Ruh

What Is Ruh? In Islam, especially Sufism, rūḥ (روح‎; plural arwah) is a person’s immortal, essential self — pneuma, i.e. the “spirit” or “soul”.[1][2] The Quran itself does not describe rūḥ as the immortal self.[3] Nevertheless, in some contexts, it animates inanimate matter.[4] Further, it appears to be a metaphorical being, such as an angel.[4] In one instance, rūḥ refers to Jesus.[4] Further, the Quran refers to rūḥ as Ruh al-qudus (روح...

Chishti Order

Chishti Order The Chishtī Order (چشتی‬‎ chishtī) is a Sunni Sufi order within the mystic Sufi tradition of Islam. It began in Chisht, a small town near Herat, Afghanistan about 930 CE. The Chishti Order is known for its emphasis on love, tolerance, and openness.[1] The Chishti Order is primarily followed in Afghanistan and Indian subcontinent. It was the...

whirling dervish

Sufi Philosophy

Sufi Philosophy Sufi philosophy includes the schools of thought unique to Sufism, a mystical branch within Islam, also termed as Tasawwuf or Faqr according to its adherents. Sufism and its philosophical traditions may be associated with both Sunni Islam and Shia Islam. It has been suggested that Sufi thought emerged from the Middle East in the eighth century, but adherents are now found around...

Sufi Cosmology

What Is Sufi Cosmology? Sufi cosmology (الكوزمولوجية الصوفية‎) is a Sufi approach to cosmology which discusses the creation of man and the universe, which according to mystics are the fundamental grounds upon which Islamic religious universe is based. According to Sufi cosmology, God’s reason for the creation of this cosmos and humankind is the “manifestation” and “recognition” of Himself...

The Alchemy of Happiness by Mohammed Al Ghazzali

The Alchemy of Happiness by Mohammad Al Ghazzali THE MOHAMMEDAN PHILOSOPHER. Translated from the Turkish, By HENRY A. HOMES, LIBRARIAN, STATE LIBRARY. ALBANY, N. Y.: J. MUNSELL, STATE STREET. 1873. In advance of the Transactions of the Albany Institute, vol. VIII. CONTENTS.   Page. Introductory Notice, 5 CHAPTER I. On...

The Alchemy of Happiness

The Alchemy of Happiness Kimiya-yi Sa’ādat (کیمیای سعادت‎ The Alchemy of Happiness) was a book written by Abū Ḥāmid Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ghazālī, a Persian theologian, philosopher, and prolific Sunni Muslim author regarded as one of the greatest systematic thinkers of Islam.[1] The Kimiya-yi Sa’ādat was written towards the end of his life shortly before...

Taqwa

What Is Taqwa? Taqwa (تقوى‎ taqwā / taqwá ) is an Islamic term for being conscious and cognizant of God, of truth, of the rational reality, “piety, fear of God”.[1][2] It is often found in the Quran. Al-Muttaqin (لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ‎ Al-Muttaqin) refers to those who practice taqwa, or in the words of Ibn Abbas — “believers who avoid Shirk with Allah and who work in His...

Karamat

What Is Karamat? In Sunni Islam, karamat (کرامات‎ karāmāt, pl. of کرامة karāmah, lit. generosity, high-mindedness[1]) refers to supernatural wonders performed by Muslim saints. In the technical vocabulary of Islamic religious sciences, the singular form karama has a sense similar to charism, a favor or spiritual gift freely bestowed by God.[2] The marvels ascribed to Muslim saints have included supernatural...

Persecution of Sufis

Persecution of Sufis In most other Muslim countries, attacks on Sufis and especially their shrines have come from adherents of puritanical schools of thought who believe that practices such as celebration of the birthdays of Sufi saints, and dhikr (“remembrance” of God) ceremonies are bid‘ah or impure innovation, and polytheistic (Shirk).[1][2][3] Persecution of...

