Naturalism

David Hume

Who Is David Hume? David Hume (born David Home; 7 May 1711 – 25 August 1776)[8] was a Scottish Enlightenment philosopher, historian, economist, and essayist, who is best known today for his highly influential system of philosophical empiricism, scepticism, and naturalism.[1] Hume‘s empiricist approach to philosophy places him with John Locke, George Berkeley, Francis Bacon and Thomas...

Brain Gears Concept Skull Idea Light Bulb Male

Pragmatism

What Is Pragmatism? Pragmatism is a philosophical tradition that began in the United States around 1870.[1] Its origins are often attributed to the philosophers Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, and John Dewey. Peirce later described it in his pragmatic maxim: “Consider the practical effects of the objects of your conception. Then, your conception of those effects...

Question Stairs Solution Decision Sign Stairway

Naturalized Epistemology

Naturalized Epistemology The Naturalized epistemology, coined by W. V. O. Quine, is a collection of philosophic views concerned with the theory of knowledge that emphasize the role of natural scientific methods. This shared emphasis on scientific methods of studying knowledge shifts focus to the empirical processes of knowledge acquisition and...

Naturalism

Naturalism In Philosophy

Naturalism in Philosophy In philosophy, naturalism is the “idea or belief that only natural (as opposed to supernatural or spiritual) laws and forces operate in the world.”[1] Adherents of naturalism (i.e., naturalists) assert that natural laws are the rules that govern the structure and behavior of the natural universe, that the changing universe at every stage is a product of these...

Spiritual Naturalism

What Spiritual Naturalism? Spiritual naturalism, or naturalistic spirituality combines mundane and spiritual ways of looking at the world.[1] Spiritual naturalism may have first been proposed by Joris-Karl Huysmans in 1895 in his book En Route – “In ‘En Route’ Huysmans started upon the creation of what he called ‘Spiritual Naturalism,’ that is, realism applied to the story...

Philosophy of Mind

What Is Philosophy of Mind? Philosophy of mind is a branch of philosophy that studies the ontology, nature, and relationship of the mind to the body. The mind–body problem is a paradigm issue in philosophy of mind, although other issues are addressed, such as the hard problem of consciousness, and the nature of particular mental states.[2][3][4] Aspects of...

Modern Paganism

What Is Modern Paganism? Modern Paganism, also known as Contemporary Paganism[1] and Neopaganism,[2] is a collective term for new religious movements influenced by or derived from the various historical pagan beliefs of pre-modern Europe, North Africa and the Near East. Although they do share similarities, contemporary Pagan religious movements are diverse, and no...

Divine Illumination

What Is Divine Illumination? According to divine illumination, the process of human thought needs to be aided by divine grace. It is the oldest and most influential alternative to naturalism in the theory of mind and epistemology.[1] It was an important feature of ancient Greek philosophy, Neoplatonism, medieval philosophy, and the Illuminationist school of Islamic philosophy....

Naturalism

What Is Naturalism? Naturalism is a comprehensive worldview based in a scientific, empirical understanding of reality. It offers a positive, rational and fulfilling alternative to faith-based religions and non-empirical worldviews. The term “naturalism” has no very precise meaning in contemporary philosophy. Its current usage derives from debates in America in the...

Spirituality

What Is Spirituality? The meaning of spirituality has developed and expanded over time, and various connotations can be found alongside each other.[1][2][3] Traditionally, spirituality referred to a religious process of re-formation which “aims to recover the original shape of man”, oriented at “the image of God”[4][5] as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the...

Quran And Modern Science And Philosophy In Viewing Universe

Quran And Modern Science And Philosophy In Viewing Universe Philosophy and sciences view existence as permanent and discuss the nature and qualities of creatures in detail. They do not mention their duties towards their Creator; if these are mentioned, it is very brief. It is as if philosophy and science...

Naturalism vs. Evolution: A Religion/Science Conflict? (2007)

Naturalism vs. Evolution: A Religion/Science Conflict? (2007) Naturalism is the view that there is no such person as God or anything like God. So taken, it is stronger than atheism; it is possible to be an atheist without rising to the heights (or sinking to the depths) of naturalism. A...

Relaxing Watching Looking Man Standing Sky Light

The Hidden Spirituality of Men

The Hidden Spirituality of Men Man’s Hidden Inner Light The spiritual lives of men are, for many, concealed, repressed or forgotten. In an exclusive extract from his new book, Matthew Fox argues that men can rediscover their true selves by embracing the role of noble warrior. I know of a...

Scroll Up