Islam

Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah), and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. It is the world’s second-largest religion with over 1.8 billion followers or 24% of the world’s population, most commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, unique and has guided humankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (c. 570 – 8 June 632 CE).

 

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. Muslims consider the Quran to be the unaltered and final revelation of God. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a final judgment with the righteous rewarded paradise and unrighteous punished in hell. Religious concepts and practices include the Five Pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law (sharia), which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from banking and welfare to women and the environment. The cities of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam.

Imamah (Shia doctrine)

Imamate

Imamate in Shia doctrine In Shia Islam, the Imamate (Imamah, إمامة‎) is a doctrine which asserts that certain individuals from the lineage of the Islamic prophet Muhammad are to be accepted as leaders and guides of the ummah after the death of Muhammad. Imamah further says that Imams possess divine...

Hujjat-Allah al-Mahdi

Occultation in Shia Islam

Occultation in Shia Islam Occultation in Shia Islam refers to a belief that the messianic figure known as the Mahdi, a cultivated male descendant of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, has already been born and subsequently went into hiding, from which he will one day emerge and establish a global Islamic...

Holy Spirit coming down

Paraclete

Paraclete Paraclete (παράκλητος, paracletus) means advocate or helper. In Christianity, the term “paraclete” most commonly refers to the Holy Spirit. Many Muslim writers have argued that “another Paraclete” (John 14:16)—the first being Jesus—refers to Muhammad. This claim is based on Quran 61:6. Etymology Paraclete comes from the Koine Greek word παράκλητος (paráklētos). A combination...

Downtown Dubai Uae Tourism City People Buildings

Islamic Modernism

Islamic Modernism Islamic Modernism is a movement that has been described as “the first Muslim ideological response to the Western cultural challenge” attempting to reconcile the Islamic faith with modern values such as democracy, civil rights, rationality, equality, and progress. It featured a “critical reexamination of the classical conceptions and methods of jurisprudence” and a...

Ibadi people living in the M'zab valley in Algeria

Ibadi Islam

Ibadi Islam Ibadi Islam or The Ibadi movement (Ibadism or Ibāḍiyya, also known as the Ibadis (الإباضية‎, al-Ibāḍiyyah)), is a school of Islam dominant in Oman. It also exists in parts of Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and East Africa. Modern historians trace the origins of the denomination to a moderate current of the Khawarij movement; contemporary Ibāḍīs strongly object to being classified as Kharijites, although they recognize...

Center for Contemporary Arts Afghanistan (CCAA) in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Women’s Liberation Through Islam

Women’s Liberation Through Islam Today people think that women are liberated in the West and that the women’s liberation movement began in the 20th century. Actually, the women’s liberation movement was not begun by women but was revealed by God to a man in the seventh century by the name...

Kaaba and modernity

Islam and Modern Life

Islam and Modern Life Man is not the only living being which leads a social life. Many animals, especially insects, are gregarious. They follow sensible but fixed rules of co-operation, division of labour, production and distribution, and giving and receiving orders. The bees, and certain kinds of ants and termites...

Woman Seaside Arabic Female Arabian Islam Women

Women Bearing Witness in Islam

Women Bearing Witness in Islam In some instances of bearing witness to certain civil contracts, two men are required or one man and two women. Again, this is no indication of the woman being inferior to man. It is a measure of securing the rights of the contracting parties, because...

A Muslim woman reading the Quran

How Does Islam Elevate The Status of Women?

How Does Islam Elevate The Status of Women? According to the Qur’an, men and women are equal before God; women are not blamed for violating the “forbidden tree,” nor is their suffering in pregnancy and childbirth a punishment for that act. Islam sees a woman, whether single or married, as...

A scene from a female-majority class at the Psychology Department of Uludağ University in Bursa, Turkey. In Turkey, 47.5% of staff at the top five universities are female, a higher proportion than for their equivalents in the United States (35.9%), Denmark (31%) and Japan (12.7%).[62]

Islam and the Position of Women

Islam and the Position of Women The West’s vociferous partisans of Women’s Lib. have no idea of the revolutionary leap forward in women’s position which Islam brought about. In the days of Islam’s first appearance the position of women was that of chattels of the men – little above the...

