reflection

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Nazar And Tawajjuh (Attention And Regard)

Nazar And Tawajjuh (Attention And Regard) This article explains the meaning of Nazar and Tawajjuh (Attention and Regard) in Sufism. Even though they appear to have the same meaning and, in fact, suggest certain common feelings and ideas, the concepts of nazar (attention)—which means looking (at), taking into consideration, and...

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Karama (Wonder)

Karama (Wonder) Before explaining karama (Wonder), since there is a close resemblance between it and miracles (mu‘jiza) in respect to their occurrence, we will first briefly examine miracles. Derived from the root verb A-Ja-Za, meaning “that which people cannot imitate,” a mu’jiza (miracle) is the extraordinary state, event, word or...

Questions and Brain

‘Aql (Reason)

‘Aql (Reason) ‘Aql (Reason) means understanding, perception, sober-mindedness and prudence, as a term, ‘aql is a Divine light with which a person can perceive the things that cannot be comprehended with external senses. There have been some who view ‘aql as a faculty abstract of matter but which acts in collaboration...

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Wijdan (Conscience)

Wijdan (Conscience) This article covers Wijdan (Conscience) in Sufi terminology. Literally meaning the essence of human existence and a person’s perception of themselves, wijdan (conscience) is a spiritual mechanism composed of the willpower, which chooses between good and evil, the spiritual intellect (fuad), which is the inner, most essential dimension...

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Waliyy and Awliyaullah

Waliyy And Awliyaullah (God’s Friend [Saint] And God’s Friends [Saints]) This article explains the meaning of Waliyy and Awliyaullah (God’s Friend [Saint] And God’s Friends [Saints]) in Sufism. Literally meaning a friend, a helper, a loyal one, or a guardian, a waliyy is one who is devoted to God with...

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Fayd and Tajalli (Effusion and Manifestation)

Fayd And Tajalli (Effusion and Manifestation) This article covers Fayd and Tajalli (Effusion and Manifestation). Fayd literally means the effusion of blessings, profusion, abundance, and increase. Giving existence to something and equipping it with all the particularities and necessities of being existent, and favoring a person with inspirations and spiritual...

Special Knowledge from God

‘Ilm Ladun (The Special Knowledge from God’s Presence)

‘Ilm Ladun (The Special Knowledge from God’s Presence) What is meant by ‘ilm ladun (The special knowledge from God’s Presence), is knowledge of the Unseen or knowledge of mysteries, or knowledge which God imparts into one’s heart and the truths occurring to it. Primarily included is the knowledge of all the...

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Wahy And Ilham (Revelation And Inspiration)

Wahy And Ilham (Revelation And Inspiration) Wahy and Ilham (Revelation and inspiration) are two subjects that have been much discussed in Islamic religious sciences, as well as by Sufis, as they are each an important dimension of effusion and manifestation. The Sufis have mostly recollected Revelation and inspiration when manifestation...

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Al-A‘yanu’th-Thabita  and Al-‘Alamu’l-Mithal

Al-A‘yanu’th-Thabita  And Al-‘Alamu’l-Mithal (Archetypes and the World of Representations or Ideal Forms) This article covers Al-A‘yanu’th-Thabita  and Al-‘Alamu’l-Mithal (Archetypes and the World of Representations or Ideal Forms). In Sufi terminology, archetypes are the established, existential origins of things in the realm of Divine Knowledge. They consist of the manifestations of the...

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Ahadiya And Wahidiya (Uniqueness Or Absolute Oneness And Unity)

Ahadiya And Wahidiya (Uniqueness Or Absolute Oneness And Unity) This article covers Ahadiya And Wahidiya (Uniqueness Or Absolute Oneness And Unity). Ahadiya literally means oneness, or singleness, without having a second or like. It denotes oneness in order to emphasize uniqueness, or that God is One Who has no like....

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Al-Awwal, Al-Ahir, Az-Zahir, And Al-Batin

Al-Awwal, Al-Ahir, Az-Zahir, And Al-Batin The First, The Last, The All-Outward and The All-Inward This article covers Al-Awwal, Al-Ahir, Az-Zahir, and Al-Batin. Al-Awwal (the First) means the One Who is the First of all, without having a beginning, and Who brings all other existent things and beings into existence. Meaning the...

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Wahda And Kasra (Unity And Multiplicity)

Wahda And Kasra (Unity And Multiplicity) This article explains the meaning of Wahda and Kasra (Unity and Multiplicity) in Sufism. Like the Divine Names the First and the Last, and the All-Outward and the All-Inward, the concepts of unity and multiplicity are, with respect to their literal meanings, opposite to...

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Salik (Initiate)

Salik (Initiate) A salik (initiate) is a traveler who follows a way to a goal and makes efforts to meet with God. The way of traveling differs according to the capacity, abilities and gifts with which each individual has been favored. Some are extraordinarily attracted and taken by God Himself...

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Dervish

Dervish Dervish is a word that means poor, destitute one. Even though it is used for the poor and helpless in worldly terms, in Sufi terminology it is used for those who are aware of their poverty and helplessness before God. Although poverty and helplessness in worldly terms are associated...

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Another Way Of Journeying And Initiation

Another Way Of Journeying And Initiation This article covers Another Way of Journeying and Initiation. Some make spiritual journeys by refining and developing the inner faculties, while others purify the carnal self within, causing it to take certain steps. In both these ways, suffering for certain periods is essential to...

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The Distance Between Two Bows or Nearer

The Distance Between Two Bows Or Nearer This article explains the meaning of The Distance Between Two Bows or Nearer in Sufism. This metaphoric Qur’anic expression concerns God’s Messenger‘s unparalleled nearness to God during his Ascension. From the viewpoint of Sufism, it denotes rising beyond the horizons of Divine acts...

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The Universal Man

The Universal Man This article describes al-insanu’l-kamil (The Universal Man or The Perfect Man) in Sufism. Also known as the perfect man (al-insanu’l-kamil), the universal man is the brightest mirror of God’s acts, Names, Attributes, and even His Essential Qualities that qualify Him as God. There is a rule that...

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Irshad And Murshid (Guidance And the Guide)

Irshad And Murshid (Guidance And the Guide) This article explains the meaning of Irshad and Murshid (Guidance and the Guide) in Sufism. Guidance is defined in different ways, among which are directing to the right path, awakening hearts to the Ultimate Truth, helping feelings and thoughts reach God by removing...

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Safar (Journeying)

Safar (Journeying) Literally meaning being transported from one place to another, Safar (journeying) in the language of the Sufis is described as being freed from living a restricted life with carnal or bodily concerns and bounds, and turning to God on the horizon of the heart. It can be viewed...

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Samt (Silence)

Samt (Silence) This article explains the meaning of Samt (Silence) in Sufism. Literally meaning avoiding speech and keeping silent, samt is used by the Sufis to describe keeping silent or preferring silence in self-possession to avoid the useless or harmful utterances that one can make while speaking. Aware of the...