Names and Titles of Muhammad

The names and titles of Muhammad,[1] names and attributes of Muhammad[2], Names of Muhammad (أَسْمَاءُ ٱلْنَّبِيّ ’Asmā’u ’n-Nabiyy) are the names of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and used by Muslims, where 99 of them are commonly renown, but also countless names which are found mainly in the Quran and hadith literature.

Names and honorifics

Muhammad is often referenced with these titles or epithet by praise:

  • Nabiyy/ Nabi (أَلْنَّبِيّ an-Nābiyy), “The Prophet” – i.e.: “Prophet of Prophets”
  • Rasoul’AllahRasoul’Ullah (أَلْرَّسُولُ ٱلله ar-Rasūl’Allāhar-Rasūl’Ullāh), “The Messenger of Allah”
  • Habib/ Habeeb (أَلْحَبِيب al-Ḥabīb), “The Beloved” – i.e. Habib’Ullah/Habib’Allah (أَلْحَبِيبُ ٱلله al-Ḥabīb’Allāhal-Ḥabīb’Ullāh) “The Beloved of Allah”
  • Mustafa/ Mustafaa (أَلْمُصْطَفَى al-Muṣṭafā), “The Chosen/ Appointed”[3] – i.e: the “Prophet of Allah and Islam”
  • Amin/ Ameen/ Amiyn (أَلْأَمِين al-Amīn), “The Genuine/ Trustworthy/ Faithful”[4]
  • Sadiq/ Sadeeq (أَلْصَّدِيق aṣ-Ṣadīq), “The Honest/ Righteous/ Truthful”[5] – i.e: Siddīq
  • Rauf/ Raouf/ Rawouf (أَلْرَّؤُوف ar-Raw’ūf), “The Kind/ Compassionate/ Affectionate”[6]
  • Uswatun Hasanah (أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَة Uswatun Ḥasanah), “The Model of Excellent Conduct, Merit and Virtue”[7]
  • KamilKaamil (أَلْكَامِل al-Kamil), “The Perfect, Complete and Absolute”, i.e.: al-Insan al-Kamil/ al-Insaan al-Kaamil (أَلْإِنْسَانُ ٱلْكَامِل al-Insānu ’l-Kāmil), “The Man of All Men in Absoluteness, Completion, Perfection”[8]
  • al-Khayr al-Bashr (أَلْخَيْرُ ٱلْبَشْر al-Khayru ’l-Bashr), “The Best of Mankind”[9]
  • al-Khatim an-Nabiyyin/ al-Khaatim an-Nabiyyin (أَلْخَاتِمُ ٱلْنَبِيٍّ al-Khātim an-Nābiyyin), “The Last Seal/ End of Seal of All Prophets”[10]
  • ar-Rahmatul lil-‘Alamin/ ar-Rahmatul lil-‘Aalameen/ ar-Rahmatul lil-‘Aalamiyn (أَلْرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْعَالَمِين ar-Rahmatul lil-‘Ālamīn), “Merciful and Compassionate to the Universe (of All Creation)”[11] i.e.: the “Merciful and Compassionate to all Mankind, jinn and All Creation”
  • ash-Shahid/ ash-Shaheed/ ash-Shahiyd (أَلْشَّهِيد ash-Shahīd), “The Witness”[12]
  • al-Mubashir, “The Bearer of Good Tidings”[13]
  • an-Nadhir, “The Warner”[13]
  • al-Mudhakkir, “The Reminder”[14]
  • ad-Dā‘ī, “The One Who Calls (unto God)”[15]
  • al-Bashir, “The Announcer”[16]
  • an-Nūr, “The Light Personified”[17]
  • al-Misbah, “The Lamp/ Lantern (lit. “Bringer of Light – Dawn”)  i.e.: as-Siraaj al-Muneer, “The Lamp of Illuminated, Ever-glowing, Ever-Enlightening, Incandescent”[18]
  • as-Siraaj, “The Lamp/ Lantern” – i.e.: as-Siraaj al-Muneer, “The Lamp of Illuminated, Ever-glowing, Ever-Enlightening, Incandescent”[18]
  • al-Kareem, “The Noble and Generous One”[19]
  • Ni‘mat-Ullah, “The Divine Favour”[20]
  • al-Ummiyy, “The Unlettered and Illiterate”, i.e.: An-Nabiyyu l-Ummiyy, “The Prophet who is Unlettered and Illiterate”[21]
  • al-Muzzammil, “The Enwrapped”[22]
  • al-Muddathir, “The Shrouded”[23]
  • al-‘Aqib, “The Last (Prophet)”[24][25]
  • al-Mutawakkil, “The One who Puts his Trust (in God)”[26]
  • Qutham, “Of Perfect Character. Gifted With Every Merit.”
  • al-Mahi, “The Remover (of Disbelief)”[27]
  • al-Hanif, “The One of Primordial Religion”
  • Nâbîyyu at-Tawbah, “The Prophet of Penitence”
  • al-Mu`azzaz, “The Strengthened One, the One Made Invulnerable”
  • al-Muwaqqar, “Held in Awe”
  • al-Fatih, “The Opener”
  • al-Hashir, “The Gatherer (First to be Resurrected) on the Day of Judgement”[25]
  • al-Shafî`, “The Intercessor”[28][29]
  • al-Mushaffa`, “The One Whose Intercession Shall be Granted”[30]
  • al-Mujtaba (اَلْـمُـجْـتَـبَى‎, “the Chosen One”)[31]
  • Ahmad, “Most Deserving of Praise”[32]
  • Hamid, “Praiser (of God)”
  • Mahmood, “Praiseworthy”
  • ‘Abd’Allah/ ‘Abd’Ullah, “Servant of Allah”[33]
  • AkhirThe End/ Last” – i.e. “Last Prophet”[34], “Last Messenger”[35]
  • Khatim, “The Seal”  i.e. “Final Prophet”[36], “Final Messenger”[37]

