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Outline of Religious Texts

Outline of Religious Texts Religious texts or sacred texts (also known as scripture, or scriptures, from the Latin scriptura, meaning “writing”) are texts which religious traditions consider to be central to their practice or beliefs. Religious texts may be used to provide meaning and purpose, evoke a deeper connection with the divine,...

An early 19th-century Dasam Granth manuscript frontispiece (British Library MS Or.6298)

Dasam Granth

Dasam Granth The Dasam Granth (ਦਸਮ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ, lit. “the Book of the Tenth Guru”), also called the Dasven Pādśāh kā Graṅth, (ਦਸਮ ਗ੍ਰੰਥ), is a holy book in Sikhism with compositions attributed to Guru Gobind Singh. It is a controversial religious text considered to be the second scripture by some Sikhs, and of disputed authority by other Sikhs. The standard edition...

Tang dynasty Zhuangzi manuscript preserved in Japan (1930s replica)

Zhuangzi

Zhuangzi (book) The Zhuangzi (Chuang Tzŭ) is an ancient Chinese text from the late Warring States period (476–221 BC) which contains stories and anecdotes that exemplify the carefree nature of the ideal Taoist sage. Named for its traditional author, “Master Zhuang” (Zhuangzi), the Zhuangzi is one of the two foundational texts of Taoism, along with...

The Quran and Scientific Discoveries

The Quran and Scientific Discoveries The formation and the developmental phases of an embryo in the uterus What the Quran reveals about the formation and the developmental phases of an embryo in the uterus is striking: O mankind! if you have a doubt about the Resurrection, (consider) that We created...

Oral Torah

Oral Torah According to Rabbinic Judaism, the Oral Torah or Oral Law (תורה שבעל פה, Torah she-be-`al peh, lit. “Torah that is on the mouth”) represents those laws, statutes, and legal interpretations that were not recorded in the Five Books of Moses, the “Written Torah” (תורה שבכתב, Torah she-bi-khtav, lit. “Torah that is in writing”), but...

Christianity and Judaism

Christianity and Judaism Christianity is rooted in Second Temple Judaism, but the two religions diverged in the first centuries of the Christian Era. Christianity emphasizes correct belief (or orthodoxy), focusing on the New Covenant as mediated through Jesus Christ, as recorded in the New Testament. Judaism places emphasis on correct conduct (or orthopraxy), focusing on the Mosaic covenant, as recorded in the Torah and Talmud. Christians believe...

Women in the Quran and the Sunna

Women in the Quran and the Sunna In Islam there is absolutely no difference between men and women as far as their relationship to Allah is concerned, as both are promised the same reward for good conduct and the same punishment for evil conduct. The Qur’an says: And for women...

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Five Mysteries Mentioned In The Qur’an

“Five Mysteries” Mentioned In The Qur’an It appears that the time of the coming of rain and the sex of the baby in the mother’s womb can be known in advance. Are these then no longer to be counted among the “five mysteries” mentioned in the Qur’an? The question concerns...

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How Does The Qur’an Regard “Knowledge”?

How Does The Qur’an Regard “Knowledge”? What are the differences between the Islamic and the modern scientific points of view on knowledge (‘ilm)? How does the Qur’an regard “knowledge”? Genuine knowledge (‘ilm) is a source of infinite light covered with truth, which leads enlightened people toward the righteous path. Modern...

Important Explanations To Understand Certain Important Truths Of Quran

Important Explanations To Understand Certain Important Truths Of Quran In the Name of God, the Merciful, the Compassionate. Alif Lam Ra. A Book whose verses were established and set clear, and then distinguished, from One All-Wise, All-Aware. (11:1) In order to help those who do not have enough submission and...

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Does The Qur’an Allude To Scientific Developments?

Does The Qur’an Allude To Scientific Developments? Before answering this question, we should point out one important fact: Considering science as opposed to religion and scientific study as separate from and independent of the Qur’an is just as mistaken as trying to reduce the Qur’an to a science textbook by...

Does The Quran Contain Everything?

Does The Quran Contain Everything? Being a Book describing man and the universe, the Quran contains ‘everything’. It declares: With Him are the keys of the Unseen. None but He knows them. And He knows what is in the land and the sea. Not a leaf falls but with His...

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Did Prophet Muhammad Write The Holy Qur’an?

Did Prophet Muhammad Write The Holy Qur’an? As this question has generated a great deal of literature, I shall confine my answer to the most pertinent points. This allegation is made by Orientalists, just as it was by their predecessors: Christian and Jewish writers who deeply resented the spread of...

Divine Wisdom In The Quran’s Being Revealed In Stages Over 23 Years

Divine Wisdom In The Quran’s Being Revealed In Stages Over 23 Years The Quran was revealed in stages over a period of 23 years, and not as a complete book in one single act of revelation. There is wisdom and a number of reasons for this, which we shall try...

Tajwid

What is Tajwid? In the context of the recitation of the Quran, Tajweed (تجويد‎ tajwīd, ‘elocution’) is a set of rules for the correct pronunciation of the letters with all their qualities and applying the various traditional methods of recitation (Qira’at). In Arabic, the term tajwīd is derived from the triliteral root j-w-d (‘to improve’). Tajweed is a compulsory religious duty (fard) when...

Qira’at

What Is Qira’at? In Islam, Qira’at (recitations, readings) refers to the method of recitation of the Quran. Traditionally, there are ten recognised schools of qira’at, and each one derives its name from a famous reader of Quran recitation. Each Qira’at is then transmitted via a riwaya (transmission) named after its primary narrator. Each riwaya a corpus of recitation containing the...

Qurʾān with illuminated manuscript pages featuring ink, gold, and lapis, late 18th–early 19th century. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Louis E. and Theresa S. Seley Purchase Fund for Islamic Art, 2009 (accession no. 2009.294); www.metmuseum.org

Comprehensiveness of Quran And Meaning

Comprehensiveness of Quran And Meaning This comes from the comprehensiveness of the Quran’s wording. Certainly, this comprehensiveness is apparent in the previous Words, as well as in the verses whose meanings are quoted in this Word. As pointed out in the hadith, Each verse has outer meanings, inner meanings, limits...

Respect For The Qur’an

Respect For The Qur’an Reciting the Qur’an to your children and teaching them how to read it is of great importance, but there is something that is even more important. That is giving your children the sense that what is being recited is “the word of Allah.” Nowadays, one of...

List of Legends in The Quran

List of Legends in The Quran A number of legends, parables or pieces of folklore appear in the Quran, often with similar motifs to Jewish and Christian traditions which may pre-date those in the Quran.[1] One folklorist, Alan Dundes, has noted three “folktales” in the Quran that fit the pattern of those included...

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