Punishment

church, sky Christianity

Second Death

Second Death The second death is an eschatological concept in Judaism and Christianity, related to punishment after a first, natural death. Judaism Main article: Jewish eschatology Although the term is not found in the Hebrew Bible, Sysling, in his study (1996) of Teḥiyyat ha-metim (“resurrection of the dead”) in the Palestinian Targums, identifies a consistent usage of the term “second...

Araf

What Is Araf? A’raf (الأعراف‎) is the Muslim separator realm or borderland between heaven and hell, inhabited by the people who are evenly balanced in their sins and virtues. This place may be described as a kind of beneficent purgatory with privation but without suffering. The word is literally translated...

Gehenna

What Is Gehenna? Gehenna is a small valley in Jerusalem. In the Hebrew Bible, Gehenna was initially where some of the kings of Judah sacrificed their children by fire.[1] Thereafter, it was deemed to be cursed (Jer. 7:31, 19:2–6).[2] In rabbinic literature Gehenna is a destination of the wicked.[3] This is different from the...

Hell Is Punishment For Actions

Hell Is Punishment For Actions Hell is punishment for actions, but Paradise is a Divine favor. What is the reason for this? It is clearly shown in the above Indications that with his faculty of will and insignificant wishes, through giving form and reality to something non-existent or theoretical, man...

Naraka in Hinduism

Naraka in Hinduism Naraka (नरक) is the Hindu equivalent of Hell, where sinners are tormented after death.[1] It is also the abode of Yama, the god of Death. It is described as located in the south of the universe and beneath the earth. The number and names of hells, as well as the type of sinners...

Purgatory: Rabbinic Views

Purgatory: An intermediate state through which souls are to pass in order to be purified from sin before they are admitted into the heavenly paradise. The belief in purgatory, fundamental with the Roman Catholic Church, is based by the Church authorities chiefly upon II Macc. xii. 44-45: “If he [Judas]...

fire planet

Jahannam

What Is Jahannam? Jahannam (جهنم‎) in Islam refers to an afterlife place of punishment for evildoers. The punishments are carried in accordance with the degree of evil one has done during his life.[1] In Quran, Jahannam is also referred as an-Nar النار‎ (“The Fire”),[2] Jaheem جحيم‎ (“Blazing Fire”[3]), Hutamah حطمة‎ (“That which Breaks to Pieces” [4]), Haawiyah هاوية‎ (“The Abyss”[5]), Ladthaa لظى‎, Sa’eer سعير‎ (“The Blaze”[6]), Saqar سقر‎.[7][8] and also the...

Barzakh

Barzakh Barzakh (برزخ, “barrier, partition”[1] is an Arabic word meaning “obstacle”, “hindrance”, “separation”,[2] or “barrier”[3]) designates a place between hell and heaven, where the soul resides after death, and experiences its own heaven or hell, until the resurrection on Qiyamah (Judgement Day).[4] In Islamic eschatology, although largely up to interpretation, al-Barzakh is generally viewed as the barrier between the physical and spiritual worlds....

tunnel

What Is Limbo?

Limbo (Late Latin limbus) a word of Teutonic derivation, meaning literally “hem” or “border,” as of a garment, or anything joined on (cf. Italian lembo or English limb). In theological usage the name is applied to (a) the temporary place or state of the souls of the just who, although purified from sin, were excluded from the beatific vision until Christ’s triumphant ascension into Heaven (the “limbus patrum”); or (b)...

Christian Views on Hades

Christian Views on Hades In New Testament Greek, the Hebrew phrase “לא־תעזב נפשׁי לשׁאול” (you will not abandon my soul to Sheol) in Psalm 16:10 is quoted in Acts 2:27 as “οὐκ ἐγκαταλείψεις τὴν ψυχήν μου εἰς ᾅδου” (you will not abandon my soul to Hades). In the Textus Receptus version of the New Testament, on which the English King...

What Is Sheol?

Sheol She’ol (שְׁאוֹל Šəʾōl), in the Hebrew Bible, is a place of darkness to which all the dead go, both the righteous and the unrighteous, regardless of the moral choices made in life, a place of stillness and darkness cut off from life and from God.[1] The inhabitants of Sheol are the “shades”...

Limbo

Limbo In Catholic theology, Limbo (Latin limbus, edge or boundary, referring to the “edge” of Hell) is a doctrine concerning the afterlife condition of those who die in original sin without being assigned to the Hell of the Damned. Medieval theologians of western Europe described the underworld (“hell”, “hades”, “infernum”) as divided...

Intermediate State

Intermediate State In some forms of Christian eschatology, the intermediate state or interim state is a person’s “intermediate” existence between one’s death and the universal resurrection. In addition, there are beliefs in a particular judgment right after death and a general judgement or last judgment after the resurrection. Christians looked for an imminent end...

What Is Purgatory?

Purgatory Catholic doctrine Purgatory (Lat., “purgare”, to make clean, to purify) in accordance with Catholic teaching is a place or condition of temporal punishment for those who, departing this life in God’s grace, are, not entirely free from venial faults, or have not fully paid the satisfaction due to their transgressions. The faith of the Church concerning purgatory is clearly expressed...

Limbo and Purgatory

Purgatory

What Is Purgatory? Purgatory (purgatorium, via Anglo-Norman and Old French)[1] is an intermediate state after physical death for expiatory purification.[2] Roman Catholic doctrine holds that this state exists and that those being purified can be helped by the prayers of the living.[3] In the speculation of theologians and in popular imagination, purgatory is a place where this purification is done by...

Divine Retribution

What Is Divine Retribution? Divine retribution is supernatural punishment of a person, a group of people, or everyone by a deity in response to some action. Many cultures have a story about how a deity exacted punishment upon previous inhabitants of their land, causing their doom. An example of divine retribution is the story found in...

Atonement

Atonement

What Is Atonement? Atonement is the concept of a person taking action to correct previous wrongdoing on their part, either through direct action to undo the consequences of that act, equivalent action to do good for others, or some other expression of feelings of remorse. From the Middle English attone or atoon (“agreed”, literally “at one”), now meaning to be “at...

Prayascitta

Prayascitta Prāyaścitta (प्रायश्चित्त) is the Sanskrit word which means “atonement, penance, expiation”.[1][2][3] It refers to one of the corrective measures in dharmaśāstra as an alternative to incarceration or other forms of danda(punishment) when someone is convicted of certain categories of crimes.[3] The word is also used in Hindu texts to refer to actions to expiate one’s errors or...

Penance

What Is Penance? Penance is repentance of sins as well as an alternate name for the Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Oriental Orthodox sacrament of Reconciliation or Confession.[1] It also plays a part in confession among Anglicans and Methodists, in which it is a rite,[2][3] as well as among other Protestants. The word penance derives from Old French and Latin paenitentia, both of which derive from the same root meaning repentance, the desire...

The Virtue of Penance

The Virtue of Penance Penance (poenitentia) designates (1) a virtue; (2) a sacrament of the New Law; (3) a canonical punishment inflicted according to the earlier discipline of the Church; (4) a work of satisfaction enjoined upon the recipient of the sacrament. These have as their common centre the truth that he who sins must...

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