Sophiology

Sophiology

What Is Sophiology? Sophiology (Софиология, by detractors also called Sophianism Софианство or Sophism Софизм) is a controversial school of thought in Russian Orthodoxy, concerned with the interpretation of Holy Wisdom (Hagia Sophia) which has been misunderstood as a feminine “fourth hypostasis” .[1] The controversy has roots in the early modern period, but sophiology as a theological...

Sophia (wisdom)

Sophia (wisdom) Sophia (σοφία sophía “wisdom“) is a central idea in Hellenistic philosophy and religion, Platonism, Gnosticism, and Christian theology. Originally carrying a meaning of “cleverness, skill”, the later meaning of the term, close to the meaning of Phronesis (“wisdom, intelligence”), was significantly shaped by the term philosophy (“love of wisdom”) as used by Plato. In...

Holy Wisdom

What Is Holy Wisdom? Holy Wisdom (Greek Ἁγία Σοφία, Latin Sancta Sapientia, Russian Святая София Премудрость Божия “Holy Sophia, Divine Wisdom”) is a concept in Christian theology. Christian theology received the Old Testament personification of Wisdom (Hebrew Chokhmah) as well as the concept of Wisdom (Sophia) from Greek philosophy, especially Platonism. In Christology, Christ the Logos as...

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