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Thomas Cranmer wrote the first two editions of the Book of Common Prayer, BCP

Anglican Doctrine

Anglican Doctrine Anglican doctrine (also called Episcopal doctrine in some countries) is the body of Christian teachings used to guide the religious and moral practices of Anglicans. Approach to doctrine Anglicanism does not possess an agreed-upon confession of faith, such as the Presbyterian Westminster Confession, nor does it claim a founding theologian, such as John Calvin or Martin Luther,...

An ancient mosaic depicting footwashing done by Jesus to his disciples

Anabaptist Theology

Anabaptist Theology Anabaptist theology, also known as Anabaptist doctrine, is a theological tradition reflecting the doctrine of the Anabaptist Churches. The major branches of Anabaptist Christianity (inclusive of Mennonites, Amish, Hutterites, Bruderhof, Schwarzenau Brethren, River Brethren, and Apostolic Christians) agree on core doctrines but have nuances in practice. While the adherence to doctrine is important in Anabaptist...

martin luther, germany, reformation, protestant, bible, scripture

What Is Protestantism?

What Is Protestantism? Protestantism encompasses forms of Christian faith and practice that originated with doctrines and religious, political, and ecclesiological impulses of the Protestant Reformation. The word Protestant is derived from the Latin protestatio, meaning declaration. It refers to the letter of protestation by Lutheran princes against the decision of the Diet of Speyer...

martin luther, germany, reformation, protestant, new testament

Protestantism Explained

Protestantism Explained Protestantism claims roundly 100 millions of Christians, products of the Gospel and the fancies of a hundred reformers, people constantly bewailing their “unhappy divisions” and vainly crying for a union which is only possible under that very central authority, protestation against which is their only common denominator. Origin of the...

Saint Benedict's monks destroy an image of Apollo, worshiped in the Roman Empire

Iconoclasm

Iconoclasm Iconoclasm (eikṓn, ‘figure, icon’ + kláō, ‘to break’) is the social belief in the importance of the destruction of icons and other images or monuments, most frequently for religious or political reasons. People who engage in or support iconoclasm are called iconoclasts, a term that has come to be figuratively applied to...

Painting, Last Supper, Artwork, MuralPainting Last Supper Artwork Mural

Christian Art

Christian Art Christian art is sacred art which uses themes and imagery from Christianity. Most Christian groups use or have used art to some extent, including early Christian art and architecture, and Christian media. Images of Jesus and narrative scenes from the Life of Christ are the most common subjects, and scenes from the Old Testament play a part in the art of...

Examples of Western Rite Orthodox liturgical books from several groups.

Western Rite Orthodoxy

Western Rite Orthodoxy Western Rite Orthodoxy, also called Western Orthodoxy or the Orthodox Western Rite, are congregations within the Eastern Orthodox tradition which perform their liturgy in Western forms. Besides altered versions of the Tridentine Mass, congregations have used Western liturgical forms such as the Sarum Rite, the Mozarabic Rite, and Gallican Rite. Some congregations use what has become known simply as...

Gallery of Maps

Outline Of The Catholic Church

Outline Of The Catholic Church The following outline (Outline Of The Catholic Church) is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the Catholic Church: Catholicism – largest denomination of Christianity. Catholicism encompasses the body of the Catholic faith, its theologies and doctrines, its liturgical, ethical, spiritual, and behavioral characteristics, as well as...

Bishops at the Second Vatican Council in 1962

Latin Liturgical Rites

Latin Liturgical Rites Latin liturgical rites, or Western liturgical rites, are Catholic rites of public worship employed by the Latin Church, the largest particular church sui iuris of the Catholic Church, that originated in Europe where the Latin language once dominated. Its language is now known as Ecclesiastical Latin. The most used rite is the Roman Rite. The Latin rites were for...

