Christianity

Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus is the Christ, whose coming as the messiah was prophesied in the Hebrew Bible, called the Old Testament in Christianity, and chronicled in the New Testament. It is the world’s largest religion with about 2.4 billion followers.

 

Christianity remains culturally diverse in its Western and Eastern branches, as well as in its doctrines concerning justification and the nature of salvation, ecclesiology, ordination, and Christology. Their creeds generally hold in common Jesus as the Son of God—the logos incarnated—who ministered, suffered, and died on a cross, but rose from the dead for the salvation of mankind; as referred to as the gospel, meaning the “good news“, in the Bible (scripture). Describing Jesus’ life and teachings are the four canonical gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John with the Jewish Old Testament as the gospel’s respected background.

Main articles

History of Christianity

Christian theology

Wisdom in Christianity

Faith in Christianity

Sin and Salvation

Death and afterlife

Eschatology

God in Christianity

Symbols

Trinity

God as Trinity

God the Father

God the Son

God the Holy Spirit

Son of God

History of Trinity

Trinity in Scripture

Trinity related issues

Non-Christian Views of the Trinity

Jesus

From birth to the Passion

The Passion

Resurrection and Ascension

Coming of Jesus (End Time)

Perspectives

Depictions of Jesus

Associated relics

FAQ about Jesus

Practices

Christian practices

Prayer

Worship Eucharist Celebration Of The Eucharist

Celebration Of The Eucharist

Celebrated days

Worship

Christianity’s Religious Texts

Holy Bible Bible Catholic Christian Religion Faith

The Holy Bible

The Bible

Old Testament articles

New Testament

Old Testament

Doctrines and laws

Branches of Christianity

Catholic denominational families

Catholicism

Nature of God

Catholic belief

Saints and devotions

Virgin Mary

Sacraments

Liturgy

Catholic denominations

Prayers

History

Arms of Vatican City State

Arms of Vatican City State

Organisation

Catholic Spirituality

More on Catholicism

Eastern denominational families

Eastern Christianity

Spirituality in Eastern Christianity

Role of Christians in the Islamic culture

See also: Christian influences in Islam

Protestant denominational families

What is Protestantism?

History of Protestantism?

Protestant denominations

Nontrinitarian denominational families

Main articles

Traditional Christian groups

Modern Christian groups

Mormonism

Christianity and other beliefs

Influence on western culture

Criticism, persecution, and apologetics

Christianity and society

A depiction in stained glass: "thy mother Mary fled into Egypt"

Christianity Quotes

Christianity Quotes We have collected and put the best Christianity quotes from around the world. Enjoy reading these insights and feel free to share this page on your social media to inspire others. May these Christianity quotes on many subjects inspire you to never give up and keep working towards...

John Calvin in death bed

Prayers of John Calvin

Prayers of John Calvin We have collected some of the best prayers of John Calvin to use in request to God. May these prayers for safety bring you comfort and peace of mind. May these prayers for strength encourage your spirit and strengthen your faith. John Calvin (Jean Calvin; born Jehan Cauvin;...

Teresa of Ávila

Mental Prayer

Mental Prayer Mental prayer is a form of prayer recommended in the Catholic Church whereby one loves God through dialogue, meditating on God’s words, and contemplation of Christ’s face. It is distinguished from vocal prayers which use set prayers, although mental prayer can proceed by using vocal prayers in order to improve dialogue with God....

The Angelus by Millet

Prayer In The Catholic Church

Prayer In The Catholic Church Prayer in the Catholic Church is “the raising of one’s mind and heart to God or the requesting of good things from God.” It is an act of the moral virtue of religion, which Catholic theologians identify as a part of the cardinal virtue of justice....

Mealtime Prayer

Common Table Prayer

Common Table Prayer The Common Table Prayer is probably the best known mealtime prayer among North American Lutherans. Several other variations also exist. History The Common Table Prayer was first published in the year 1753 in a Moravian hymnal, Etwas vom Liede Mosis, des Knechts Gottes, und dem Liede des Lammes, das ist: Alt- und neuer Brüder-Gesang. The title was...

Opportunity Millennials Expectations Struggle

Millennialism

Millennialism Millennialism or chiliasm (from the Greek equivalent) is a belief advanced by some religious denominations that a Golden Age or Paradise will occur on Earth prior to the final judgment and future eternal state of the “World to Come“. Christianity and Judaism have both produced messianic movements which featured millennialist teachings—such as the notion that an earthly kingdom of God was at hand. These...

Geneva Bible

Geneva Bible

Geneva Bible The Geneva Bible is one of the most historically significant translations of the Bible into English, preceding the King James Version by 51 years. It was the primary Bible of 16th-century English Protestantism and was used by William Shakespeare, Oliver Cromwell, John Knox, John Donne, and John Bunyan, author of The Pilgrim’s Progress (1678). It was one of the Bibles taken to...

Iconoclasm was caused by the Protestant rejection of the Roman Catholic saints. Zurich, 1524.

History of Protestantism

History of Protestantism Protestantism originated from the Protestation at Speyer in 1529, where the nobility protested against enforcement of the Edict of Worms which subjected advocates of Lutheranism to forfeiture of all of their property. However, the theological underpinnings go back much further, as Protestant theologians of the time cited both Church Fathers and the Apostles to justify their...