List of Sufi Orders

List of Sufi Orders   The following is a list of Sufi orders or schools (ṭarīqah) A attariya Razaviya Alevi Aamiria Aâbid Abbasiyya Abululai (also Abululaiya) Adhamiyya Adrawiyya Agamiyya Ahmadiya (Imamut-Tarikat Sheikh Borhanuddin Uyesi) Ahmadiyya-Idrissiyya Aissawa (also Aïssâwa, Issawiyya, Issâwa, Aïssaoua, Issaoua) Akbariyya Akmaliyya (Haqmaliyya) Alamiyya Al Hakika Mizaan Mizaani Sufi Order (Sallahudin...

Wali

Who Is Wali? Walī (ولي‎, plural ʾawliyāʾ أولياء) is an Arabic word whose literal meanings include “custodian”, “protector”, “helper”, and “friend”.[1] In the vernacular, it is most commonly used by Muslims to indicate an Islamic saint, otherwise referred to by the more literal “friend of God”.[2][3][4] In the traditional Islamic understanding of saints, the saint is portrayed...

Muraqabah

What Is Muraqabah? Murāqabah (ar. to observe) refers to meditation in Sufi terminology. Through murāqbah a person watches over their (spiritual) heart and gains insight into the heart’s relation with its creator and its own surroundings. Muraqābah is a core concept in commonly found ṭarīqas (ar. sufi orders). The objective of murāqbah...

Ma’rifat

What Is Ma’rifat? In Sufism, ma’rifa (معرفة‎, ma‘rifah, ‘knowledge’) describes the mystical intuitive knowledge of spiritual truth reached through ecstatic experiences, rather than revealed or rationally acquired. A seeker of ma’rifa is called ‘arif, “the one who knows”.[1] In one of the earliest accounts of the Maqamat-l arba’in (“forty stations”) in Sufism, Sufi master Abu Said ibn Abi’l-Khayr lists ma’rifa as the...

Tariqa

What Is Tariqa? A tariqa (tariqah; طريقة‎ ṭarīqah) is a school or order of Sufism, or specifically a concept for the mystical teaching and spiritual practices of such an order with the aim of seeking Haqiqa, which translates as “ultimate truth”. A tariqa has a murshid (guide) who plays the role of leader or spiritual director....

The Horizons of The Soul: Metaphysical Thought

The Horizons of The Soul: Metaphysical Thought The modern Western world view is said to be founded almost entirely on materialistic notions that exclude or even deny the spiritual or metaphysical dimensions of existence. This is a controversial point, but many so-called Muslim intellectuals who blindly imitate and import what...

History of Sufism

History of Sufism Sufism is the mystical branch of Islam. A Sufi is a Muslim who seeks annihilation of the ego in God.[1] Early history The exact origin of Sufism is disputed. Some sources state that Sufism is the inner dimensions of the teachings of Muhammad whereas others say that Sufism emerged during the Islamic Golden Age from about the...

Belief Relieves Loneliness

Belief Relieves Loneliness In His Name, glory be to Him. There is nothing that does not glorify Him with His praise.lonely and weak, May God’s peace, mercy, and grace be upon you and your brothers so long as days and nights continue, afternoons follow each other, the moon reappears after...

Divine Retribution

What Is Divine Retribution? Divine retribution is supernatural punishment of a person, a group of people, or everyone by a deity in response to some action. Many cultures have a story about how a deity exacted punishment upon previous inhabitants of their land, causing their doom. An example of divine retribution is the story found in...

Islamic Meditation

Islamic Meditation Meditation and mindfulness are often associated with several eastern traditions such as Buddhism and Yoga, yet few know the essential position of meditative spiritual practice within Islam. In this seven week course, wSufis, Tasbih, تسبيح, Misbaha, مِسْبَحَة, Ahadith, dua, prayer beads, Meditative quiescence, khushoo, muraqaba, Tafakkur, tadabbur,Sufisme will learn...

Dhikr

What Is Dhikr? Dhikr (also Zikr, Zekr, Zikir, Jikir, and variants; ذِكْر‎, ḏikr, plural أذكار aḏkār, meaning “mentioning”) are devotional acts in Islam in which short phrases or prayers are repeatedly recited silently within the mind or aloud. It can be counted on a set of prayer beads (Misbaha, مِسْبَحَة) or through fingers of the hand. A person who recites the...

Scroll Up