Dhyana

Modern Yoga

What Is Modern Yoga? Modern yoga consists of a range of techniques including asanas (postures) and meditation derived from some of the philosophies, teachings and practices of Hinduism, and organised into a wide variety of schools and denominations. It has been described by Elizabeth de Michelis as having four types,...

Yoga For Women

Yoga For Women Modern yoga has often been taught by women to classes consisting mainly of women. This continued a tradition of gendered physical activity dating back to the early 20th century, with the Harmonic Gymnastics of Genevieve Stebbins in America and Mary Bagot Stack in Britain. One of the pioneers of modern yoga, Indra Devi,...

meditation yoga

Subitism

What Is Subitism? The term subitism points to sudden enlightenment, the idea that insight is attained all at once.[1] The opposite approach, that enlightenment can be achieved only step by step, through an arduous practice, is called gradualism.[2] Etymology The application of the term to Buddhism is derived from the French illumination subite (sudden awakening), contrasting with ‘illumination graduelle’...

Jain meditation

What Is Jain Meditation? Jain meditation (dhyāna) has been the central practice of spirituality in Jainism along with the Three Jewels.[1] Jainism holds that emancipation can only be achieved through meditation or Shukla Dhyana. According to Sagarmal Jain, it aims to reach and remain in a state of “pure-self awareness or knowership.”[2] Meditation is also seen as realizing the...

Dhyana in Hinduism

Dhyana in Hinduism Dhyana in Hinduism means contemplation and meditation.[1] Dhyana is taken up in Yoga exercises, and is a means to samadhi and self-knowledge.[2] The various concepts of dhyana and its practice originated in the Vedic era of Hinduism, and the practice has been influential within the diverse traditions of Hinduism.[3][4] It is, in Hinduism, a part of a self-directed...

Buddhist Meditation

What Is Buddhist Meditation? Buddhist meditation is the practice of meditation in Buddhism. The closest words for meditation in the classical languages of Buddhism are bhāvanā (“mental development”) and jhāna/dhyāna (mental training resulting in a calm and luminous mind). Buddhists pursue meditation as part of the path toward liberation, awakening and Nirvana, and includes...

Yoga

What Is Yoga? Yoga (योग) is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India. Yoga is one of the six orthodox schools of Hindu philosophical traditions.[2] [3] There is a broad variety of yoga schools, practices, and goals[4] in Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism.[5][6][7] The term “yoga” in the Western world often...

History of Meditation

What Is The History of Meditation? The practice of meditation is of prehistoric origin, and is found throughout history, especially in religious contexts.[1] Antiquity The exact origins of Buddhist meditation are subject to debate among scholars.[2] Early written records of the multiple levels and states of meditation in Buddhism in India are found in the sutras of the Pāli Canon, which...

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