the Enlightenment

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How Can Life of Value Best Flourish in the Real World?

How Can Life of Value Best Flourish in the Real World? The Urgent Need for an Intellectual Revolution For much of my working life (from 1972 onwards) I have argued, in and out of print, that we need to bring about a revolution in the aims and methods of science...

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz

Who Is Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz? Gottfried Wilhelm (von) Leibniz (Leibnitz, Godefroi Guillaume Leibnitz;[15] 1 July 1646 – 14 November 1716) was a prominent German polymath and one of the most important logicians, mathematicians and natural philosophers of the Enlightenment. As a representative of the seventeenth-century tradition of rationalism, Leibniz’s most prominent accomplishment...

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Pandeism

What Is Pandeism? Pandeism (or pan-deism) is a theological doctrine first delineated in the 18th century which combines aspects of pantheism with aspects of deism. It holds that the creator deity became the universe (pantheism) and ceased to exist as a separate and conscious entity (deism holding that God does not interfere with the universe after its creation).[2][3][4][5] Pandeism is proposed to explain, as it relates...

Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Who Is Jean-Jacques Rousseau? Jean-Jacques Rousseau (28 June 1712 – 2 July 1778) was a Genevan philosopher, writer and composer. His political philosophy influenced the progress of the Enlightenment throughout Europe, as well as aspects of the French Revolution and the development of modern political, economic and educational thought. His Discourse...

Immanuel Kant

Who Is Immanuel Kant? Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 – 12 February 1804) was an influential Prussian German philosopher[21] in the Age of Enlightenment. In his doctrine of transcendental idealism, he argued that space, time, and causation are mere sensibilities; “things-in-themselves” exist, but their nature is unknowable.[22][23] In his view, the mind shapes and structures experience, with all human experience sharing certain structural...

God Is Dead

God Is Dead ‘God is Dead’ also known as The Death of God is a widely quoted statement by German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche. Nietzsche used the phrase to express his idea that the Enlightenment had eliminated the possibility of the existence of God. However, proponents of the strongest form of the Death...

19th-Century Philosophy

19th-century Philosophy In the 19th century, the philosophies of the Enlightenment began to have a dramatic effect, the landmark works of philosophers such as Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau influencing new generations of thinkers. In the late 18th century a movement known as Romanticism began; it is strong emotion as an...

Vision and Virtue

Vision and Virtue Most cultures have recognized that morality, religion, story, and myth are bound together in some vital way, and that to sever the connections among them leaves us not with strong and independent ethical principles but with weak and unprotected ones. One way to counter moral illiteracy is...

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