The Qur’an

Kaaba, Mecca

Divisions of The World in Islam

Divisions of The World in Islam The Arabic singular form dar (دار), translated literally, may mean “house”, “abode”, “structure”, “place”, “land”, or “country”. In Islamic jurisprudence it often refers to a part of the world. The notions of “houses” or divisions of the world in Islam such as Dar al-Islam and Dar al-Harb does not...

Assalaamualaikum warahmathullahi wabarakaatuhu

Adab

Adab (Islam) Adab (أدب‎) in the context of behavior, refers to prescribed Islamic etiquette: “refinement, good manners, morals, decorum, decency, humaneness”. While interpretation of the scope and particulars of Adab may vary among different cultures, common among these interpretations is regard for personal standing through the observation of certain codes of...

Dawah

Dawah

What is Dawah? Da‘wah or Dawah (also daawa, daawah or dakwah ; دعوة‎ “invitation”) is the invitation to Islam. Etymology Da‘wah literally means “issuing a summons” or “making an invitation”. Grammatically, the word represents a gerund of a verb with the triconsonantal root d-ʕ-w دع‌و meaning variously “to summon” or “to invite”. A Muslim who practices da‘wah, either as a religious worker or in a...

Diversity People Silhouette gathering

What is The Primordial Covenant?

What is The Primordial Covenant? This matter is directly mentioned in the Qur’an: And whenever your Sustainer brings forth their offspring from the loins of the children of Adam, He (thus) calls upon them to bear witness about themselves: “Am I not your Lord?”—to which they answer: “Yes, indeed, we...

The Hagia Sophia in Istanbul, Turkey, was converted into a mosque after the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople in 1453

Christian Influences in Islam

Christian Influences in Islam Christian influences in Islam could be traced back to the Eastern Christianity, which surrounded the origins of Islam. Islam, emerging in the context of the Middle East that was largely Christian, was first seen as a Christological heresy known as the “heresy of the Ishmaelites”, described as such in Concerning...

World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2014).

Islam and Other Religions

Islam and Other Religions Over the centuries of Islamic history, Muslim rulers, Islamic scholars, and ordinary Muslims have held many different attitudes towards other religions. Attitudes have varied according to time, place and circumstance. Non-Muslims and Islam The Qur’an distinguishes between the monotheistic People of the Book (ahl al-kitab), i.e. Jews, Christians, Sabians and others...

Hands Cohesion Together Human Support Help

Islam and Humanity

Islam and Humanity Islamic teachings on humanity and human welfare have been codified in its central religious book known as the Quran, which the Muslims believe was revealed by God for the mankind. These teachings have often been exemplified by Islamic prophet Muhammad as displayed in his sayings and practices. To the Muslims, Islam is what the Quran has instructed to do and...

Trade routes inherited by the Muslim civilization were ruined by invading Mongols, which according to Ibn Khaldun ruined economies

Islamic Golden Age

Islamic Golden Age The Islamic Golden Age was a period of cultural, economic and scientific flourishing in the history of Islam, traditionally dated from the 8th to the 14th century. This period is traditionally understood to have begun during the reign of the Abbasid caliph Harun al-Rashid (786 to 809) with the inauguration...

Saint Catherine's Monastery on the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt.

People of The Book

People of The Book People of the Book or People of the Scripture (أهل الكتاب‎ ′Ahl al-Kitāb) is an Islamic term which refers to Jews, Christians and Sabians and is sometimes applied to members of other religions such as Zoroastrians. It is also used in Judaism to refer to the Jewish people and by members...

Ittiba’u ila salafush shalih

Salafi Movement

Salafi Movement The Salafi movement, also called the Salafist movement, Salafiya and Salafism, is a reform branch movement within Sunni Islam that developed in Egypt in the late 19th century as a response to Western European imperialism. It had roots in the 18th-century Wahhabi movement that originated in the Najd region of modern-day Saudi Arabia. The name derives from advocating a...

