Vitalism In Jainism
Thre is a vitalism in Jainism. Vitalism is at the core of Jain philosophy which separates Jiva (soul or life) from Ajiva (non-soul). According to Jain cosmology, the whole universe is made up of six simple substances and is therefore eternal. These six substances (dravya) are:-
- Dharma (medium of motion)
- Matter (Pudgala)
According to Jainism, there are ten vitalities or life-principles:-
- The five senses
- The organ of speech
- The mind
The table below summarizes the vitalities that living beings possess in accordance with their senses.
|Senses||Number of vitalities||Vitalities|
|One sense||Four||Sense organ of touch, strength of body or energy, respiration, and life-duration.|
|Two sense||Six||The sense of taste and the organ of speech in addition to the former four.|
|Three sense||Seven||The sense of smell in addition to the former six.|
|Four sense||Eight||The sense of sight in addition to the former seven.|
|Nine||The sense of hearing in addition to the former eight.|
|Ten||Mind in addition to the above-mentioned nine vitalities.|
According to major Jain text, Tattvarthsutra: “The severance of vitalities out of passion is injury”.
Because life is to be considered sacred and in every living thing, Jains avoid killing any living creature. They are not only vegetarian but decline to eat vegetables that grow under the ground because each underground stem contains an infinite number of vitalities that can potentially grow into full-fledged plants.
Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia