Christianity

Christianity is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth. Its adherents, known as Christians, believe that Jesus is the Christ, whose coming as the messiah was prophesied in the Hebrew Bible, called the Old Testament in Christianity, and chronicled in the New Testament. It is the world’s largest religion with about 2.4 billion followers.

 

Christianity remains culturally diverse in its Western and Eastern branches, as well as in its doctrines concerning justification and the nature of salvation, ecclesiology, ordination, and Christology. Their creeds generally hold in common Jesus as the Son of God—the logos incarnated—who ministered, suffered, and died on a cross, but rose from the dead for the salvation of mankind; as referred to as the gospel, meaning the “good news“, in the Bible (scripture). Describing Jesus’ life and teachings are the four canonical gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John with the Jewish Old Testament as the gospel’s respected background.

Main articles

History of Christianity

Christian theology

Wisdom in Christianity

Faith in Christianity

Sin and Salvation

Death and afterlife

Eschatology

God in Christianity

Symbols

Trinity

God as Trinity

God the Father

God the Son

God the Holy Spirit

Son of God

History of Trinity

Trinity in Scripture

Trinity related issues

Non-Christian Views of the Trinity

Jesus

From birth to the Passion

The Passion

Resurrection and Ascension

Coming of Jesus (End Time)

Perspectives

Depictions of Jesus

Associated relics

FAQ about Jesus

Practices

Christian practices

Prayer

Worship Eucharist Celebration Of The Eucharist

Celebration Of The Eucharist

Celebrated days

Worship

Christianity’s Religious Texts

Holy Bible Bible Catholic Christian Religion Faith

The Holy Bible

The Bible

Old Testament articles

New Testament

Old Testament

Doctrines and laws

Branches of Christianity

Catholic denominational families

Catholicism

Nature of God

Catholic belief

Saints and devotions

Virgin Mary

Sacraments

Liturgy

Catholic denominations

Prayers

History

Arms of Vatican City State

Arms of Vatican City State

Organisation

Catholic Spirituality

More on Catholicism

Eastern denominational families

Eastern Christianity

Spirituality in Eastern Christianity

Role of Christians in the Islamic culture

See also: Christian influences in Islam

Protestant denominational families

What is Protestantism?

History of Protestantism?

Protestant denominations

Nontrinitarian denominational families

Main articles

Traditional Christian groups

Modern Christian groups

Mormonism

Christianity and other beliefs

Influence on western culture

Criticism, persecution, and apologetics

Christianity and society

Law and Grace painting by Lucas Cranach

Theology Of Martin Luther

Theology Of Martin Luther The theology of Martin Luther was instrumental in influencing the Protestant Reformation, specifically topics dealing with justification by faith, the relationship between the Law and Gospel (also an instrumental component of Reformed theology), and various other theological ideas. Although Luther never wrote a systematic theology or a “summa” in the style of St. Thomas...

The Harrowing of Hell as depicted by Fra Angelico

Justification In Christian Theology

Justification In Christian Theology Justification in Christian theology is God’s righteous act of removing the condemnation, guilt, and penalty of sin, by grace, while, at the same time, declaring the unrighteous to be righteous, through faith in Christ’s atoning sacrifice. The means of justification is an area of significant difference amongst the diverse theories of atonement defended within...

The Holy Spirit represented as a dove, Mitteleschenbach, Germany.

Holy Ghost

Holy Ghost Synopsis of the dogma The doctrine of the Catholic Church concerning the Holy Ghost forms an integral part of her teaching on the mystery of the Holy Trinity, of which St. Augustine (On the Holy Trinity I.3.5), speaking with diffidence, says: “In no other subject is the danger of erring so great, or the progress so difficult, or the fruit...

Dove Cross Hands Fire God Trinity Holy Triune

The Blessed Trinity

The Blessed Trinity The gift of grace renders the Blessed Trinity present to the soul in a new manner: that is, as the object of direct, though inchoative, knowledge and as the object of experimental love. This article is divided as follows: Dogma of the Trinity Proof of the doctrine...

A Protestant church altar and font, decorated for Pentecost with red flowering plants and green birch branches

Pentecost

Pentecost The Christian holiday of Pentecost is celebrated on the 50th day (the seventh Sunday) from Easter Sunday. It commemorates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus Christ while they were in Jerusalem celebrating the Feast of Weeks, as described in the Acts of the Apostles (Acts 2:1–31). The holiday is also called “Whit Sunday”, “Whitsunday” or...

Jesus with two disciples in Emmaus

Disciple

Disciple (Christianity) In Christianity, disciple primarily refers to a dedicated follower of Jesus. This term is found in the New Testament only in the Gospels and Acts. In the ancient world, a disciple is a follower or adherent of a teacher. Discipleship is not the same as being a student in the modern sense. A disciple in the ancient...

Missal Bible Pages Book Liturgical Book religion

Liturgical Books

Liturgical Books Under this name we understand all the books, published by the authority of any church, that contain the text and directions for her official (liturgical) services. It is now the book that forms the standard by which one has to judge whether a certain service or prayer or ceremony is official and liturgical or...