Pasqueflower Flower Pasque Flower Plant Nature

Day of Resurrection

Day of Resurrection In Islamic eschatology, Yawm al-Qiyāmah (يوم القيامة‎ “the Day of Resurrection“) or Yawm ad-Din (يوم الدين‎ “the Day of Judgement“) is believed to be God’s final assessment of humanity. It is called several names throughout the Qur’an, such as the Day of Reckoning, the Last Day, and the Hour (al-sā’ah). The sequence...

Iman

What is Iman? Iman (إِيمَان ʾīmān, faith or belief) in Islamic theology denotes a believer’s faith in the metaphysical aspects of Islam. Its most simple definition is the belief in the six axioms of faith, known as arkān al-īmān. The term iman has been delineated in both the Quran and hadith. According to the Quran, iman must be accompanied by righteous deeds and...

Courtyard of Mustansiriya Medical College

Caliphate

Caliphate A caliphate (خِلَافَة‎ khilāfah) is an Islamic state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the title of caliph (خَلِيفَة‎ khalīfah), a person considered a politico-religious successor to the Islamic prophet Muhammad and a leader of the entire Ummah (Muslim community). Historically, the caliphates were polities based on Islam which developed into multi-ethnic trans-national empires. During the medieval period, three...

Muslims praying in 1865 Cairo by Jean-Léon Gérôme

Imam

Imam Imam (إمام‎ imām; plural: أئمة aʼimmah: “leader,” “model”) in a general sense, one who leads Muslim worshippers in prayer. In a global sense, imam is used to refer to the head of the Muslim community (ummah). The title is found in the Qurʾān several times to refer to leaders and to Abraham. The origin and basis...

the family of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad

Ahl al-Bayt

Ahl al-Bayt Ahl al-Bayt (أَهْلُ ٱلْبَيْتِ‎, اهلِ بیت‎) is a phrase meaning “People of the House” , “People of the Household” or “Family of the House“. Within the Islamic tradition, the term mainly refers to the family of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, and to a lesser extent (according to Muslims), his...

Islamic Economics

Islamic Economics Islamic economics (الاقتصاد الإسلامي‎) is a term used to refer to Islamic commercial jurisprudence (فقه المعاملات‎, fiqh al-mu’āmalāt), and also to an ideology of economics based on the teachings of Islam that takes a middle ground between the systems of Marxism and capitalism. Islamic commercial jurisprudence entails the rules of transacting finance or other economic...

Election in Indonesia

Islamic Democracy

Islamic Democracy There exist a number of perspectives on the relationship of Islam and democracy among Islamic political theorists, the general Muslim public, and Western authors. Some modern Islamic thinkers, whose ideas were particularly popular in the 1970s and 1980s, rejected the notion of democracy as a foreign idea incompatible with Islam....

Islamic states (dark green), states where Islam is the official religion (light green), secular states (blue) and other (orange), among countries with a Muslim majority

Islamic State

Islamic State An Islamic state is a form of government based on Islamic law. As a term, it has been used to describe various historical polities and theories of governance in the Islamic world. As translation of the Arabic term dawlah islāmiyyah (دولة إسلامية‎) it refers to a modern notion associated with political Islam (Islamism). The concept of the modern...

Supporters of Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan wave Turkish flags during a pro-government protest in Germany (2016).

Political Aspects of Islam

Political Aspects of Islam Political aspects of Islam are derived from the Qur’an, the Sunnah (the sayings and living habits of Muhammad), Muslim history, and elements of political movements outside Islam. Traditional political concepts in Islam include leadership by elected or selected successors to the Prophet known as Caliphs, (Imamate for Shia); the importance of following Islamic law or Sharia; the...

Distribution of Sunni, Shia and Ibadi branches

Shia–Sunni Relations

Shia–Sunni Relations Shia and Sunni Islam are the two major denominations of Islam. They chose sides following the death of the Islamic prophet Muhammad in AD 632. A dispute over succession to Islamic prophet Muhammad as a caliph of the Islamic community spread across various parts of the world, which led to the Battle of Jamal and Battle of Siffin. The dispute intensified greatly...

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