Islam

Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah), and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. It is the world’s second-largest religion with over 1.8 billion followers or 24% of the world’s population, most commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, unique and has guided humankind through prophets, revealed scriptures and natural signs. The primary scriptures of Islam are the Quran, viewed by Muslims as the verbatim word of God, and the teachings and normative example (called the sunnah, composed of accounts called hadith) of Muhammad (c. 570 – 8 June 632 CE).

 

Muslims believe that Islam is the complete and universal version of a primordial faith that was revealed many times before through prophets including Adam, Abraham, Moses and Jesus. Muslims consider the Quran to be the unaltered and final revelation of God. Like other Abrahamic religions, Islam also teaches a final judgment with the righteous rewarded paradise and unrighteous punished in hell. Religious concepts and practices include the Five Pillars of Islam, which are obligatory acts of worship, and following Islamic law (sharia), which touches on virtually every aspect of life and society, from banking and welfare to women and the environment. The cities of Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem are home to the three holiest sites in Islam.

Basmala

Islamic Concept of God

Angels

Angels in Islam

Types of angels

Beings and Forces in Quran and Authentic Hadith

FAQ about Angels, Satan and Jinn

Holy Books (Revelations)

The Holy Quran (read more)

Prophets

Prophethood and Messengerhood

Prophets and messengers in Islam

Muhammad
Jesus
Mary, Mother of Jesus

FAQ

The Day of Judgment Day

Afterlife

Islamic eschatology

Resurrection and Judgment

Death and Human spirit

Soul
Spirit
Places

FAQ on death, human spirit, and resurrection

Predestination, Destiny, Free will, and Divine will

Islamic-Dua

Islamic Practice

Worship and prayers

Prayers

Pilgrimage

Fasting

Charity

FAQ about worship

Sin and Repentance in Islam

Islamic spirituality

Wisdom in Islam

Character

Law

Jihad

Etiquette and diet

Islam and other religions

Criticism

 

Islamic Society

Family life

Women in Islam

Education

Festivals

 Government and politics

Social responsibilities

Islamic Culture

Islamic History

Muhammad’s revelation (610–632)

Caliphate and civil strife (632–750)

Classical era (750–1258)

Pre-Modern era

Postmodern times (20th century–present)

Schools and branches

Islamic Philosophy and Theology

Islamic philosophy

Muslim philosophers

Islamic Theology

Defense Protection Threat Immune System Imunabwehr

Ismah

Ismah Ismah or ‘Isma (عِصْمَة‎; literally, “protection”) is the concept of incorruptible innocence, immunity from sin, or moral infallibility in Islamic theology, and which is especially prominent in Shia Islam. In Shia theology, ‘ismah is characteristic of prophets, imams, and angels. When attributed to human beings, ismah means “the ability of avoiding acts of disobedience, in spite of having...

Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal

Hadith of Warning

Hadith of Warning The Hadith of Warning or Yawm al-Inzar (یوْمُ الْاِنذار‎), also known as the Invitation of the close families of Muhammad (دعوة ذو العشیرة – Da‘wat dhul-‘Ashīrah), was a hadith in which the Islamic prophet Muhammad attempted to warn his relatives to become Muslim. Narration The hadith is narrated in the context of the revelation of Ash-Shu’ara,...

Imam Ali Mosque in Najaf, Iraq, where Ali is buried.

Shia View of Ali

Shia View of Ali Ali ibn Abi Talib was the cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, and a member of the Ahl al-Bayt. Shias regard Ali as the first Imam and consider him, along with his descendants, to be one of the divinely appointed successors of Muhammad who are claimed by the Shia...

Kid Praying Muslim Islam Faith Religious Prayer

Children’s Faith in Islam

Children’s Faith in Islam Eliminating Any Questions in the Child’s Mind from the Very Beginning Your children may have some questions concerning prayers and other religious matters. Introverted children are usually too shy to ask their parents such questions. However, it is of great importance that children open up and...

Outline of Islam

Outline of Islam Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah), and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. It is the world’s second-largest religion with over 1.8 billion followers or 24% of the world’s population, most commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches...

Imamah (Shia doctrine)

Imamate

Imamate in Shia doctrine In Shia Islam, the Imamate (Imamah, إمامة‎) is a doctrine which asserts that certain individuals from the lineage of the Islamic prophet Muhammad are to be accepted as leaders and guides of the ummah after the death of Muhammad. Imamah further says that Imams possess divine...

Hujjat-Allah al-Mahdi

Occultation in Shia Islam

Occultation in Shia Islam Occultation in Shia Islam refers to a belief that the messianic figure known as the Mahdi, a cultivated male descendant of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, has already been born and subsequently went into hiding, from which he will one day emerge and establish a global Islamic...