Cross Heart Jesus Christ Symbol Christian Faith

Easter Prayers

Easter Prayers We have collected some of the best Easter Prayers for protection and support to use in our request to God. May these prayers for safety bring you comfort and peace of mind. May these prayers for strength encourage your spirit and strengthen your faith. Easter, also called Pascha or...

The Sermon on the Mount. Carl Bloch, 1890

Unfulfilled Christian Religious Predictions

Unfulfilled Christian Religious Predictions This article lists unfulfilled Christian religious predictions that failed to come about in the specified time frame, listed by religious groups. Adventism, Millerism Adventism has its roots in the teachings of Baptist preacher by the name of William Miller. He first predicted the Second Advent of Jesus...

Holy Books of Mormonism

The Book Of Mormon 1

The Book Of Mormon The Book of Mormon is a religious text of the Latter Day Saint movement, which, according to Latter Day Saint theology, contains writings of ancient prophets who lived on the American continent from 600 BC to AD 421 and during an interlude dated by the text to the unspecified time of the Tower of Babel....

Bible Book Old Book Old Old Print Font To Read

Catholic Epistles

Catholic Epistles The catholic epistles (general epistles) are seven epistles of the New Testament. Listed in order of their appearance in the New Testament. Catholic Epistle, the name given to the Epistle of St. James, to that of St. Jude, to two Epistles of St. Peter and the first three of St. John,...

Emotions Faith Religion Spiritual Peace A Book

Luther Bible

Luther Bible The Luther Bible (Lutherbibel) is a German language Bible translation from Hebrew and ancient Greek by Martin Luther. The New Testament was first published in September 1522 and the complete Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments with Apocrypha, in 1534. Luther continued to make improvements to the text until 1545. It was the first full translation of the Bible...

Christ washing the feet of the Apostles, by Giotto di Bondone (Cappella Scrovegni a Padova)

Ablution In Christianity

Ablution In Christianity Ablution in Christianity is a prescribed washing of part or all of the body or possessions, such as clothing or ceremonial objects, with the intent of purification or dedication. In Christianity, both baptism and footwashing are forms of ablution. Prior to praying the canonical hours at seven fixed prayer times, Oriental Orthodox Christians wash their hands and...

Nuns Church Religion Nun Catholic Religious

Nuns

Nuns Origin and history The institution of nuns and sisters, who devote themselves in various religious orders to the practice of a life of perfection, dates from the first ages of the Church, and women may claim with a certain pride that they were the first to embrace the religious state for its own sake, without regard...

Resurrection Of Jesus Christ Painting Iconography

Spiritual Christianity

Spiritual Christianity Spiritual Christianity (духовное христианство) is the group of belief systems held by so-called folk Protestants (narodnye protestanty), including non-Eastern Orthodox indigenous faith tribes and new religious movements that emerged in the Russian Empire. Their origins are varied: some from Protestant movements imported from Europe to Russia by missionaries, travelers and workers; some due to disgust of...

Christmas Motif Christmas Christmas Carols

Christmas Carol

Christmas Carol A Christmas carol is a carol (a song or hymn) on the theme of Christmas, traditionally sung at Christmas itself or during the surrounding Christmas holiday season. The term noel has sometimes been used, especially for carols of French origin. Christmas carols may be regarded as a subset of the broader category of Christmas music. History The first...

Entrance of the St. Mark Cathedral, el-'Abbasiya, Cairo, Egypt

Coptic Orthodox Church

Coptic Orthodox Church The Coptic Orthodox Church or the Egyptian Orthodox Church, also known as the Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria, is an Oriental Orthodox Christian church based in Egypt, servicing Africa and the Middle East. The head of the church and the See of Alexandria is the Pope of Alexandria on the Holy Apostolic See of Saint Mark, who also carries the title of Father...

A new heaven and new earth[ Rev 21:1], Mortier's Bible, Phillip Medhurst Collection

Christian Eschatology

Christian Eschatology Christian eschatology is a major branch of study within Christian theology dealing with the “last things.” Eschatology, from two Greek words meaning “last” (ἔσχατος) and “study” (-λογία), is the study of ‘end things’, whether the end of an individual life, the end of the age, the end of...

Saint Teresa of Avila

Teresa Of Ávila

Teresa Of Ávila Teresa of Ávila (born Teresa Sánchez de Cepeda y Ahumada; 28 March 1515 – 4 or 15 October 1582), also called Saint Teresa of Jesus, was a Spanish noblewoman who was called to convent life in the Catholic Church. A Carmelite nun, prominent Spanish mystic, religious reformer, author, theologian of the contemplative life and of mental prayer, she earned...

A fresco depicting Ignatius receiving the papal bull from Pope Paul III was created after 1743 by Johann Christoph Handke in the Church of Our Lady Of the Snow in Olomouc.

Society Of Jesus

Society Of Jesus The Society of Jesus (Societas Iesu; abbreviated SJ), also known as the Jesuits (Iesuitæ), is a religious order of the Catholic Church headquartered in Rome. It was founded by Ignatius of Loyola and six companions with the approval of Pope Paul III in 1540. The society is engaged in evangelization and apostolic ministry in 112 nations. Jesuits work in education, research, and...