The wedding of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.

Byzantine Rite

Byzantine Rite The Byzantine Rite, also known as the Greek Rite or the Rite of Constantinople, identifies the wide range of cultural, liturgical, and canonical practices that developed in the Eastern Orthodox Church of Constantinople. The canonical hours are very long and complicated, lasting about eight hours (longer during Great Lent) but are abridged outside of large monasteries. An iconostasis,...

Maramon Mar Thoma Church (2005)

Eastern Protestant Christianity

Eastern Protestant Christianity The term Eastern Protestant Christianity (or Eastern Reformed Christianity), as well as Oriental Protestant Christianity, encompasses a range of heterogeneous Protestant Christian denominations that developed outside of the Occident, from the latter half of the nineteenth century and yet keeps elements of Eastern Christianity, to varying degrees....

Bled Slovenia Europe Church Body Of Water Travel

Byzantine Rite Lutheranism

Byzantine Rite Lutheranism Byzantine Rite Lutheranism (also known as Byzantine Lutheranism or Eastern Lutheranism) refers to Lutheran Churches, such as those of Ukraine and Slovenia, that use a form of the Byzantine Rite as their liturgy. It is unique in that it is based on the Eastern Christian rite used...

Nestorian priests in a procession on Palm Sunday, in a seventh- or eighth-century wall painting from a Nestorian church in Qocho, China

Nestorianism

Nestorianism Nestorianism is a polysemic term, used in Christian theology and Church history as a designation for several mutually related but doctrinarily distinctive sets of teachings. The first meaning of the term is related to the original teachings of Christian theologian Nestorius (d. c. 450) who promoted specific doctrines in the fields of Christology and Mariology. The second meaning of the term is much...

Moscow Saint Basil's Cathedral

True Orthodoxy

True Orthodoxy True Orthodoxy, or Genuine Orthodoxy (“Church of True Orthodox Christians”; “True Orthodox Church”), often pejoratively referred to as “Zealotry“, is a movement within Eastern Orthodox Christianity that has been separated from the mainstream Eastern Orthodox Church over issues of ecumenism and calendar reform since the 1920s. Population Those...

Orthodox churches in Vologda, Russia

History of the Eastern Orthodox Church

History of the Eastern Orthodox Church According to the Eastern Orthodox tradition the history of the Eastern Orthodox Church is traced back to Jesus Christ and the Apostles. The Apostles appointed successors, known as bishops, and they in turn appointed other bishops in a process known as Apostolic succession. Over time, five Patriarchates were established to organize the Christian world,...

Church Spilled Blood Church Of The Redeemer

History of Eastern Christianity

History of Eastern Christianity Christianity has been, historically a Middle Eastern religion with its origin in Judaism. Eastern Christianity refers collectively to the Christian traditions and churches which developed in the Middle East, Egypt, Asia Minor, the Far East, Balkans, Eastern Europe, Northeastern Africa and southern India over several centuries of religious antiquity. It is contrasted with Western Christianity which...

Nathan Söderblom is ordained as archbishop of the Church of Sweden, 1914. Although the Swedish Lutherans can boast of an unbroken line of ordinations going back prior to the Reformation, the bishops of Rome today do not recognize such ordinations as a valid due to the fact they occurred without authorization from the Roman See.

Criticism of Protestantism

Criticism of Protestantism Criticism of Protestantism covers critiques and questions raised about Protestantism, the Christian tradition which arose out of the Protestant Reformation. While critics praise Protestantism’s Christ-centered and Bible-centered faith, Protestantism is faced with criticism mainly from the Catholic Church and some Orthodox Churches, although Protestant denominations have also...

Christ Faith Sermon On The Mount God Jesus Clouds

Charismatic Movement

Charismatic Movement The charismatic movement is the international trend of historically mainstream Christian congregations adopting beliefs and practices similar to Pentecostalism. Fundamental to the movement is the use of spiritual gifts (charismata). Among mainline Protestants, the movement began around 1960. Among Roman Catholics, it originated around 1967. History The classic Pentecostalism movement usually traces its origin to the...

Worshippers at Holy Angel Catholic Church on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, by John H. White, 1973.

Black Church

Black Church The term Black Church refers to the body of Christian congregations and denominations in the United States that minister predominantly to African-Americans, as well as their collective traditions and members. The term can also refer to individual congregations. While most black congregations belong to predominantly African-American Protestant denominations,...

A Salvation Army band parade in Oxford, United Kingdom

The Salvation Army

The Salvation Army The Salvation Army (TSA) is a Christian church and an international charitable organisation. The organisation reports a worldwide membership of over 1.7 million, consisting of soldiers, officers and adherents collectively known as Salvationists. Its founders sought to bring salvation to the poor, destitute, and hungry by meeting both their “physical and spiritual...

Religion, Jesus, Baptism, Faith, Fish, Wave, CrossReligion Jesus Baptism Faith Fish Wave Cross

Outline of Protestantism

Outline of Protestantism Protestantism is one of the major groupings within Christianity, and has been defined as “any Western Christian who is not an adherent of a Catholic, Anglican, or Eastern Church,” though some consider Anglicanism to be Protestant as well. Protestantism is the second-largest form of Christianity with a...