Outline of Religion

Religion – organized collection of beliefs, cultural systems, and world views that relate humanity to an order of existence. Many religions have narratives, symbols, and sacred histories that are intended to explain the meaning of life and/or to explain the origin of life or the Universe. From their beliefs about the cosmos and human nature, people derive morality, ethics, religious laws or a preferred lifestyle. According to some estimates, there are roughly 4,200 religions in the world.

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Religions

Classification

Main article: Major religious groups

The world’s principal religions and spiritual traditions may be classified into a small number of major groups, although this is by no means a uniform practice. This theory began in the 18th century with the goal of recognizing the relative levels of civility in societies (which in many modern cultures would be considered offensive).

List of religions

Main article: List of religions and spiritual traditions

While religion is hard to define, one standard model of religion, used in religious studies courses, who defined it as a

[…] system of symbols which acts to establish powerful, pervasive, and long-lasting moods and motivations in men by formulating conceptions of a general order of existence and clothing these conceptions with such an aura of factuality that the moods and motivations seem uniquely realistic.”

Religious symbols

Religious symbols in clock-wise order: Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Bahá’í Faith, Hinduism, Taoism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Slavic neopaganism, Celtic polytheism, Heathenism (German paganism), Semitic neopaganism, Wicca, Kemetism (Egyptian paganism), Hellenism, Italo-Roman neopaganism.

Religious studies

Ethics Right Wrong Ethical Moral Integrity

Ethics Right Wrong

Main article: Religious studies

Religious concepts

Religious belief

  • Acosmism
  • Angel
    • Demon
      • Demonology
      • List of theological demons
  • Animism
  • Doctrine
  • Eschatology
  • Esotericism
  • Faith
  • Free will
  • Gnosticism
  • Goodness and evil
  • Holy Land
  • Humanism
  • Ietsism
  • Karma
  • Religion and LGBT people
  • Life after death
  • Mysticism
  • Mythology
  • Prophet
  • Reincarnation
  • Religious cosmology
    • Creation myth
  • Religious naturalism
  • Shamanism
  • Sin
  • Soul
  • Spirituality
    • List of spirituality-related topics
  • Supernaturalism
  • Tao
  • Theology
    • Agnosticism
    • Antitheism
    • Atheism
    • Deism
    • Deity
      • List of deities
    • Dualism
    • God
    • Henotheism
    • Immanence
    • Monism
    • Monolatrism
    • Monotheism
    • Nondualism
    • Nontheistic religions
    • Pandeism
    • Panentheism
    • Pantheism
    • Polytheism
    • Post-theism
    • Theism
  • Transcendence

Approaches to the beliefs of others

  • Exclusivism
  • Inclusivism

Religious behaviour and experiences

  • Meditation
  • Memes in religion
  • Nonviolence
  • Pilgrimage
  • Places of worship
  • Prayer
  • Religious experience
  • Religious war
  • Ritual

Religion-specific topics

African traditional and diasporic topics

Main articles: African traditional religion and Afro-American religion

Ayyavazhi topics

  • Ayyavazhi scriptures
  • History of Ayyavazhi
  • List of Ayyavazhi-related topics

Bahá’í Faith topics

  • `Abdu’l-Bahá
  • The Báb
  • Bahá’í history
  • Bahá’í teachings
  • Bahá’u’lláh

Buddhism topics

  • Attainment
    • Arahant
    • Bodhisattva
    • Buddha
  • Basic concepts
    • Four Noble Truths
    • Five Aggregates
    • Three marks of existence
    • Dependent Origination
    • Karma
    • Rebirth
    • Saṃsāra
    • Nirvana
    • Noble Eightfold Path
  • Branches of Buddhism
    • Theravada
    • Mahayana
    • Vajrayana
  • Buddhism by country
  • Buddhist monasticism
    • Monk
    • Nun
  • Buddhist philosophy
  • Buddhist texts
    • Mahayana sutras
    • Pāli Canon
  • Cultural elements of Buddhism
  • Gautama Buddha
  • Glossary of Buddhism
  • History of Buddhism
  • Index of Buddhism-related articles
  • List of Buddhists
  • Practice
    • Meditation
    • Morality
    • Wisdom
  • Three Jewels
    • Buddha (the Teacher)
    • Dhamma (the Teaching)
    • Sangha (the Community)

Cao Dai topics

  • Cao Dai

Christianity topics

  • Christianity by country
  • Eastern Christianity
  • History of Christianity
  • List of Christian denominations
  • List of Jesus-related articles
  • List of Latter Day Saint movement topics
  • Roman Catholicism
    • List of popes
    • List of saints
    • Roman Catholicism by country
  • Protestantism
    • Protestantism by country
  • Religious texts
    • Bible
      • Antilegomena
      • Deuterocanonical books
      • Gospels
      • Epistles
      • New Testament
      • Old Testament
  • Timeline of Christian missions

