St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican City

Roman Catholic Church

Roman Catholic Church The Roman Catholic Church or Catholic Church is the Christian Church in full communion with the Bishop of Rome, currently Pope Benedict XVI. It traces its origins to the original Christian community founded by Jesus Christ and led by the Twelve Apostles, in particular Saint Peter. The Catholic Church is the largest Christian Church and...

good and evil

Dogma

Dogma Dogma is an official system of principles or doctrines of a religion, such as Roman Catholicism, or the positions of a philosopher or of a philosophical school such as Stoicism. In the pejorative sense, dogma refers to enforced decisions, such as those of aggressive political interests or authorities. More generally,...

List of Christian Denominations

List of Christian Denominations A Christian denomination is a distinct religious body within Christianity, identified by traits such as a name, organization, and doctrine. Individual bodies, however, may use alternative terms to describe themselves, such as church, convention, assembly, house, union, network, or sometimes fellowship. Divisions between one denomination and...

Christian Denomination

Christian Denomination A Christian denomination is a distinct religious body within Christianity, identified by traits such as a name, organization, leadership and doctrine. The Roman Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodox Church, and Oriental Orthodox Churches, meaning the large majority, all self-describe as churches, whereas many Protestant denominations self-describe as congregations or fellowships....

Religious Denomination

Religious Denomination A religious denomination is a subgroup within a religion that operates under a common name, tradition, and identity. The term refers to the various Christian denominations (for example, Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and the many varieties of Protestantism). It is also used to describe the four major branches of Judaism (Orthodox, Conservative,...

Happiness and Religion

Happiness and Religion The relationship between religion and happiness has been the focus of much research. The present review provides a critical examination of this research and, in particular, focuses on conceptual and methodological concerns. The majority of studies report a positive association between measures of religion and happiness; however,...

Black Fast

Black Fast A Black Fast is a severe form of Christian fasting. It is the most rigorous in the history of Church legislation and is marked by austerity regarding the quantity and quality of food permitted on fasting days as well as the time when such food is legitimately taken....

Jesus Tempted in the Wilderness

Fasting in Christianity

Fasting in Christianity Fasting is a practice in several Christian denominations and is done both collectively during certain seasons of the liturgical calendar, or individually as a believer feels led by the Holy Spirit. In Western Christianity, the Lenten fast is observed by many communicants of the Catholic Church, Lutheran...

Prophets of Christianity

Prophets of Christianity In Christianity the figures widely recognised as prophets are those mentioned as such in the Old Testament and the New Testament. It is believed that prophets are chosen and called by God. The main list below consists of only those individuals that have been clearly defined as...

Binitarianism

What Is Binitarianism? Binitarianism is a Christian theology of two persons, personas, or aspects in one substance/Divinity (or God). Classically, binitarianism is understood as a form of monotheism—that is, that God is absolutely one being—and yet with binitarianism there is a “twoness” in God, which means one God family. The other common forms of monotheism...

Holy Name of Jesus

Holy Name of Jesus In Roman Catholicism, the veneration Holy Name of Jesus (also Most Holy Name of Jesus, Italian: Santissimo Nome di Gesù) developed as a separate type of devotion in the Early Modern period, in parallel to that of the Sacred Heart. The Litany of the Holy Name is a Roman Catholic Prayer, probably of the 15th...

Marian Devotions

Marian Devotions Marian devotions are external pious practices directed to the person of Mary, mother of Jesus, by members of certain Christian traditions.[1] They are performed in Roman Catholicism and Orthodox Christianity, but generally rejected in Protestant denominations. Such devotional prayers or acts may be accompanied by specific requests for Mary’s intercession with God.[2][3] There is significant diversity of form and structure in...

Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit. Folio from Walters manuscript W.171 (15th century)

Seven Gifts of The Holy Spirit

Seven Gifts of The Holy Spirit The Seven gifts of the Holy Spirit are an enumeration of seven spiritual gifts originating from patristic authors, later elaborated by five intellectual virtues and four other groups of ethical characteristics. They are: wisdom, understanding, counsel, fortitude, knowledge, piety, and fear of the Lord. Book of Isaiah The seven...

What Is Holy Spirit?

What Is Holy Spirit? The Holy Spirit, or Holy Ghost, is a part of the triune godhead (three in one God) of Christianity. According to the Bible The Holy Spirit was there from the beginning. Genesis 1:2 says that the Holy Spirit helped create the Earth. It was by the Holy Spirit that Jesus was conceived in Mary (Matthew 1:18,19). When Jesus had...

Depiction of Jesus

Depiction of Jesus No useful description of the physical appearance of Jesus is given in the New Testament and the depiction of Jesus in pictorial form was controversial in the early Church.[1][2] The depiction of him in art took several centuries to reach a conventional standardized form for his physical...

Tray Breakfast Muesli Fruit Fruits Bowls Bio

What is Fasting?

What is Fasting? Fasting is the willing abstinence or reduction from some or all food, drink, or both, for a period of time. An absolute fast or dry fasting is normally defined as abstinence from all food and liquid for a defined period. Water fasting refers to abstinence from all food and drink except water, but black coffee and tea may...

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