Conceptions of God

Conceptions of God in monotheistpantheist, and panentheist religions – or of the supreme deity in henotheistic religions – can extend to various levels of abstraction:


as a powerful, human-like, supernatural being, or as the deification of an esoteric, mystical or philosophical entity or category;

as the “Ultimate”, the summum bonum, the “Absolute Infinite”, the “Transcendent”, or Existence or Being itself;

 as the ground of being, the monistic substrate, that which we cannot understand; and so on.


The first recordings that survive of monotheistic conceptions of God, borne out of henotheism and (mostly in Eastern religionsmonism, are from the Hellenistic period. Of the many objects and entities that religions and other belief systems across the ages have labeled as divine, the one criterion they share is their acknowledgement as divine by a group or groups of human beings.

The doctrine of the Filioque, from the Boulbon Altarpiece: The Trinity with a donor presented by St. Agricol. Provence, c. 1450. From the high altar of the chapelle Saint-Marcellin, Boulbon, France.


Filioque Filioque is a Latin term added to the original Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed (the Nicene Creed), and which has been the subject of great controversy between Eastern and Western Christianity. The Latin term Filioque describes the Holy Spirit as proceeding from both the Father and the Son, (not from the Father only). In the Nicene Creed it is translated...

Methodists often seek the new birth and entire sanctification at the mourners' bench or chancel rails during services held in local churches, tent revivals and camp meetings (pictured are people praying at Mount Zion United Methodist Church in Pasadena).

Baptism with The Holy Spirit

Baptism with The Holy Spirit In Christian theology, baptism with the Holy Spirit, also called baptism in the Holy Spirit or baptism in the Holy Ghost, has been interpreted by different Christian denominations and traditions in a variety of ways due to differences in the doctrines of salvation and ecclesiology. It is frequently associated with incorporation into the Christian Church,...

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What is Trinity?

What is Trinity? The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (Trinitas, ‘triad’, trinus “threefold”) holds that God is one God, but three coeternal and consubstantial persons: the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit. The three persons are distinct, yet are one “substance, essence or nature” (homoousios). In this context, a “nature” is what one is, whereas a...

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Introduction to The Trinity

The Trinity A difficult but fundamental concept within Christianity, the Trinity is the belief that God is three separate persons but is still a single God. Introduction to The Trinity The core belief The doctrine of the Trinity is the Christian belief that: There is One God, who is Father, Son,...

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Christian Agnosticism

Christian Agnosticism Christian agnostics practice a distinct form of agnosticism that applies only to the properties of God. They hold that it is difficult or impossible to be sure of anything beyond the basic tenets of the Christian faith. They believe that God or a higher power exists, that Jesus may have a special relationship with God and...

Holy Spirit

Gender of the Holy Spirit

Gender of the Holy Spirit In Christian theology, the gender of the Holy Spirit has been the subject of some debate in recent times. The grammatical gender of the word for “spirit” is feminine in Hebrew (רוּחַ, rūaḥ), neuter in Greek (πνεῦμα, pneûma) and masculine in Latin (spiritus). The neuter Greek πνεῦμα is used in the Septuagint to...

Fausto Sozzini was an Italian theologian who helped define Unitarianism and also served the Polish Brethren church


Socinianism Socinianism is a system of Christian doctrine named for Italians Lelio Sozzini (Latin: Laelius Socinus) and Fausto Sozzini (Latin: Faustus Socinus), uncle and nephew, respectively, which was developed among the Polish Brethren in the Minor Reformed Church of Poland during the 16th and 17th centuries and embraced by the Unitarian Church of Transylvania during the same period. It is most...

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Monad in Philosophy

Monad in Philosophy Monad (from monas, “singularity” in turn from monos, “alone“) refers, in cosmogony, to the Supreme Being, divinity or the totality of all things. The concept was reportedly conceived by the Pythagoreans and may refer variously to a single source acting alone, or to an indivisible origin, or to both. The concept was...



Omnism Omnism is the recognition and respect of all religions or lack thereof; those who hold this belief are called omnists (or Omnists). The Oxford English Dictionary (OED) quotes as the term’s earliest usage by English poet Philip J. Bailey: in 1839 “I am an Omnist, and believe in all religions”. In recent years, the term...



