Indigenous Religions

Religions that consist of the traditional customs and beliefs of particular ethnic groups, refined and expanded upon for thousands of years, often lacking formal doctrine.

Totem Pole Indian Native Culture Symbol Wood

Totemism

Totemism Totemism is an aspect of religious belief centered upon the veneration of sacred objects called totems. Totemism is derived from the term “ototeman” in the Ojibwe language, meaning “brother-sister kin”.  A totem is any animal, plant, or other object, natural or supernatural, which provides deeply symbolic meaning for a person...

Autel animiste. Village Bozo, Mopti, Mali. Date du cliché 25-12-1972

Animism

Animism Animism (from the Latin: animus or anima, meaning mind or soul) refers to a belief in numerous personalized, supernatural beings endowed with reason, intelligence and/or volition, that inhabit both objects and living beings and govern their existences. More simply, it is the belief that “everything is conscious” or that “everything has a soul.” The term has been further extended...

Cancun Pyramid Maya Temple Mayan Mexico Ancient

Indigenous Religions

Indigenous Religions Indigenous religions, formerly found on every continent, but now marginalized by the major organized faiths. Despite this, they often persist as undercurrents of folk religion. This category includes African traditional religions, Asian Shamanism, Native American religions, Mesoamerican Religion, Aztec Religion, Inuit Religion, Austronesian and Australian Aboriginal traditions, Ethnic religion,...

Australia Ayers Rock Northern Territory Outback Red

Australian Aboriginal Religion and Mythology

Australian Aboriginal Religion and Mythology Australian Aboriginal religion and mythology are the beliefs represented in the stories traditionally performed by Aboriginal peoples within each of the language groups across Australia in their ceremonies. The mythology includes Dreamtime or Dreaming stories, songlines, and Aboriginal oral literature. The myths convey descriptions of...

WELEGARA VILLAGE OF THE SERER PEOPLE

Serer Religion

Serer Religion The Serer religion, or a ƭat Roog (“the way of the Divine”), is the original religious beliefs, practices, and teachings of the Serer people of Senegal in West Africa. The Serer religion believes in a universal supreme deity called Roog (or Rog). In the Cangin languages, Roog is referred to as Koox (or Kooh), Kopé...

Bakongo masks from the Kongo Central

Traditional African Religions

Traditional African Religions The traditional African religions (or traditional beliefs and practices of African people) are a set of highly diverse beliefs that include various ethnic religions. Generally, these traditions are oral rather than scriptural, include belief in a supreme creator, belief in spirits, veneration of the dead, use of magic and traditional African medicine. The role of humanity is...

Stonehenge Monument Prehistoric Salisbury Britain

Paganism

Paganism Paganism (from Latin paganus, meaning “a country dweller or rustic”) is a term that has been used from antiquity to derogatorily denote polytheistic faiths. Since the term was typically used as a blanket statement to circumscribe all non-Christian (or, more broadly, non-monotheistic) faiths, it served the same pejorative purpose as the Jewish term gentile, the Islamic...

Example of Louisiana Voodoo altar inside a temple in New Orleans.

Afro-American Religion

Afro-American Religion Afro-American religion (also known as African diasporic religions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas in various nations of Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southern United States. They derive from traditional African religions with some influence from other religious traditions, notably Christianity. Characteristics Afro-American religions involve veneration of the dead, and include a creator deity along with a pantheon of...

Tengri in Old Turkic script

Tengrism

What is Tengrism? Tengrism, also known as Tengriism, Tenggerism, or Tengrianism, is a Central Asian religion characterized by shamanism, animism, totemism, polytheism, and monotheism, and ancestor worship. It was the prevailing religion of the Turks, Mongols, Hungarians, Bulgars, Xiongnu, and, possibly, the Huns, and the religion of the several medieval states: Göktürk Khaganate, Western Turkic...

Shamanism Spirituality Shaman Baikal Russia Winter

Shamanism

Shamanism Shamanism is a practice that involves a practitioner reaching altered states of consciousness in order to perceive and interact with what they believe to be a spirit world and channel these transcendental energies into this world. A shaman is someone who is regarded as having access to, and influence in, the world...

A Cheyenne Sun Dance gathering, c. 1909.

Native American Religions

Native American Religions Native American religions are the spiritual practices of the indigenous peoples of the Americas. This article focuses on Native North Americans. Traditional Native American ceremonial ways can vary widely and are based on the differing histories and beliefs of individual tribes, clans, and bands. Early European explorers describe individual Native...

Death in Norse Paganism 

Death in Norse Paganism  Death in Norse paganism was associated with varying customs and beliefs. Not only could a Viking funeral be performed a number of ways, the idea of the soul was associated with various notions, as well as of where the dead went in their afterlife, such as Valhalla, Fólkvangr, Hel, and Helgafjell. The soul The...

Modern Paganism

Modern Paganism Modern Paganism, also known as Contemporary Paganism and Neopaganism, is a collective term for new religious movements influenced by or derived from the various historical pagan beliefs of pre-modern Europe, North Africa and the Near East. Although they do share similarities, contemporary Pagan religious movements are diverse, and no single set...

Inti Raymi, Saksaywaman, Cusco

Religion in The Inca Empire

Religion in The Inca Empire In the heterogeneous Inca Empire, polytheistic religions were practiced. Some deities, such as Pachamama and Viracocha, were known throughout the empire, while others were localised. Deities Inca deities occupied the three realms: hanan pacha, the celestial realm in the sky. ukhu pacha, the inner earth...

Gitche Manitou

Gitche Manitou Gitche Manitou (Gitchi Manitou, Kitchi Manitou, etc.) means “Great Spirit” in several Algonquian languages. Christian missionaries have translated God as Gitche Manitou in scriptures and prayers in the Algonquian languages. Manitou is a common Algonquian term for spirit, mystery, or deity. Native American Churches in Mexico, United States and Canada often use this term. Anishinaabe In more recent Anishinaabe culture, the Anishinaabe language word Gichi-manidoo means Great Spirit,...

totem pole

Totem Pole

Totem Pole Totem poles (Gyáa’aang in the Haida language)[1] are monumental carvings, a type of Northwest Coast art, consisting of poles, posts or pillars, carved with symbols or figures. They are usually made from large trees, mostly western red cedar, by First Nations and indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest coast including northern Northwest Coast Haida, Tlingit, and Tsimshian communities in Southeast Alaska and British Columbia, Kwakwaka’wakw and Nuu-chah-nulth communities...

Scroll Up