Holy Spirit coming down

Paraclete

Paraclete Paraclete (παράκλητος, paracletus) means advocate or helper. In Christianity, the term “paraclete” most commonly refers to the Holy Spirit. Many Muslim writers have argued that “another Paraclete” (John 14:16)—the first being Jesus—refers to Muhammad. This claim is based on Quran 61:6. Etymology Paraclete comes from the Koine Greek word παράκλητος (paráklētos). A combination...

Downtown Dubai Uae Tourism City People Buildings

Islamic Modernism

Islamic Modernism Islamic Modernism is a movement that has been described as “the first Muslim ideological response to the Western cultural challenge” attempting to reconcile the Islamic faith with modern values such as democracy, civil rights, rationality, equality, and progress. It featured a “critical reexamination of the classical conceptions and methods of jurisprudence” and a...

Ibadi people living in the M'zab valley in Algeria

Ibadi Islam

Ibadi Islam Ibadi Islam or The Ibadi movement (Ibadism or Ibāḍiyya, also known as the Ibadis (الإباضية‎, al-Ibāḍiyyah)), is a school of Islam dominant in Oman. It also exists in parts of Algeria, Tunisia, Libya and East Africa. Modern historians trace the origins of the denomination to a moderate current of the Khawarij movement; contemporary Ibāḍīs strongly object to being classified as Kharijites, although they recognize...

Center for Contemporary Arts Afghanistan (CCAA) in Kabul, Afghanistan.

Women’s Liberation Through Islam

Women’s Liberation Through Islam Today people think that women are liberated in the West and that the women’s liberation movement began in the 20th century. Actually, the women’s liberation movement was not begun by women but was revealed by God to a man in the seventh century by the name...

Kaaba and modernity

Islam and Modern Life

Islam and Modern Life Man is not the only living being which leads a social life. Many animals, especially insects, are gregarious. They follow sensible but fixed rules of co-operation, division of labour, production and distribution, and giving and receiving orders. The bees, and certain kinds of ants and termites...

Woman Seaside Arabic Female Arabian Islam Women

Women Bearing Witness in Islam

Women Bearing Witness in Islam In some instances of bearing witness to certain civil contracts, two men are required or one man and two women. Again, this is no indication of the woman being inferior to man. It is a measure of securing the rights of the contracting parties, because...

A Muslim woman reading the Quran

How Does Islam Elevate The Status of Women?

How Does Islam Elevate The Status of Women? According to the Qur’an, men and women are equal before God; women are not blamed for violating the “forbidden tree,” nor is their suffering in pregnancy and childbirth a punishment for that act. Islam sees a woman, whether single or married, as...

A scene from a female-majority class at the Psychology Department of Uludağ University in Bursa, Turkey. In Turkey, 47.5% of staff at the top five universities are female, a higher proportion than for their equivalents in the United States (35.9%), Denmark (31%) and Japan (12.7%).[62]

Islam and the Position of Women

Islam and the Position of Women The West’s vociferous partisans of Women’s Lib. have no idea of the revolutionary leap forward in women’s position which Islam brought about. In the days of Islam’s first appearance the position of women was that of chattels of the men – little above the...

Coffee Pulverize Swiss Painting Mortars Women

Dress Code in Islam

Dress Code in Islam Is There an Islamic Code of Conduct Concerning Way of Dressing? There are no formal rules in Islam concerned with the way one wears one’s hair, the style of clothing (Dress Code in Islam) or anything else related to external appearance. What is important in Islam...

Protesters carry candles as they shout slogans during a demonstration to mark the first anniversary of the Delhi gang rape in New Delhi, India. (Adnan Abidi/Reuters)

Women’s Rights in Islam?

Women’s Rights in Islam? Women’s Rights in Islam is a very comprehensive subject. From one perspective it is open to debate. It’s very difficult to summarize my thoughts on this kind of platform. In one sense we don’t separate men and women. In another sense there are physical and psychological...

Polygamy, Jewish Museum

Polygamy in Islam

Polygamy in Islam In this time of sexual permissiveness and sexual scandals within certain religious and social circles, some people are claiming that polygamy is a social evil. Why, they ask, did Prophet Muhammad practice it? Some critics of Islam have reviled the Prophet as a self-indulgent libertine. They have...

Black Sea Sunset Women Abendstimmung Backlighting

Women in Islam: Fethullah Gülen’s Perspective

Women in Islam: Fethullah Gülen’s Perspective The intellectual debates in Turkey on the status of women in Islam have not been different than the rest of the Islamic world. As in any Muslim intellectual circle, feminism and its critics were the topics of many debates among the Turkish intellectuals. Western...

The Tyndale Bible was the basis for later English translations.

Islamic View of the Bible

Islamic View of the Bible Muslims believe in Christianity‘s Holy Book, but Islamic view of Bible much different than Christians. The Quran mentions the Torah, the Zabur (“Psalms“) and the Injil (“Gospel“) as being revealed by God to the prophets Moses, David and Jesus respectively in the same way the Quran was revealed to Muhammad,...

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