Christianity

new testament

Names and titles of God in the New Testament

Names and titles of God in the New Testament In contrast to the variety of absolute or personal names of God in the Old Testament, the New Testament uses only two, according to the International Standard Bible Encyclopaedia. With regard to the original documents that were later included, with or without modification, in...

First Epistle of Johnin Codex Alexandrinus, 5th century

Epistle

Epistle An epistle (ἐπιστολή, epistolē, “letter”) is a writing directed or sent to a person or group of people, usually an elegant and formal didactic letter. The epistle genre of letter-writing was common in ancient Egypt as part of the scribal-school writing curriculum. The letters in the New Testament from Apostles to Christians are usually referred to as epistles. Those traditionally attributed to Paul are known as Pauline...

The Holy Spirit represented as a dove, Mitteleschenbach, Germany.

Eternal Sin

Eternal Sin In Christian hamartiology, eternal sins, unforgivable sins, unpardonable sins, or ultimate sins are sins which will not be forgiven by God. One eternal or unforgivable sin (blasphemy against the Holy Spirit) is specified in several passages of the Synoptic Gospels, including Mark 3:28–29, Matthew 12:31–32, and Luke 12:10. Jewish doctrine Judaism teaches that no sin can overcome God’s forgiveness of sins. In Deuteronomy...

Collection of Bibles and New Testaments in several languages

Bible Translations

Bible Translations The Bible has been translated into many languages from the biblical languages of Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek. As of September 2020 the full Bible has been translated into 700 languages, the New Testament has been translated into an additional 1,548 languages and Bible portions or stories into 1,138 other languages. Thus at least some portions of the Bible have...

Bible Old Bible Christianity Pages Read Religion

Biblical Studies

Biblical Studies Biblical studies is the academic application of a set of diverse disciplines to the study of the Bible (the Tanakh and the New Testament). For its theory and methods, the field draws on disciplines ranging from archaeology, ancient history, cultural anthropology, textual criticism, literary criticism, historical backgrounds, mythology, and comparative religion. Many secular as well as religious universities and colleges offer courses...

Mary Magdalen anointing Christ’s feet. Illuminated manuscript, c. 1500

Anointing of Jesus

Anointing of Jesus The anointings of Jesus’s head or feet are events recorded in the four gospels. The account in Matthew 26, Mark 14, and John 12 has as its location the city of Bethany in the south and involves Mary the sister of Martha and Lazarus. The event in Luke features an unknown sinful woman, and is in the...

Illustration by Paolo Veronese of Jesus healing the woman with a flow of blood.

Jesus’ Interactions With Women

Jesus’ Interactions With Women Jesus‘ interactions with women are an important element in the theological debate about Christianity and women. Women are prominent in the story of Christ Jesus. He was born of a woman, had numerous interactions with women, and was seen first by women after his resurrection. He commissioned the women to go...

Biblical literalism

Biblical Literalism

Biblical Literalism Biblical literalism or biblicism is a term used differently by different authors concerning biblical interpretation. It can equate to the dictionary definition of literalism: “adherence to the exact letter or the literal sense”, where literal means “in accordance with, involving, or being the primary or strict meaning of the word or words; not...

Dead Sea Scrolls in Jerusalem.jpg

Biblical Infallibility

Biblical Infallibility Biblical infallibility is the belief that what the Bible says regarding matters of faith and Christian practice is wholly useful and true. It is the “belief that the Bible is completely trustworthy as a guide to salvation and the life of faith and will not fail to accomplish its purpose. Infallibility and inerrancy...

Bible manuscript in Hebrew, 14th century. Hebrew language and alphabet were the cornerstones of the Jewish national identity in antiquity.

Chronology of the Bible

Chronology of the Bible The chronology of the Bible is an elaborate system of lifespans, ‘generations’, and other means by which the passage of events is measured, beginning with the Genesis creation narrative. A widespread scholarly understanding is that this marks out a world cycle of 4,000 years, ending, presumably, around 164 BCE...

