Islamic Concept of God


Angels in Islam

Types of angels

Beings and Forces in Quran and Authentic Hadith

FAQ about Angels, Satan and Jinn

Holy Books (Revelations)

The Holy Quran (read more)


Prophethood and Messengerhood

Prophets and messengers in Islam

Mary, Mother of Jesus


The Day of Judgment Day


Islamic eschatology

Resurrection and Judgment

Death and Human spirit


FAQ on death, human spirit, and resurrection

Predestination, Destiny, Free will, and Divine will


Islamic Practice

Worship and prayers





FAQ about worship

Sin and Repentance in Islam

Islamic spirituality

Wisdom in Islam




Etiquette and diet

Islam and other religions



Islamic Society

Family life

Women in Islam



 Government and politics

Social responsibilities

Islamic Culture

Islamic History

Muhammad’s revelation (610–632)

Caliphate and civil strife (632–750)

Classical era (750–1258)

Pre-Modern era

Postmodern times (20th century–present)

Schools and branches

Islamic Philosophy and Theology

Islamic philosophy

Muslim philosophers

Islamic Theology

Left: the Shrine of Imam Ḥusayn; Right: the Mosque of Imam Ḥusayn premises during Arba'een.

Hadith al-Thaqalayn

Hadith al-Thaqalayn The Hadith al-Thaqalayn (حديث الثقلين, l‘ saying of the two treasures’) refers to a hadith (‘saying’) attributed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad that introduces the Quran and his progeny as the only sources of divine guidance after his death. Widely reported by both Shia and Sunni authorities, the Hadith al-Thaqalayn is of particular significance for the Twelver Shia, where...

Battle of Karbala, Brooklyn Museum

Battle Of Karbala

Battle Of Karbala The Battle of Karbala (مَعْرَكَة كَرْبَلَاء) was fought on 10 October 680 (10 Muharram in the year 61 AH of the Islamic calendar) between the army of the second Umayyad Caliph Yazid I and a small army led by Husayn ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, at Karbala, modern day Iraq. Prior to his death, the Umayyad...

Arabic calligraphy of the Verse of Purification

Verse Of Purification

Verse Of Purification The Verse of Purification (آية التطهير) refers to verse 33:33 of the Quran about the status of purity of the Ahl al-Bayt (‘people of the house’). The last passage of this verse reads: God only desires (innama yuridu llahu) to remove defilement (rijs) from you, O Ahl al-Bayt, and to purify...

Hundreds of ShiÕa Muslims gather around the Husayn Mosque in Karbala after making the Pilgrimage on foot during Arba'een. Arba'een is a forty day period that commemorates the martyrdom of Husayn bin Ali, grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, and seventy-two of his followers at the Battle of Karbala in the year 680AD.

Husayn ibn Ali

Husayn ibn Ali Husayn ibn Ali or Abū ʿAbd Allāh al-Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib (أبو عبد الله الحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب, 10 January 626 – 10 October 680), also known as Husayn ibn Ali or Imam Husayn, was a grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a son of Ali ibn Abi...

Coin minted in present-day Iran in 30 AH (661-662 CE), during Hasan's caliphate; the Arabic phrase lillah (lit. 'for Allah') appears in the margin.

Hasan ibn Ali

Hasan ibn Ali Hasan ibn Ali (حسن ابن علي, Ḥasan ibn ʿAlī; c. 625 – 2 April 670) was a prominent early Islamic figure. He was the eldest son of Ali and Fatima and a grandson of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He briefly ruled as caliph from January 661 until August 661. He is considered the second Shia Imam, succeeding Ali and...

The location of Fatima's house in the Prophet's Mosque in Medina, present-day Saudi Arabia

Attack On Fatima’s House

Attack On Fatima’s House The attack on Fatima’s house refers to a disputed violent attack on the house of Fatima, daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. The attack reportedly took place shortly after Muhammad’s death in 11 AH (632 CE) and was instigated by Muhammad’s successor Abu Bakr and led by Umar, an aide to Abu Bakr. The...

Artwork showing the name of Fatima al-Zahra in Arabic, made from stainless steel and reconstructed from the original Safavid piece


Fatimah Fatima or Fatimah (Fatimah binte Muhammad, Fāṭima bint Muḥammad, فَاطِمَة ٱبْنَت مُحَمَّد, 605/15–632 CE), commonly known as Fāṭima al-Zahrāʾ (فَاطِمَة ٱلزَّهْرَاء), was the daughter of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his wife Khadija. Fatima’s husband was Ali, the fourth of the Rashidun Caliphs and the first Shia Imam. Fatima’s sons were Hasan and Husayn, the second and third Shia Imams, respectively. Fatima...

Names of the Ahl al-Kisa in Arabic calligraphy

Ahl al-Kisa

Ahl al-Kisa Ahl al-Kisa (أَهْل ٱلْكِسَاء, Ahl al-Kisāʾ, ‘people of the cloak’, ʾAhl al-Kisāʾ ), also known as the Aal al-Aba (آل ٱلْعَبَاء, ʾĀl al-ʿAbāʾ ), are the Islamic prophet Muhammad, his daughter Fatima, his cousin and son-in-law Ali, and his two grandsons Hasan and Husayn. The name has its origins in the Hadith of Kisa and the Event of Mubahala, both widely...

