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Progressive Reconstructionism

Progressive Reconstructionism Progressive Reconstructionism is a loosely-knit interfaith community found primarily in the developed world. It comprises activist adherents of Reconstructionist Judaism (and of some other Jewish traditions), the Christian left, progressive Hindus, Buddhists. Muslims, left-leaning Neopagans, Wiccans, and members of other faiths. This community also includes progressives who follow a spiritual practice but...

Conquest of the Orthodox city of Constantinople by the crusaders in 1204 (BNF Arsenal MS 5090, 15th century)

The Crusades

The Crusades The Crusades were a series of military campaigns first inaugurated and sanctioned by the papacy that were undertaken between the eleventh and thirteenth centuries. Originally, the Crusades were Christian Holy Wars to recapture Jerusalem and the Holy Land from the Muslims, then to defend Christian-held Jerusalem, but some were directed against other targets, such...

Taj Mahal Sunset Taj Mahal India Indian Pradesh

Islam

Islam Islam is an Abrahamic monotheistic religion teaching that there is only one God (Allah), and that Muhammad is the messenger of God. It is the world’s second-largest religion with over 1.8 billion followers or 24% of the world’s population, most commonly known as Muslims. Muslims make up a majority of the population in 50 countries. Islam teaches that God is...

The Prophet Muhammad’s Covenants of Protection to Christians

The Prophet Muhammad’s Covenants of Protection to Christians The covenant of the Prophet Muhammad In 626 Prophet Muhammad personally granted a charter to the monks of St. Catherine’s Monastery to protect the rights of Christians and other non-Muslims “far and near” who were living in predominantly-Muslim areas. It may come as...

Islamic Schools and Branches

Islamic Schools and Branches This article summarizes the different branches and schools in Islam. The best known split, into Sunni Islam, Shia Islam, and Kharijites, was mainly political at first but eventually acquired theological and jurisprudential dimensions. There are three traditional types of schools in Islam: schools of jurisprudence, Sufi orders and schools of theology. The...

Islamic Fundamentalism

Islamic Fundamentalism Islamic fundamentalism has been defined as a movement of Muslims who regard earlier times favorably and seek to return to the fundamentals of the Islamic religion[1] and live similarly to how the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his companions lived. Islamic fundamentalists favor “a literal and originalist interpretation” of the primary sources of...

Hajj

Hajj The Hajj [1] حَجّ‎ “pilgrimage”) is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia,[2] the holiest city for Muslims, and a mandatory religious duty for Muslims that must be carried out at least once in their lifetime by all adult Muslims who are physically and financially capable of undertaking the journey, and can support their family during their absence.[3][4][5] Literally...

The Horizons of The Soul: Metaphysical Thought

The Horizons of The Soul: Metaphysical Thought The modern Western world view is said to be founded almost entirely on materialistic notions that exclude or even deny the spiritual or metaphysical dimensions of existence. This is a controversial point, but many so-called Muslim intellectuals who blindly imitate and import what...

Islam And Domestic Violence

Islam And Domestic Violence The relationship between Islam and domestic violence is disputed. Even among Muslims, the uses and interpretations of sharia, the moral code and religious law of Islam, lack consensus. Variations in interpretation are due to different schools of Islamic jurisprudence, histories and politics of religious institutions, conversions,...

Historical Reliability of The Quran

What Is Historical Reliability of The Quran? Historical reliability of the Quran concerns the question of the historicity of the described or claimed events in the Quran. Muslims have generally disapproved of the historical criticism of the Quran[1]. In the Muslim world, scholarly criticism of the Quran can be considered an apostasy and can be punished by death.[2] Scholarly criticism of the Quran,...

Adam

Who is Adam? Adam (אָדָם, ʼAdam, Āḏām, آدَم‎,  Ādam) is the name used in the opening chapters of the biblical Book of Genesis for the first man created by God; the word adam is also used in the Bible as a pronoun, individually as “a human” and in a collective sense as “mankind”.[1] Biblical Adam...

Umrah

What Is Umrah? The Umrah (عُمرَة‎) is an Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Hijaz, Saudi Arabia, performed by Muslims that can be undertaken at any time of the year, in contrast to the Ḥajj (حَـجّ‎) which has specific dates according to the Islamic lunar calendar. In Arabic, ‘Umrah means “to visit a populated place.” In the Sharia, Umrah...

Prophets and Messengers in Islam

Prophets and Messengers in Islam Prophets in Islam ( ٱلْأَنۢبِيَاء فِي ٱلْإِسْلَام‎‎, nabī, ‘prophet’ pl. الأنبياء,نب‎ anbiyāʼ) are individuals who Muslims believe were sent by God to various communities in order to serve as examples of ideal human behavior and to spread God’s message on Earth. Some prophets are categorized as messengers ( رسل‎, rasūl pl. رسول‎ rasl), those who...

Adam in Islam

Adam in Islam Âdam or Aadam (آدم‎,ʾĀdam) is believed to have been the first human being and nabi (نَـبِي‎, prophet) on Earth, in Islam.[1] Adam’s role as the father of the human race is looked upon by Muslims with reverence. Muslims also refer to his wife, Hawa (حَـواء‎, Eve), as the “mother of mankind”.[2] Muslims see Adam as the...

Allah

Who is Allah? Allah (الله‎, Allāh) is the Arabic word for God in Abrahamic religions. In the English language, the word generally refers to God in Islam. The word is thought to be derived by contraction from al-ilāh, which means “the god”, and is related to El and Elah, the Hebrew and Aramaic words for God.   The word...

Allah

Who is Allah?

Who is Allah? Some of the biggest misconceptions that many non-Muslims have about Islam have to do with the word “Allah“. For various reasons, many people have come to believe that Muslims worship a different God than Christians and Jews. This is totally false, since “Allah” is simply the Arabic...

Abrahamic religions

Abrahamic Religions

Abrahamic Religions The Abrahamic religions, also referred to collectively as Abrahamism, are a group of Semitic-originated religious communities of faith that claim descent from the Judaism of the ancient Israelites and the worship of the God of Abraham. The Abrahamic religions are monotheistic, with the term deriving from the patriarch Abraham...

Muhammad’s Views on Christians

Muhammad’s Views on Christians Muhammad’s views on Christians were demonstrated through his interactions with them. He interacted with Christians while in Mecca, and sent a force to fight the Byzantines at the Battle of Mu’tah. Before the First Revelations At the age of nine, or according to some sources twelve, Muhammad went to...

Islamic Views on Jesus’ Death

Islamic Views on Jesus’ Death The issue of the crucifixion, death and resurrection of Jesus (Isa) is rejected by most Muslims, but similar to Christians they believe that Jesus will return before the end of time. Most Muslims believe Jesus was not crucified, but was raised bodily to heaven by God. The general Islamic view supporting the denial of...

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