Hebrew Bible from 1300. Genesis.

Biblical Theology

Biblical Theology Biblical theology is the study of the doctrines of the Bible, arranged according to their chronology and historical background. In contrast to systematic theology, which categorizes doctrine according to specific topics, biblical theology shows the unfolding of God’s revelation as it progressed through history. Biblical theology may seek to isolate...

Sola Scriptura

Sola Scriptura

Sola Scriptura Sola scriptura (by scripture alone in English) is a theological doctrine held by some Protestant Christian denominations that the Christian scriptures are the sole infallible source of authority for Christian faith and practice. While the scriptures’ meaning is mediated through many kinds of subordinate authority, such as the ordinary teaching offices of a denominated church,...

Apocryphon of James

Apocryphon of James

Apocryphon of James The Apocryphon of James, also known by the translation of its title – the Secret Book of James, is a pseudonymous text amongst the New Testament apocrypha. It describes the secret teachings of Jesus to Peter and James, given after the Resurrection but before the Ascension. A major theme is...

"The Kiss of Judas" is a traditional depiction of Judas by Giotto di Bondone, c. 1306. Fresco in the Scrovegni Chapel, Padua.

Gospel of Judas

Gospel of Judas The Gospel of Judas is a Gnostic gospel. The content consists of conversations between Jesus and Judas Iscariot. Given that it includes late 2nd century theology, it is thought to have been composed in the 2nd century by Gnostic Christians, rather than the historic Judas himself. The only copy of it known to...

Gospel of Peter

Gospel of Peter

Gospel of Peter The Gospel of Peter (kata Petron euangelion), or Gospel according to Peter, is an ancient text concerning Jesus Christ, only partially known today. It is considered a non-canonical gospel and was rejected as apocryphal by the Catholic Church’s synods of Carthage and Rome, which established the New Testament canon....

Boniface VIII and his cardinals. Illustration of a 14th-century edition of the Decretals

Papal Primacy

Papal Primacy Papal primacy, also known as the primacy of the bishop of Rome, is a Christian ecclesiological doctrine concerning the respect and authority that is due to the pope from other bishops and their episcopal sees. English academic and Catholic priest Aidan Nichols wrote that “at root, only one issue of substance divides the Eastern Orthodox and...

The burning of the pantheistic Amalrician heretics in 1210, in the presence of King Philip II Augustus. In the background is the Gibbet of Montfaucon and, anachronistically, the Grosse Tour of the Temple. Illumination from the Grandes Chroniques de France, c. 1455–1460.

Heresy in Christianity

Heresy in Christianity Heresy in Christianity denotes the formal denial or doubt of a core doctrine of the Christian faith as defined by one or more of the Christian churches. In Western Christianity, heresy most commonly refers to those beliefs which were declared to be anathema by any of the ecumenical councils recognized by the Catholic Church. In the East, the term “heresy”...

Branham Campaign meeting in Tacoma, Washington, April 1948

Healing Revival

Healing Revival Healing revival is a term used by many American Charismatics in reference to a Christian revival movement that began in June 1946 and continued through the 1950s. The period of revival was a significant influence on the modern charismatic movement. Evangelists The period of revivals was described by Christian writer...

Cross Christ Statue Sea Pigeons Redeemer

Redeemer in Christianity

Redeemer in Christianity  Jesus is sometimes referred to as a redeemer in Christianity. This refers to the salvation he is believed to have accomplished, and is based on the metaphor of redemption, or “buying back”. In the New Testament, redemption is used to refer both to deliverance from sin and to freedom from captivity. Although...

Arizona Temple Church Of Jesus Christ Mormon

Second Coming in Mormonism

Second Coming in Mormonism The LDS Church teaches that there is Second Coming in Mormonism. Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) believe that there will be a Second Coming of Jesus Christ to the earth sometime in the future. The LDS Church and its leaders do not...

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