Imam Ali's Shrine in Najaf, Iraq, is one of the holiest sites in Shia Islam.


Anti-Shiism Anti-Shiism or Anti-Shi’ism is hatred of, prejudice against, discrimination against, persecution of, and violence against Shia Muslims because of their religious beliefs, traditions, and cultural heritage. The term was first used by Shia Rights Watch in 2011, but it has been used in informal research and written in scholarly articles for decades. The dispute over who was the rightful successor to Muhammad resulted in...

Al Hakim Mosque, Islamic Cairo.

Origin Of Shia Islam

Origin Of Shia Islam The article covers the origin of Shia Islam. Shia Islam originated as a response to questions of Islamic religious leadership which became manifest as early as the death of Muhammad in 632 CE. The issues involved not only whom to appoint as the successor to Muhammad, but also what attributes a true successor...

Branching of Ismāʿilism within Shiʻa Islam at a glance. (Note: Kaysani's Imam Hanafiyyah is descendant of Ali from Ali's wife Khawlah, not Fatimah.)

History Of Shia Islam

History Of Shia Islam This article covers the History of Shia Islam. Shi‘a Islam, also known as Shi‘ite Islam or Shi‘ism, is the second largest branch of Islam after Sunni Islam. Shias adhere to the teachings of Muhammad and the religious guidance of his family (who are referred to as the Ahl al-Bayt) or his descendants known as Shia...

Ḍarīẖ over ʿAlī's qabr (grave), Sanctuary of Imām ʿAlī, Najaf (present-day Iraq)

What Is Shi’a Islam?

What Is Shi’a Islam? Shi’a Islam or Shi`ism (Arabic شيعة, Persian: شیعه) is the second largest school within Islam. Shi’a Muslims adhere to the teachings of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his Ahlul Bayt (family). Shi’as believe that the Imam – their preferred title for the political and religious leader of the Muslim community must belong to...

1989 demonstration against "The Satanic Verses" in Den Haag, Netherlands

Islam And blasphemy

Islam And blasphemy This article covers the relationship between Islam and blasphemy. Blasphemy in Islam is an impious utterance or action concerning God but is broader than in normal English usage, including not only the mocking or vilifying of attributes of Islam but denying any of the fundamental beliefs of the religion....

The Great Mosque of Kairouan (also known as the Mosque of Uqba) in the city of Kairouan, Tunisia, was, particularly from the 9th—11th century, an important center of Islamic learning with an emphasis on the Maliki Madh'hab.

What Is Sunni Islam?

What Is Sunni Islam? Sunni Islam is the largest branch of Islam, followed by 85–90% of the world’s Muslims. Its name comes from the word Sunnah, referring to the tradition of Muhammad. The differences between Sunni and Shia Muslims arose from a disagreement over the succession to Muhammad and subsequently acquired broader political significance, as well as theological and juridical dimensions. According to Sunni traditions,...

Mosque Minarets Architecture Hagia Sophia


Sufyani Reports about Sufyani are available in both Sunni and Shia Hadith. Sufyani is not to be confused with another villainous figure of end times, the Dajjal. It is said that he will kill children and rip out the bellies of women. The Sufyani will murder those from the household of the Prophet and...

Events in Islamic eschatology based on Sunan Abu Dawood, "Battles" (Kitab Al-Malahim).

Signs Of The Coming Of Judgement Day

Signs Of The Coming Of Judgement Day This article covers the signs of the coming of Judgement Day in Islam. In Islam, the Day of Judgement is preceded by “signs” (علامات الساعة; alāmāt al-sā’a, also ishārāt al-sāʿa) or portents of its arrival. Judgment Day, also known as the Final Judgement, (یوم القيامة, Yawm al-qiyāmah, lit.‘Day of Resurrection‘ or یوم...

Limbo and Purgatory

Judgement Day In Islam

Judgement Day In Islam This article covers Judgement Day In Islam. In Islam, “the promise and threat” (waʿd wa-waʿīd) of Judgment Day ( یوم القيامة, Yawm al-qiyāmah, ‘Day of Resurrection‘ or Arabic: یوم الدین, Yawm ad-din, ‘Day of Judgement’), when “all bodies will be resurrected” from the dead, and “all persons” are “called to account” for...

Islamic calligraphy

Attributes Of God: Islamic Concepts

Attributes Of God: Islamic Concepts This article covers the Attributes Of God: Islamic Concepts. The word ṣifah (“attribute”; pl., ṣifāt ) is not found in the Qurʾān, but the verbal noun waṣf does appear there one time (6:139), and the imperfect of the first form of the verb thirteen times in the sense of “to ascribe...

Background Pattern Dragon Eye Dragon Mystique Sea

Concept Of God In Islam

Concept Of God In Islam This is a brief article about the Concept of God in Islam. Monotheism, the belief in one God, is the most important and foundational concept in Islam. Muslims believe in one God who created the universe and has power over everything within it. He is...

Islamic drawing, a Madrasa


Luqman The Wise Luqman (لقمان, Luqmān; also known as Luqman the Wise or Luqman al-Hakeem) was a wise man after whom Surah Luqman, the 31st sura (chapter) of the Quran, was named. Luqman (c. 1100 BC) is believed to have been from Nubia or from Egypt. There are many stories about Luqman in Persian, Arabic and Turkish literature, with the primary historical sources for his life being Tafsir...