Hinduism topics

  • Hindu denominations
  • History of Hinduism
  • List of Hinduism-related articles

Islam topics

  • Allah
    • Ninety-nine names of Allah
  • Glossary of Islam
  • Hajj
  • History of Islam
  • Index of Islamic and Muslim related articles
  • Islam by country
  • Islamic schools and branches
    • Ahmadiyya
    • Sunni
    • Shia
    • Sufi
  • Muhammad
  • Religious texts
    • Hadith
      • Hadith collections
        • Nahj al-Balagha
        • Sahih Bukhari
      • Hadith Qudsi
      • Isnad – Ilm ar-rijal – Narrators of hadith
      • Matn
    • List of Islamic texts
    • Quran – Sura – Ayat
      • Asbab al-nuzul
      • Naskh
      • Quranic literalism
      • Tafsir Qudsi – tafsir
  • Salat
  • Zakat

Jainism topics

  • History of Jainism

Judaism topics

  • Israel
  • Jew
  • Jewish
  • Jewish religious movements
  • Judaism by country
  • List of Jewish history topics
  • Origins of Judaism

Modern Paganism topics

  • Asatru
  • Kemetism
  • List of Modern pagan movements
  • Neoshamanism
  • Wicca
  • Witchcraft

New Age topics

  • List of New Age topics

New religious movement topics

  • List of new religious movements

Open source religion topics

Rasta topics

  • Mansions of Rastafari

Satanism topics

  • LaVeyan Satanism
  • Theistic Satanism
    • Black mass
    • Conjuration
    • Deal with the Devil
    • Demonolatry

Shintō topics

  • Shinto sects and schools

Sikhism topics

  • History of Sikhism
  • Sikh gurus
  • Sikh scriptures
    • Bani – Gurbani
    • Chaupai
    • Dasam Granth
    • Guru Granth Sahib
    • Jaap Sahib
    • Japji Sahib
    • Mul Mantra
    • Sukhmani Sahib

Spiritism topics

  • History of Spiritism

Tenrikyo topics

  • Joyous Life
  • Ofudesaki
  • Osashizu
  • Oyasama
  • Tenri-O-no-Mikoto

Unitarian Universalism topics

Zoroastrianism topics

Irreligion topics

  • Agnosticism
  • Anarchism and animal rights
  • Antireligion
  • Atheism
  • Freethought
  • Ignosticism
  • Metaphysical realism
  • Metaphysical naturalism
  • Nontheism
  • Pessimism
  • Religious skepticism
  • Secular humanism

Demographics

Main article: List of religious populations

This is a list of religious populations by number of adherents and countries.

Religion by region

Religion by continent

Africa • Antarctica • Asia • Europe • North America • Oceania (includes Australia) • South America
Religion by political division, arranged alphabetically

Religions by country
Religion by political division, arranged by continent or major geopolitical region

Religion in Africa
Religion in West Africa
Benin • Burkina Faso • Cape Verde • Côte d’Ivoire • Gambia • Ghana • Guinea • Guinea-Bissau • Liberia • Mali • Mauritania • Niger • Nigeria • Senegal • Sierra Leone • Togo
Religion in North Africa
Algeria • Egypt • Libya • Mauritania • Morocco • Sudan • South Sudan •Tunisia
Religion in Central Africa
Angola • Burundi • Cameroon • Central African Republic • Chad • The Democratic Republic of the Congo • Equatorial Guinea • Gabon • Republic of the Congo • Rwanda • São Tomé and Príncipe
Religion in East Africa
Burundi • Comoros • Djibouti • Eritrea • Ethiopia • Kenya • Madagascar • Malawi • Mauritius • Mozambique • Rwanda • Seychelles • Somalia (Somaliland) • Tanzania • Uganda • Zambia • Zimbabwe
Religion in Southern Africa
Botswana • Lesotho • Namibia • South Africa • Swaziland
Religion in Antarctica
Religion in Asia

Religion in Central Asia

Kazakhstan • Kyrgyzstan • Tajikistan • Turkmenistan • Uzbekistan
Religion in East Asia

China

Tibet
Hong Kong • Macau
Japan • North Korea • South Korea • Mongolia • Taiwan
Religion in North Asia

Russia
Religion in Southeast Asia

Brunei • Burma (Myanmar) • Cambodia • East Timor (Timor-Leste) • Indonesia • Laos • Malaysia • Philippines • Singapore • Thailand • Vietnam
Religion in South Asia

Afghanistan • Bangladesh • Bhutan • Maldives • Nepal • Pakistan • Sri Lanka
Religion in India

States of India: Andhra Pradesh • Arunachal Pradesh • Assam • Bihar • Chhattisgarh • Goa • Gujarat • Haryana • Himachal Pradesh • Jammu and Kashmir • Jharkhand • Karnataka • Kerala • Madhya Pradesh • Maharashtra • Manipur • Meghalaya • Mizoram • Nagaland • Odisha • Punjab • Rajasthan • Sikkim • Tamil Nadu • Telangana • Tripura • Uttar Pradesh • Uttarakhand • West Bengal
Religion in West Asia

