Ethics

Aristotelianism

What Is Aristotelianism? Aristotelianism is a tradition of philosophy that takes its defining inspiration from the work of Aristotle. This school of thought, in the modern sense of philosophy, covers existence, ethics, mind and related subjects. In Aristotle’s time, philosophy included natural philosophy, which preceded the advent of modern science...

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Philosopher

Who Is A Philosopher? In the classical sense, a philosopher was someone who lived according to a certain way of life, focusing on resolving existential questions about the human condition, and not someone who discourses upon theories or comments upon authors.[3] Typically, these particular brands of philosophy are Hellenistic ones and those who most arduously...

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Medieval Philosophy

What Is Medieval Philosophy? Medieval philosophy is the philosophy that existed through the Middle Ages, the period roughly extending from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century to the Renaissance in the 15th century.[1] Medieval philosophy, understood as a project of independent philosophical inquiry, began in Baghdad, in the middle of the 8th century,[1] and in France, in...

Contemporary Islamic Philosophy

Contemporary Islamic Philosophy The Contemporary Islamic philosophy revives some of the trends of medieval Islamic philosophy, notably the tension between Mutazilite and Asharite views of ethics in science and law, and the duty of Muslims and role of Islam in the sociology of knowledge and in forming ethical codes and...

Al-Farabi

Who Is Al-Farabi? Al-Farabi (ابو نصر محمد بن محمد فارابي‎ Abū Naṣr Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al Fārābī;[2] known in the West as Alpharabius;[5] c. 872[1] – between 14 December, 950 and 12 January, 951)[3] was a renowned philosopher and jurist who wrote in the fields of political philosophy, metaphysics, ethics and logic. He was also a scientist,...

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Positive Human Characteristics Of Wisdom

Positive Human Characteristics Of Wisdom When a person possesses good character it can be observed through their actions. It’s not limited to a single value but the traits are demonstrated in the “good” choices they make and the “bad” choices they avoid. compassion responsibility positive attitude integrity acceptance self-knowledge detached...

Character And Success

Character And Success A YEAR or two ago I was speaking to a famous Yale professor, one of the most noted scholars in the country, and one who is even more than a scholar, because he is in every sense of the word a man. We had been discussing the...

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Religion And Sexuality

Religion And Sexuality The views of religions and religious believers range widely, from giving sex and sexuality a rather negative connotation to believing that sex is the highest expression of the divine. Some religions distinguish between sexual activities that are practiced for biological reproduction (sometimes allowed only when in formal...

Righteousness

What Is Righteousness? Righteousness is defined as “the quality of being morally correct and justifiable.”[1] It can also be considered synonymous with “rightness”.[2] It is a concept that can be found in Indian religions and Abrahamic traditions as a theological concept. For example, from various perspectives in Hinduism, Christianity, and Judaism it is considered an attribute that implies that a person’s actions are justified, and...

What Are The Cardinal Virtues

Cardinal Virtues Those who recite the Divine Office find constantly recurring what seems to be the earliest instance of the word cardinal as applied to the virtues. St. Ambrose, while trying to identify the eight Beatitudes recorded by St. Matthew with the four recorded by St. Luke, makes use of the expression: “Hic quattuor velut...

Ahimsa In Jainism

Ahimsa In Jainism Ahinsā (Ahinsā, ‘ahinsa’, अहिंसा, ahinsā, avihinsā) in Jainism is a fundamental principle forming the cornerstone of its ethics and doctrine. The term ahinsa means nonviolence, non-injury and absence of desire to harm any life forms. Vegetarianism and other nonviolent practices and rituals of Jains flow from the principle of ahimsa. The Jain concept of ahimsa is very different from...

Virtues Are Good Habits

Virtues Are Good Habits Everyone has heard of virtues and most of us have some understanding of what virtues are. It’s easy to see the value in improving how we live in virtue, the problem is it can be hard to know where to start. The easiest way to get...

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Secular Ethics

Secular Ethics Secular ethics is a branch of moral philosophy in which ethics is based solely on human faculties such as logic, empathy, reason or moral intuition, and not derived from supernatural revelation or guidance—the source of ethics in many religions. Secular ethics refers to any ethical system that does not draw on the supernatural, and includes humanism, secularism...

Ethics In The Bible

Ethics In The Bible Ethics in the Bible refers to the system(s) or theory(ies) produced by the study, interpretation, and evaluation of biblical morals, (including the moral code, standards, principles, behaviors, conscience, values, rules of conduct, or beliefs concerned with good and evil and right and wrong), that are found...

Akhlaq

What Is Akhlaq? Akhlaq (أخلاق‎) is the practice of virtue, morality and manners in Islamic theology and falsafah (philosophy). Overview Akhlaq is most commonly translated in English dictionaries as: disposition, nature, temper, ethics, morals or manners (of a person).[1][2]:470 It is the plural of the word khulq which means disposition. “Disposition” is a faculty (malakah)[3] of the soul...

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Wiccan Morality

Wiccan Morality Wiccan morality is largely expressed in the Wiccan Rede: ‘An’ it harm none, do what ye will’ – old-fashioned language for ‘as long as you aren’t harming anyone, do as you wish’. While this could be interpreted to mean “do no harm at all,” it is usually interpreted as a...

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Evolutionary Ethics

Evolutionary Ethics Evolutionary ethics is a field of inquiry that explores how evolutionary theory might bear on our understanding of ethics or morality.[1] The range of issues investigated by evolutionary ethics is quite broad. Supporters of evolutionary ethics have claimed that it has important implications in the fields of descriptive ethics, normative ethics, and metaethics. Descriptive...

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Aristotelian Ethics

Aristotelian Ethics Aristotle first used the term ethics to name a field of study developed by his predecessors Socrates and Plato. Philosophical ethics is the attempt to offer a rational response to the question of how humans should best live. Aristotle regarded ethics and politics as two related but separate...

Social Relationships

Social Relationships Although we humans are definitely individual souls, unlike social animals such as ants, bees, and herds, we are also at least as social as any other creatures. In the later stages of evolution hominids adapted by cooperating with each other as families and in small groups. When humans...

Buddhist Ethics

Buddhist Ethics Buddhist ethics are traditionally based on what Buddhists view as the enlightened perspective of the Buddha, or other enlightened beings such as Bodhisattvas. The Indian term for ethics or morality used in Buddhism is Śīla (शील) or sīla (Pāli). Śīla in Buddhism is one of three sections of the Noble Eightfold Path, and is a...

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