Theology of Creationism and Evolution
Creationism is the religious belief that the universe and life originated “from specific acts of divine creation“, as opposed to the scientific conclusion that they came about through natural processes such as evolution.
Further information: Genesis creation narrative, Evolution and The Catholic Church, and creation–evolution controversy
See also: Jewish views on evolution, Islamic views on evolution, Hindu views on evolution and Buddhism and Evolution
Most contemporary Christian leaders and scholars from many mainstream churches, such as Roman Catholic, Anglican and some Lutheran denominations, reject reading the Bible as though it could shed light on the physics of creation instead of the spiritual meaning of creation. According to the Archbishop of Canterbury, Rowan Williams, “[for] most of the history of Christianity there’s been an awareness that a belief that everything depends on the creative act of God, is quite compatible with a degree of uncertainty or latitude about how precisely that unfolds in creative time.”
The Roman Catholic Church now explicitly accepts the theory of evolution, (albeit with most conservatives and traditionalists within the Church in dissent), as do Anglican scholars such as John Polkinghorne, arguing that evolution is one of the principles through which God created living beings. Earlier examples of this attitude include Frederick Temple, Asa Gray and Charles Kingsley, who were enthusiastic supporters of Darwin’s theories on publication, and the French Jesuit priest and geologist Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, who saw evolution as confirmation of his Christian beliefs, despite condemnation from Church authorities for his more speculative theories.
Liberal theology assumes that Genesis is a poetic work, and that just as human understanding of God increases gradually over time, so does the understanding of his creation. In fact, both Jews and Christians have been considering the idea of the creation narrative as an allegory (instead of an historical description) long before the development of Darwin’s theory of evolution. Two notable examples are Saint Augustine (4th century) who, on theological grounds, argued that everything in the universe was created by God in the same instant, (and not in seven days as a plain account of Genesis would require) and the 1st century Jewish scholar Philo of Alexandria, who wrote that it would be a mistake to think that creation happened in six days, or in any set amount of time.
- Gunn 2004, p. 9, “The Concise Oxford Dictionary says that creationism is ‘the belief that the universe and living organisms originated from specific acts of divine creation.'”
- Brosseau, Olivier; Silberstein, Marc (2015). “Evolutionism(s) and Creationism(s)”. In Heams, Thomas; Huneman, Philippe; Lecointre, Guillaume; Silberstein., Marc (eds.). Handbook of Evolutionary Thinking in the Sciences. Dordrecht: Springer. pp. 881–96. ISBN 9789401790147.
- “creationism: definition of creationism in Oxford dictionary (American English) (US)”. Oxford Dictionaries (Definition). Oxford: Oxford University Press. OCLC 656668849. Retrieved 2014-03-05.
The belief that the universe and living organisms originate from specific acts of divine creation, as in the biblical account, rather than by natural processes such as evolution.
- Williams 2006
- John Paul II address here 
- John Polkinghorne‘s Science and Theology pp6-7
- Davis A. Young, “THE CONTEMPORARY RELEVANCE OF AUGUSTINE’S VIEW OF CREATION” Archived 2006-02-14 at the Wayback Machine (From: Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith 40.1:42-45 (3/1988)), The American Scientific Affiliation
- The Works of Philo Judaeus, Chapter 2, translated by Charles Duke Yonge
Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia