Shi’a Islam

Shi’a Islam Shi’a Islam, Shia or Shi`ism (Arabic شيعة, Persian: شیعه) is the second largest school within Islam. Shi’a Muslims adhere to the teachings of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his Ahlul Bayt (family). Shi’as believe that the Imam – their preferred title for the political and religious leader of the Muslim...

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Sunni Islam

Sunni Islam Sunni Muslims are the larger of the two main branches of Islam. Sunni Islam is also referred to as Sunnism or as Ahl as-Sunnah wa’l-Jamā‘h (أهل السنة والجماعة) (people of the example (of Muhammad) and the community). The word Sunni comes from the word Sunnah (سنة ), which means “example” and refers particularly to the the words and actions...

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Calculation of Zakāt

Calculation of Zakāt Zakāt (زكاة‎, zakāt, “that which purifies”,[1] also Zakat al-mal, زكاة ألمال‎, “zakat on wealth”[2]) is a form of alms-giving treated as a religious tax and/or religious obligation in Islam[3][4][5][6] for all Muslims who meet the necessary criteria of wealth,[7] and one of the Five Pillars of Islam.[8] Beneficiaries of zakat include zakat collectors, poor Muslims,...

Zakat al-Fitr

Zakat al-Fitr Zakat al-Fitr is a charity taken for the poor a few days before the end of fasting in the Islamic holy month of Ramadan. The Arabic word Fitr means the same as iftar, breaking a fast, and it comes from the same root word as Futoo which means breakfast. Zakat al Fitr is a smaller amount than Zakat al-Mal. See also:...

Zakat, Zakah,

Zakat

Zakat Zakat (زكاة‎ zakāh, “that which purifies”,[1] also Zakat al-mal, زكاة المال, “zakat on wealth”,[2] or Zakah)[3] is a form of alms-giving treated in Islam as a religious obligation or tax,[4][5] which, by Quranic ranking, is next after prayer (salat) in importance.[6] As one of the Five Pillars of Islam, zakat is a religious duty for all Muslims who meet the necessary criteria of wealth.[7] It...

Zulqarnayn with the help of some jinn, building the Iron Wall to keep the barbarian Gog and Magog from civilized peoples (16th century Persian miniature)

Islamic Mythology

Islamic Mythology Islamic mythology is the body of myths associated with Islam and the Quran. Islam is a religion that is more concerned with social order and law than with religious myths. The Oxford Companion to World Mythology identifies a number of traditional narratives as “Islamic myths“. These include a creation myth and a vision of afterlife, which Islam shares to some extent...

Women in Islam

Women in Islam The experiences of Muslim women (مسلمات‎ Muslimāt, singular مسلمة Muslima) vary widely between and within different societies. At the same time, their adherence to Islam is a shared factor that affects their lives to a varying degree and gives them a common identity that may serve to bridge the wide cultural,...

Sharia

What Is Sharia? Sharia, Sharia law, or Islamic law (شريعة) is a religious law forming part of the Islamic tradition.[1] It is derived from the religious precepts of Islam, particularly the Quran and the Hadith. In Arabic, the term sharīʿah refers to God’s immutable divine law and is contrasted with fiqh, which refers to its human scholarly interpretations.[2][3][4] It has been described as “one of the major intellectual...

Criticism of Islamism

Criticism of Islamism The ideas and practices of the leaders, preachers, and movements of the Islamic revival movement known as Islamism (also referred to as Political Islam) have been criticized by Muslims (often Islamic modernists and liberals) and non-Muslims. Among those authors and scholars who have criticized Islamism, or some element of it, include Maajid Nawaz,...

Jihad with Different Aspects

Jihad with Different Aspects Jihad literally means striving or doing one’s best to achieve something, and its practitioners (mujahidin) are those who devote themselves fully to obtaining God’s good pleasure by opposing those forces that seek to defeat His religion and the upholding of His word. It is far more...

Islam and Secularism

Islam and Secularism Secularism has been a controversial concept in Islamic political thought, owing in part to historical factors and in part to the ambiguity of the concept itself. In the Muslim world, the notion has acquired strong negative connotations due to its association with removal of Islamic influences from the...

Jihad

Jihad Jihad (جهاد‎ jihād) is an Arabic word which literally means striving or struggling, especially with a praiseworthy aim. In an Islamic context, it can refer to almost any effort to make personal and social life conform with God’s guidance, such as struggle against one’s evil inclinations, proselytizing, or efforts toward the moral betterment of the ummah, though it...

Cosmology in Medieval Islam

Cosmology in Medieval Islam Islamic cosmology is the cosmology of Islamic societies. It is mainly derived from the Qur’an, Hadith, Sunnah, and current Islamic as well as other pre-Islamic sources. The Qur’an itself mentions seven heavens. See also: Cosmology Metaphysical principles Duality In Islamic thought the cosmos includes both the Unseen Universe (عالم الغيب‎, Alam-al-Ghaib) and the Observable Universe (عالم الشهود‎, Alam-al-Shahood)....

The Wisdom In Islam: In Muhammad’s Words

The Wisdom In Islam: In Muhammad’s Words “Wisdom in Islam” encompasses in its radiant words the true goals that all of us must strive for. Its bounty of mercy, forgiveness and guidance is stunning in its clarity. Imagine using this wonderful guidance on a regular basis? It is important to...

Knowledge and Wisdom: Islamic Viewpoint

Knowledge and Wisdom: Islamic Viewpoint  We begin our first lesson with Knowledge and Wisdom, which is the first and original pillar of human distinctions and specialties. In the very first revelation to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.s.) we read, Read in the name of your Lord Who created. He created man...

House of Wisdom

House of Wisdom, Bayt al-Ḥikmah The House of Wisdom (بيت الحكمة‎; Bayt al-Ḥikmah) refers either to a major Abbasid public academy and intellectual center in Baghdad or to a large private library belonging to the Abbasid Caliphs during the Islamic Golden Age. The House of Wisdom is the subject of an active dispute over...

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The Quran And Wisdom

The Quran And Wisdom Wisdom is “a higher dimension of consciousness”, which many people who have not attained faith have not experienced. With such consciousness the individual’s mind is very clear. However, what provides this clearness is neither the brain’s capacity, nor sharpness of intelligence, nor skill. The cause of...

Prophet Muhammad Quotes

Prophet Muhammad Quotes Prophet Muhammad (‎‫‬‎محمد; c. 570 – 8 June 632; full name: Muhammad Ibn `Abd Allāh Ibn `Abd al-Muttalib) is the central figure of Islam. Muslim beliefs assert that he is the Seal of the Prophets and is Rasool Allah (“Messenger of God”). Archaic spellings of his name in English include: Mohammed, Muhammed, and Mahomet. We...

Islamic Attitudes Towards Science

Islamic Attitudes Towards Science Muslim scholars have developed a spectrum of viewpoints on science within the context of Islam. The Quran and Islam allows for much interpretation when it comes to science. Scientists of medieval Muslim civilization (e.g. Ibn al-Haytham) contributed to the new discoveries of science. From the eighth to fifteenth...

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