He is also known by these names:

  • Ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib, “(Grand) Son/ Descendant of Abd al-Muttalib”
  • Abu ’l-Qasim (أَبـو الـقَـاسـم‎, “Father of Al-Qasim [Qasim ibn Muhammad]”) – father of the male child by his first wife Khadijah bint Khuwaylid.
  • Abu ‘Abd’Ullah, “Father of ‘Abd’Ullah bin Muhammad” – father of the male child by his first wife Khadijah bint Khuwaylid.
  • Abu Ibrahim, “Father of Ibrahim bin Muhammad” – father of the male child by his wife Maria al-Qibtiyya.
  • Abu ’t-Tahir, “Father of the Pure”
  • Abu ’t-Tayyib, “Father of the Pleasant”

In Turkey and by Muslims of the Balkans, he is often called Hazrat (حضرت ḥadhrat; i.e. “His Presence/ Holiness”) Muhammed, or “Peygamber Efendimiz” (Our messenger)[38] and in Iran, Central Asia and South Asia, he is often called Hazrat (حضرت ḥadhrat; i.e. “His Presence/ Holiness”) or Peyghambar (Persian: پيغمبر‎ messenger, literally: “he who gives or delivers the message“).

Islamic scholars strongly emphasized the need whenever and wherever the name of Muhammad is spoken or written either in Arabic or one’s own language, for Muslims to conventionally follow his name by the honorific phrase “Peace Be Upon Him” (often abbreviated “PBUH”, lit. “Blessings of Allah be upon Him with Peace“) in English, or said majorly in the Arabic  / صلى الله عليه وسلم (ṣalla’Allahu ‘alayhi wa-sallam, acronymically transcribed as “SAWS”), as omitting the use of such acronyms is considered inappropriate.

The salawat, practice of invocations, say blessings and salutations upon Muhammad, is encouraged to Muslims by a well-known verse of the Quran.[39]

See also: Muhammad Quotes, Prophet Muhammad Quotes and Quotes About Prophet Muhammad

References

  1.  “Names and Titles of Prophet Muhammad”Journey of a Seeker Of Sacred Knowledge. January 20, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  2.  Yeniterzi, Emine. “The Names and Attributes of Prophet Muhammad in Divine Literature”Last Prophet. Retrieved January 18, 2013.
  3.  Quran22:75
  4.  Sahih al-Bukhari4:52:237
  5.  Quran33:22
  6.  Quran9:128
  7.  Quran68:4
  8.  “Ibn al-‘Arabi, Muhyi al-Din (1164-1240)”. Muslim Philosophy. Retrieved January 18, 2013. 4. The ‘perfect man’ and the Muhammadan reality
  9.  Quran33:21
  10.  Quran33:40
  11.  Quran21:107
  12.  Quran33:45
  13.  Quran11:2
  14.  Quran88:21
  15.  Quran12:108
  16.  Quran2:119
  17.  Quran5:15
  18.  Quran33:46
  19.  Quran69:40
  20.  Quran16:83
  21.  Quran7:157–158
  22.  Quran73:01
  23.  Quran74:01
  24.  Sahih Muslim4:1859
  25.  Sahih al-Bukhari4:56:732
  26.  Quran9:129
  27.  Sahih al-Bukhari4:56:732
  28.  Sahih al-Bukhari9:93:601
  29.  Quran3:159Quran4:64Quran60:12
  30.  Quran19:87Quran20:109
  31.  “Mujtaba, A Quranic Name for Boys”. quranicnames.com. Retrieved 2017-02-21.
  32.  Quran61:6
  33.  Quran25:1
  34.  Muhammad and Christ, Maulana Muhammad Ali – 2011
  35.  Muhammad The Messenger of God: M. Fethullah Gülen – 2014
  36.  Amīn Aḥsan Iṣlāḥī, Mohammad Saleem Kayani – 2007, Tafsir of Surah al-Fātihan and Surah al-Baqarah – Page 244
  37.  Islam for Beginners: What You Wanted to Ask But Didn’t, p 13, Mirza Yawar Baig – 2011
  38.  Schimmel, Annemarie (1990). Islamic Names: An Introduction (Islamic Surveys). Edinburgh University Press. p. 30. ISBN978-0-85224-563-7.
  39.  “Islam / Muslim”. Woodlands Junior. Archived from the original on June 14, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2013.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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