Ignosticism Ignosticism or igtheism is the idea that the question of the existence of God is meaningless unless the word “God” is given a coherent and unambiguous definition, preferably yielding falsifiable logical consequences. Also, Ignosticism — a personal discipline that holds that the concept ‘god’ bears no deductive or falsifiable (Popper) definition (Wittgenstein), and therefore prohibits...

Akhenaten & Nefertiti with the kids. The Aten/Mercury replete with sun rays taking center stage.


Monolatry Monolatry (single worship) is belief in the existence of many gods but with the consistent worship of only one deity. The term “monolatry” was perhaps first used by Julius Wellhausen. Monolatry is distinguished from monotheism, which asserts the existence of only one god, and henotheism, a religious system in which the believer worships one...

A smile is the shortest distance between two people. Victor Borge

Form of The Good

Form of The Good “Form of the Good“, or more literally “the idea of the good” (ἡ τοῦ ἀγαθοῦ ἰδέα) is a concept in the philosophy of Plato. It is described in Plato’s dialogue the Republic (508e2–3), speaking through the character of Socrates. This form is the one that allows a philosopher-in-training to advance to a philosopher-king. It...

God is good!!!

Summum Bonum

Summum Bonum Summum bonum is a Latin expression meaning “the highest good“, which was introduced by the Roman philosopher Cicero, to correspond to the Idea of the Good in ancient Greek philosophy. The summum bonum is generally thought of as being an end in itself, and at the same time containing many other pursuits typified as Good...

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God the Sustainer

God the Sustainer God the Sustainer is the conception of God who sustains and upholds everything in existence. Ar-Razzāq (The Provider, The Providence, The Supplier, The Bestower of Sustenance), The One who creates all means of nourishment and subsistence. The One who is the giver of all things beneficial, both physical and spiritual....


Higher Power

Higher Power Higher Power is a term used in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and other twelve-step programs. The same groups use the phrase “a power greater than ourselves” synonymously. The term sometimes refers to a supreme being or deity, or other conceptions of God. Definition and usage In current twelve-step program usage, a higher power can be anything...

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Ietsism Ietsism (Dutch: ietsisme) – “somethingism“) is an unspecified belief in an undetermined transcendent reality. It is a Dutch term for a range of beliefs held by people who, on the one hand, inwardly suspect – or indeed believe – that “there must be something undefined beyond the mundane and that which can be known or...

Live by faith


Transtheism Transtheism refers to a system of thought or religious philosophy which is neither theistic nor atheistic, but is beyond them. The word was coined by either philosopher Paul Tillich or Indologist Heinrich Zimmer. Zimmer applies the term to Jainism, which is theistic in the limited sense that gods exist but are irrelevant as they are transcended...

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Dyeus Dyeus (“daylight-sky-god”), also Dyḗus ph₂tḗr (“father daylight-sky-god”), is the reconstructed name of the daylight-sky god in Proto-Indo-European mythology. Dyēus was the bright sky of the day conceived as a divine entity and as the seat of the gods, the deywṓs. Associated with the vast diurnal sky and with the fertile rains,...

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Deus Deus is the Latin word for “god” or “deity“. Latin deus and dīvus (“divine“) are in turn descended from Proto-Indo-European deiwos, “celestial” or “shining”, from the same root as (Vedic Sanskrit: Dyáuṣpitṛ́, द्यौष्पितृ), and Proto-, the reconstructed chief god of the Proto-Indo-European pantheon. In Classical Latin, deus (feminine dea) was a general noun referring to a deity, while in technical usage a divus or diva was a figure who had become...

The Baptism of Christ - Frans Hals Museum Creator: René Gerritsen Kunst en Onderzo | Credit: René Gerritsen Copyright: Foto © René Gerritsen-Kunst en Onderzoeksfotografie/FransHalsMuseum Haarlem

Divine Filiation

Divine Filiation Divine filiation is the Christian doctrine that Jesus Christ is the only-begotten Son of God by nature, and when Christians are redeemed by Jesus they become sons (and daughters) of God by adoption. Because of its Biblical roots, this doctrine is held by most Christians, but the phrase “divine filiation” is used primarily...

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