionism
    • Spiritualism
    • Skepticism
    • Truth
    • Vitalism
  • Religion
    • Agnosticism
    • Animism
    • Atheism
    • Cult
    • Faith
    • Gnosticism
    • God
    • Goddess
    • Higher consciousness
    • Monotheism
    • Mythology
    • neo-Pantheism
    • New religious movement
    • Pantheism
    • Polytheism
    • Prayer
    • religious naturalism
    • Soul
    • Spiritual being
    • Spiritism
  • Science
    • Altered state of consciousness
    • Brain
    • Chaos Theory
    • Chemistry
    • Cognitive psychology
    • Consciousness
    • Magical thinking
    • Neuropsychology
    • Odic force
    • Paraphysics
    • Parapsychology
    • Physics
    • Pseudoscience
    • Psychiatry
    • Psychology
    • Quantum Mechanics
    • Superstition
    • Unconscious mind
  • Spirituality
    • Esotericism
    • Karma
    • Ietsism
    • Meditation
    • Mysticism
    • New Age
    • Occultism
    • Reincarnation
    • Subtle body
    • Merkabah

Eastern

Esotericism and mysticism

Category:Shabda

  • Eckankar
    • Harold Klemp
  • Quan Yin Method
    • Suma Ching Hai
  • Sant Mat
    • Baba Sawan Singh
    • Radha Soami Satsang Beas
    • Sant Baljit Singh
    • Sant Kirpal Singh
    • Sant Thakar Singh
    • Shiv Dayal Singh
  • Surat Shabda Yoga
  • Techniques of Knowledge
    • Prem Rawat

Other topics

  • Chakra
    • Ajna / Mind’s eye / Third eye
    • Anahata
    • Bindu
    • Manipura
    • Muladhara
    • Sahasrara
    • Subud, or Susila Budhi Dharma
    • Swadhisthana
    • Vishuddha
  • Kundalini energy
  • Planes of existence
  • Tantra
  • Yoga
  • The Urantia Book

Philosophy and religion

  • Buddhism
    • Mahayana Buddhism
    • Theravada
    • Vajrayana (Tibetan Buddhism)
    • Zen
  • Hinduism
    • Bhakti yoga
    • Jnana Yoga
    • Karma yoga
    • List of sutras
    • Śruti
    • Smriti
    • Tantra
    • Upanishads
    • Vedanta
    • Yoga
  • I Ching
  • Sikhism
    • The Sikh Gurus
    • Guru Granth Sahib
    • Sikh religious philosophy
    • List of Sikhism-related topics
  • Taoism
    • Lao Zi
      • Dao De Jing
    • Taiji
    • Universal Dialectic
    • Yin Yang
  • The Urantia Book

Paths

Inner path

“Inner path”, as a spiritual or religious concept, is referred to in:

  • Spiritual paths
  • Involution (Meher Baba)
  • Eckankar
  • Salik
  • Burhaniya
  • Gilgul
  • Nizari
  • Sulook
  • Involution (esoterism)
  • Ordre Reaux Croix
  • Universal Life
  • Surat Shabd Yoga or Sant Mat

Left-hand path

  • Left-Hand Path and Right-Hand Path
  • Black art
  • Black magic
  • Necromancy
  • Satanism
    • Baphomet
    • Church of Satan
    • Luciferianism
    • Philosophical Satanism
    • Satan
    • Satanic ritual abuse
    • Anton LaVey
  • Vampire
  • Temple of Set

Magic and occult

  • Aleister Crowley
    • Magick
  • Chaos magic
  • Eliphas Levi
  • Enochian magic
  • Goetia
  • Grimoire
  • Necronomicon
  • Hoodoo
  • Magic
  • Occultism
  • Pentagram
  • Quareia
  • Ritual magic
  • Santería
  • Seid
  • The Book of Thoth
  • Thelema
  • Vodou

Martial arts

  • Martial arts
    • List of martial arts
    • List of martial arts weapons
  • Neijia
    • Baguazhang
    • Xingyiquan
    • T’ai chi ch’uan

New Age

  • Age of Aquarius
  • Munay-ki
  • New Age
  • List of New Age topics
  • Qigong

People

  • Edgar Cayce
  • Josephine McCarthy
  • Evelyn Underhill
  • G. I. Gurdjieff
  • Rudolf Steiner
  • Ken Wilber

Spiritual and occult practices

Concentration

  • Astral projection
  • Dhikr
  • Meditation
  • Muraqaba
  • Prayer
  • Remote viewing
  • Yoga

Divination

  • Astrology
  • Augur
  • Cartomancy
  • Cleromancy
  • Divination
  • Dowsing
    • Pendulum
  • Fortune-telling
  • Geomancy
  • Haruspex
  • I Ching
  • Omen
  • Tarot reading

Other

  • Lucid dream
  • Out-of-body experience

Western

Religion, esotericism, and mysticism

  • Anthroposophy
  • Christian mysticism
  • Christian mystics
  • Esotericism
  • Hermeticism
  • List of occultists
  • Mysticism
  • Salvation
  • Spiritualism
  • Western mystery tradition

Organizations

  • AMORC
  • FUDOFSI
  • FUDOSI
  • Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn
  • Illuminates of Thanateros
  • Knights Templar
  • Ordo Templi Orientis
  • Subud

People

  • Constant Chevillon
  • Dion Fortune
  • Max Heindel
  • Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers
  • Baron Carl Reichenbach
  • Rudolf Steiner
  • Osho

Rosicrucianism

  • Rosicrucian
    • Ancient Mystical Order Rosae Crucis
    • Fraternitas Rosae Crucis
    • Rosicrucian Fellowship
    • Societas Rosicruciana

Occultism and practical mysticism

  • Alchemy
  • Builders of the Adytum (B.O.T.A.)
  • Faith healing
  • Servants of the Light

Neopaganism

  • Neopaganism
  • Paganism
  • Rule of Three (Wiccan)
  • Wicca

Christianity

  • Catholicism
  • Christian mysticism
  • Christian Science
  • Mount Athos
  • Orthodoxy
Esoteric Christianity
  • Anthroposophy
  • Christian vegetarianism
  • Theosis
  • Hesychasm
  • Gregory Palamas
  • Philokalia

Egyptian mythology

Islam

Sufism
  • Dhikr
  • Lataif-e-Sitta
  • Muraqaba
  • Qawwali
  • Sama
  • Sufi cosmology
  • Sufi Texts
  • Sufi whirling

Judaism

  • Kabbalah (also spelled Qabalah, QBLH)

References

  1.  Ewert Cousins, preface to Antoine Faivre and Jacob Needleman, Modern Esoteric Spirituality, Crossroad Publishing 1992.
  2.  Philip SheldrakeA Brief History of Spirituality, Wiley-Blackwell 2007 p. 1-2
  3.  Margaret A. Burkhardt and Mary Gail Nagai-Jacobson, Spirituality: living our connectedness, Delmar Cengage Learning, p. xiii

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