Coffee Pulverize Swiss Painting Mortars Women

Dress Code in Islam

Dress Code in Islam Is There an Islamic Code of Conduct Concerning Way of Dressing? There are no formal rules in Islam concerned with the way one wears one’s hair, the style of clothing (Dress Code in Islam) or anything else related to external appearance. What is important in Islam...

Protesters carry candles as they shout slogans during a demonstration to mark the first anniversary of the Delhi gang rape in New Delhi, India. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Women’s Rights in Islam?

Women’s Rights in Islam? Women’s Rights in Islam is a very comprehensive subject. From one perspective it is open to debate. It’s very difficult to summarize my thoughts on this kind of platform. In one sense we don’t separate men and women. In another sense there are physical and psychological...

Polygamy, Jewish Museum

Polygamy in Islam

Polygamy in Islam In this time of sexual permissiveness and sexual scandals within certain religious and social circles, some people are claiming that polygamy is a social evil. Why, they ask, did Prophet Muhammad practice it? Some critics of Islam have reviled the Prophet as a self-indulgent libertine. They have...

Black Sea Sunset Women Abendstimmung Backlighting

Women in Islam: Fethullah Gülen’s Perspective

Women in Islam: Fethullah Gülen’s Perspective The intellectual debates in Turkey on the status of women in Islam have not been different than the rest of the Islamic world. As in any Muslim intellectual circle, feminism and its critics were the topics of many debates among the Turkish intellectuals. Western...

The Tyndale Bible was the basis for later English translations.

Islamic View of the Bible

Islamic View of the Bible Muslims believe in Christianity‘s Holy Book, but Islamic view of Bible much different than Christians. The Quran mentions the Torah, the Zabur (“Psalms“) and the Injil (“Gospel“) as being revealed by God to the prophets Moses, David and Jesus respectively in the same way the Quran was revealed to Muhammad,...

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Why is Slaughtering Animals Prescribed as it is

Why is Slaughtering Animals Prescribed as it is Muslims are permitted to slaughter animals for food, and the manner of doing so is carefully prescribed in the Qur’an and Sunna. To depart from that prescribed manner is to render the meat of the animal unlawful, that is, to make it haram. It...

A magic carpet, which can be used to transport its passengers quickly or instantaneously to their destination.

Islamic Literature

Islamic Literature In the 2000’s academics have moved beyond evaluations of differences between Islamic and non-Islamic literature to studies such as comparisons of the novelization of various contemporary Islamic literatures and points of confluency with political themes, such as nationalism. Literary genres Fiction The best known fiction from the Islamic world is The...

Ilkhanate Empire ruler, Ghazan, studying the Quran

Islamic Studies

Islamic Studies Islamic studies refers to the academic study of Islam. Islamic studies can be seen under at least two perspectives: From a secular perspective, Islamic studies is a field of academic research whose subject is Islam as religion and civilization. From a traditional Islamic perspective, Islamic studies is an umbrella term for the...

World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2014).

Muslim World

Muslim World The terms Muslim world and Islamic world commonly refer to the Islamic community, which is also known as the Ummah. This consists of all those who adhere to the religion of Islam, or to societies where Islam is practiced. In a modern geopolitical sense, these terms refer to countries where Islam is widespread, although there are...

Al-Masjid an-Nabawi

Allah’s Messenger, Muhammad’s Achievements

Allah’s Messenger, Muhammad’s Achievements Speaking about the Time of Happiness and Allah’s Messenger, Muhammad (pbuh) We must be very sensitive about introducing Allah’s Messenger, Muhammad (pbuh). The fact that some people dislike Allah’s Messenger, Muhammad (pbuh) nowadays can be attributed to the fact that they were not informed about him...

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