Shia

Al Azhar Mosque Cairo Egypt Africa North Africa

Ismailism

Ismailism Ismailism ( الإسماعيلية‎, al-ʾIsmāʿīlīyah; اسماعیلیان‎, Esmâ’īliyân) is a branch or sub-sect of Shia Islam. The Ismāʿīlī get their name from their acceptance of Imam Ismaʻil ibn Jafar as the appointed spiritual successor (imām) to Ja’far al-Sadiq, wherein they differ from the Twelvers who accept Musa al-Kadhim, younger brother of Ismaʻil, as the true Imām. Ismailism rose at one point to...

Qurʾān with illuminated manuscript pages featuring ink, gold, and lapis, late 18th–early 19th century. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Louis E. and Theresa S. Seley Purchase Fund for Islamic Art, 2009 (accession no. 2009.294); www.metmuseum.org

Zaidiyyah

Zaidiyyah Zaidiyyah or Zaidism (الزيدية‎ az-zaydiyya, adjective form Zaidi or Zaydi; occasionally known as Fivers) is one of the Shia sects closest in terms of theology to the Ibadi and Muʿtazila schools. Zaidiyyah emerged in the eighth century out of Shi’a Islam. Zaidis are named after Zayd ibn ʻAlī, the grandson of Husayn ibn ʻAlī and the son of their...

Calligraphic representation of the Twelve Imams along with that of the Prophet Muhammad.

The Twelve Imams

The Twelve Imams The Twelve Imams (ٱلَأَئِمَّة ٱلْٱثْنَا عَشَر‎, al-ʾAʾimmah al-ʾIthnā ʿAšar; دوازده امام‎, Davâzdah Emâm) are the spiritual and political successors to the Islamic prophet Muhammad in the Twelver branch of Shia Islam, including that of the Alawite and Alevi sects. According to the theology of Twelvers, the Twelve Imams are exemplary human individuals who not only rule...

The image contains stylized Bismillah ar-Rahman, ar-Raheem with Allah being bigger than Bissmillah & ar-Rahman & ar-Rahim over the names of Fourteen Infallibles

Twelver

Twelver Twelver (ٱثْنَا عَشَرِيَّة‎; ʾIthnā ʿAšarīyah, شیعه دوازده‌امامی‎, Šī’eh-ye Davâzdah-Emâmī), also known as Imamiyyah (إِمَامِيَّة‎), is the largest branch of Shia Islam. The term Twelver refers to its adherents’ belief in twelve divinely ordained leaders, known as the Twelve Imams, and their belief that the last Imam, Imam al-Mahdi, lives in occultation and will reappear as the promised Mahdi. According to Shia tradition,...

Rawze-e-Sharif, the Blue Mosque, in Mazari Sharif, Afghanistan – where a minority of Muslims believe Ali ibn Abu Talib is buried

Ali ibn Abi Talib

Ali ibn Abi Talib Ali ibn Abi Talib (عَلِيّ ٱبْن أَبِي طَالِب‎, ʿAlī ibn ʾAbī Ṭālib; 13 September 601 – 29 January 661) was a cousin and son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who ruled as the fourth caliph from 656 to 661. He is one of the central figures in Shia Islam and...

Shabak people

Shabakism

Shabakism Shabakism is the name given to the beliefs and practices of the Shabaks in the disputed territories of Northern Iraq. Most Shabaks regard themselves as Shia, but some identify as Sunnis. Despite this, their actual faith and rituals differ from Islam, and have characteristics that make them distinct from neighboring Muslim populations. Nevertheless, the Shabak people also go on pilgrimages...

Shahadah in space

Shahada

Shahada The Shahada (الشهادة‎ aš-šahādah,”the testimony”) is an Islamic creed, one of the Five Pillars of Islam, declaring belief in the oneness of God (tawhid) and the acceptance of Muhammad as God’s prophet. The declaration, in its shortest form, reads (right to left in Arabic): لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا ٱلله مُحَمَّدٌ رَسُولُ ٱلله lā ʾilāha ʾillā llāh muḥammadun rasūlu llāh...

Map of the Muslim world with the main madh'habs.

Madhhab

Madhhab A madhhab ( مذهب‎ maḏhab, “way to act”; pl. مذاهب maḏāhib) is a school of thought within fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence). The major Sunni madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i and Hanbali. They emerged in the ninth and tenth centuries CE and by the twelfth century almost all jurists aligned themselves with a particular madhhab. These four schools recognize...

Karbala City From Sky

Shia Islam

Shia Islam Shia Islam or Shi’ism is one of the two main branches of Islam. It holds that the Islamic prophet Muhammad designated Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor and the Imam (leader) after him, most notably at the event of Ghadir Khumm, but was prevented from the caliphate as a result...

Sultan Ahmed Mosque

Islam

Islam Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah), and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. It is the world’s second-largest religion with over 1.8 billion followers or 24% of the world’s population, most commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God...

Iran Mountains Architecture Landscape Settlement

Iranian Religions

Iranian Religions Iranian religions are religions which originated in Greater Iran. Background The beliefs, activities, and cultural events of the ancient Iranians in ancient Iran are complex matters. The ancient Iranians made references to a combination of several Aryans and non-Aryan tribes. Aryans, or ancient Iranians, worshiped natural elements such as the sun, sunlight and thunder, but they eventually shifted...

Criticism of Hadith

What Is Criticism of Hadith? The criticism of Hadith refers to the critique directed towards collections of ahadith, i.e. the collections of reports of the words, actions, and the silent approval of the Islamic prophet Muhammad on any matter. The criticism revolves primarily around the authenticity of hadith reports and whether they are attributable to Muhammad, as well as...

Courtyard of the Umayyad Mosque, view from east (left) towards west (right). Notable structures: Dome of the Clock (far left), The Minaret of prophet Isa

Mahdi

Mahdi The Mahdi (ٱلْـمَـهْـدِي‎, al-mahdī, meaning “the guided one”) is an eschatological redeemer of Islam who, according to some Islamic traditions, will appear and rule for five, seven, nine or nineteen years (according to differing interpretations)[1][2] before the Day of Judgment (yawm al-qiyamah, also known as “the Day of Resurrection”)[3] and rid the world of evil.[4] There is...

Sultan Ahmed Mosque

What is Islam?

Islam Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah),[1] and that Muhammad is the messenger of God.[2][3] It is the world’s second-largest religion[4] with over 1.8 billion followers or 24% of the world’s population,[5] most commonly known as Muslims.[6] Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries.[4] Islam teaches that God is merciful, all-powerful, unique[7] and has guided humankind through prophets,...

Succession to Muhammad

Succession to Muhammad The succession to Muhammad is the central issue that split the Muslim community into several divisions in the first century of Muslim history. A few months before his death, Muhammad delivered a sermon at Ghadir Khumm where he announced that Ali ibn Abi Talib would be his successor.[1] After the sermon, Muhammad ordered the Muslims to pledge allegiance to...

Scroll Up