What Is The Divine Purpose In Creation Of Human Races?
“O mankind! We created you from a single [pair] of a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know each other (49:13).”
That is, “I created you as peoples, nations, and tribes, so that you should know one another and the relations between you in social life, and assist one another; not so that you should regard each other as strangers, refusing to acknowledge one another, and nurturing hostility and enmity.”
In order to explain the principle of “knowing and assisting each other” which the verse indicates, we say this: an army is divided into divisions, the divisions into regiments, the regiments into battalions, companies, and then into squads, so that every soldier may know his many different connections and their related duties; then the members of the army may truly perform a general duty governed by the principle of mutual assistance, and their social life be guarded against the attacks of the enemy. This arrangement is not so that divided and split up, one company should compete with another, one battalion be hostile to another, and one division act in opposition to another.
This many things being one and the same requires brotherhood, love, and unity. That is to say, being divided into groups and tribes should lead to mutual acquaintance and mutual assistance, not to antipathy and mutual hostility.
Due to their combining some ideas of nationalism with their politics, the European nations have greatly advanced the idea of racism this century; the ghastly events of the Great War showed how harmful for mankind is negative nationalism.
Positive nationalism arises from an inner need of social life and is the cause of mutual assistance and solidarity; it ensures a beneficial strength; it is a means for further strengthening brotherhood.
By Bediuzzaman Said Nursi