Armenia • Azerbaijan • Bahrain • Cyprus (including disputed Northern Cyprus) • Georgia • Iran • Iraq • Israel • Jordan • Kuwait • Lebanon • Oman • State of Palestine • Qatar • Saudi Arabia • Syria • Turkey • United Arab Emirates • Yemen
Religion in the Caucasus (a region considered to be in both Asia and Europe, or between them)
Religion in North Caucasus

Parts of Russia (Chechnya, Ingushetia, Dagestan, Adyghea, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachai-Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Krasnodar Krai, Stavropol Krai)
Religion in South Caucasus

Georgia (including disputed AbkhaziaSouth Ossetia) • Armenia • Azerbaijan (including disputed Nagorno-Karabakh Republic)
Religion in Europe

Akrotiri and Dhekelia • Åland • Albania • Andorra • Armenia • Austria • Azerbaijan • Belarus • Belgium • Bosnia and Herzegovina • Bulgaria • Croatia • Cyprus • Czech Republic • Denmark • Estonia • Faroe Islands • Finland • France • Georgia • Germany • Gibraltar • Greece • Guernsey • Hungary • Iceland • Ireland • Isle of Man • Italy • Jersey • Kazakhstan • Kosovo • Latvia • Liechtenstein • Lithuania • Luxembourg • Malta • Moldova (including disputed Transnistria) • Monaco • Montenegro • Netherlands • North Macedonia • Norway • Poland • Portugal • Romania • Russia • San Marino • Serbia • Slovakia • Slovenia •
Spain

Autonomous communities of Spain: Catalonia
Sweden • Switzerland • Turkey • Ukraine
United Kingdom

England (London) • Northern Ireland • Scotland • Wales • Cornwall
Vatican City
Religion in the European Union
North America

Canada

Religion in Provinces of Canada: • Alberta • British Columbia • Manitoba • New Brunswick • Newfoundland and Labrador • Nova Scotia • Ontario (Toronto) • Prince Edward Island • Quebec • Saskatchewan
Religion in Territories of Canada: Northwest Territories • Nunavut • Yukon
Greenland • Saint Pierre and Miquelon
United States
Alabama • Alaska • Arizona • Arkansas • California • Colorado • Connecticut • Delaware • Florida • Georgia • Hawaii • Idaho • Illinois • Indiana • Iowa • Kansas • Kentucky • Louisiana • Maine • Maryland • Massachusetts • Michigan • Minnesota • Mississippi • Missouri • Montana • Nebraska • Nevada • New Hampshire • New Jersey • New Mexico • New York • North Carolina • North Dakota • Ohio • Oklahoma • Oregon • Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) • Rhode Island • South Carolina • South Dakota • Tennessee • Texas • Utah • Vermont • Virginia • Washington • West Virginia • Wisconsin • Wyoming
District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.)
Mexico
Religion in Central America

Belize • Costa Rica • El Salvador • Guatemala • Honduras • Nicaragua • Panama
Religion in the Caribbean

Anguilla • Antigua and Barbuda • Aruba • Bahamas • Barbados • Bermuda • British Virgin Islands • Cayman Islands • Cuba • Dominica • Dominican Republic • Grenada • Haiti • Jamaica • Montserrat • Netherlands Antilles • Puerto Rico • Saint Barthélemy • Saint Kitts and Nevis • Saint Lucia • Saint Martin • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines • Trinidad and Tobago • Turks and Caicos Islands • United States Virgin Islands
Religion in Oceania (includes the continent of Australia)

Religion in Australasia

Australia

Religion in Dependencies/Territories of Australia

Christmas Island • Cocos (Keeling) Islands • Norfolk Island
New Zealand
Religion in Melanesia

Fiji • Indonesia (Oceanian part only) • New Caledonia (France) • Papua New Guinea • Solomon Islands • Vanuatu •
Religion in Micronesia

Federated States of Micronesia • Guam (USA) • Kiribati • Marshall Islands • Nauru • Northern Mariana Islands (USA) • Palau • Wake Island (USA) •
Religion in Polynesia

American Samoa (USA) • Chatham Islands (NZ) • Cook Islands (NZ) • Easter Island (Chile) • French Polynesia (France) • Hawaii (USA) • Loyalty Islands (France) • Niue (NZ) • Pitcairn Islands (UK) • Adamstown • Samoa • Tokelau (NZ) • Tonga • Tuvalu • Wallis and Futuna (France)
Religion in South America

Argentina • Bolivia • Brazil • Chile • Colombia • Ecuador • Falkland Islands • Guyana • Paraguay • Peru • Suriname • Uruguay • Venezuela

External links

Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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