Modern Paganism

What Is Modern Paganism? Modern Paganism, also known as Contemporary Paganism[1] and Neopaganism,[2] is a collective term for new religious movements influenced by or derived from the various historical pagan beliefs of pre-modern Europe, North Africa and the Near East. Although they do share similarities, contemporary Pagan religious movements are diverse, and no...

Divine Illumination

What Is Divine Illumination? According to divine illumination, the process of human thought needs to be aided by divine grace. It is the oldest and most influential alternative to naturalism in the theory of mind and epistemology.[1] It was an important feature of ancient Greek philosophy, Neoplatonism, medieval philosophy, and the Illuminationist school of Islamic philosophy....

Naturalism

What Is Naturalism? Naturalism is a comprehensive worldview based in a scientific, empirical understanding of reality. It offers a positive, rational and fulfilling alternative to faith-based religions and non-empirical worldviews. The term “naturalism” has no very precise meaning in contemporary philosophy. Its current usage derives from debates in America in the...

Spirituality

What Is Spirituality? The meaning of spirituality has developed and expanded over time, and various connotations can be found alongside each other.[1][2][3] Traditionally, spirituality referred to a religious process of re-formation which “aims to recover the original shape of man”, oriented at “the image of God”[4][5] as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the...

Quran And Modern Science And Philosophy In Viewing Universe

Quran And Modern Science And Philosophy In Viewing Universe Philosophy and sciences view existence as permanent and discuss the nature and qualities of creatures in detail. They do not mention their duties towards their Creator; if these are mentioned, it is very brief. It is as if philosophy and science...

Naturalism vs. Evolution: A Religion/Science Conflict? (2007)

Naturalism vs. Evolution: A Religion/Science Conflict? (2007) Naturalism is the view that there is no such person as God or anything like God. So taken, it is stronger than atheism; it is possible to be an atheist without rising to the heights (or sinking to the depths) of naturalism. A...

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