Tree Chart

Catholic Particular Churches And Liturgical Rites

Catholic Particular Churches And Liturgical Rites This article covers Catholic Particular Churches And Liturgical Rites. A particular church (ecclesia particularis) is an ecclesiastical community of faithful headed by a bishop (or equivalent), as defined by Catholic canon law and ecclesiology. A liturgical rite depends on the particular church the bishop (or equivalent) belongs to. Thus “particular church” refers to...

Tridentine Mass in a chapel of the Cathedral of the Holy Cross, Boston, Palm Sunday 2009

Traditionalist Catholicism

Traditionalist Catholicism Traditionalist Catholicism is characterized by beliefs, practices, customs, traditions, liturgical forms, devotions, and presentations of Catholic teaching before the Second Vatican Council (1962–1965) in particular attachment to the Tridentine Mass, also known as the Traditional Latin Mass. Traditionalist Catholics were disturbed by the liturgical changes that followed the Second Vatican Council, which some feel stripped the...

Person walking

Personalism

Personalism Personalism is an intellectual stance that emphasizes the importance of human persons. Personalism exists in many different versions, and this makes it somewhat difficult to define it as a philosophical and theological movement. Friedrich Schleiermacher first used the term personalism (Personalismus) in print in 1799. One can trace the concept back to earlier thinkers in various...

Stained Glass Window Church Colorful holy martin

Episcopal Polity

Episcopal Polity An episcopal polity is a hierarchical form of church governance (“ecclesiastical polity”) in which the chief local authorities are called bishops. (The word “bishop” derives, via the British Latin and Vulgar Latin term *ebiscopus/*biscopus, from the Ancient Greek ἐπίσκοπος epískopos meaning “overseer”.) It is the structure used by many of the...

Paschal Lamb with the banner symbolising Christ's resurrection. Stained Glass, Anglican cathedral at Guildford, Surrey, England.

Paschal Mystery

Paschal Mystery The Paschal mystery is one of the central concepts of the Catholic faith relating to the history of salvation. According to the Compendium of the Catechism of the Catholic Church, “The Paschal Mystery of Jesus, which comprises his passion, death, resurrection, and glorification, stands at the center of the Christian faith because God’s...

Religious orders in the Annuario Pontificio

Catholic Religious Orders

Catholic Religious Orders Catholic Religious Orders are a community of consecrated life with members that profess solemn vows. They are classed as a type of the religious institute. Subcategories of religious orders are canons regular (canons and canonesses regular who recite the Divine Office and serve a church and perhaps a parish); monastics (monks or nuns living and working in a monastery and reciting the...

Fortune Cookie Lucky Asian Chinese Dessert

What Is Predestination?

What Is Predestination? Predestination (Latin præ, destinare), taken in its widest meaning, is every Divine decree by which God, owing to His infallible prescience of the future, has appointed and ordained from eternity all events occurring in time, especially those which directly proceed from, or at least are influenced by, man’s free will. It includes all historical facts, as for...

Clock and Big Bang

Predestination In Catholicism

Predestination In Catholicism Predestination in Catholicism is the Catholic Church‘s teachings on predestination and Catholic saints‘ views on it. The church believes that predestination is not based on anything external to God – for example, the grace of baptism is not merited but given freely to those who receive baptism – since predestination was formulated before the foundation of the...

In Harrowing of Hades, fresco in the parecclesion of the Chora Church, Istanbul, c. 1315, raising Adam and Eve is depicted as part of the Resurrection icon, as it always is in the East.

Harrowing Of Hell

Harrowing Of Hell In Christian theology, the Harrowing of Hell (Descensus Christi ad Inferos, “the descent of Christ into Hell“ or Hades), is an Old English and Middle English term referring to the period of time between the Crucifixion of Jesus and his resurrection. In triumphant descent, Christ brought salvation to the souls held captive there since...

Panorama of St. Peter's Square

Criticism Of The Catholic Church

Criticism Of The Catholic Church This article covers the criticism of the Catholic Church in detail. During its long history, the Catholic Church has been subject to criticism regarding various beliefs and practices. Within the Church, this includes differences of opinion regarding the use of Latin at Mass and the subject...