Christianity

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Judeo-Christian

Judeo-Christian The term Judeo-Christian is used to group Christianity and Judaism together, either in reference to Christianity’s derivation from Judaism, Christianity’s borrowing of Jewish Scripture (the Hebrew Bible) to constitute the “Old Testament“ of the Christian Bible, or due to perceived parallels or commonalities in Judaeo-Christian ethics shared by the two religions. The Jewish Tradition of atonement has been borrowed by Christians and circumcision is a common...

A depiction in stained glass: "thy mother Mary fled into Egypt"

Christianity Quotes

Christianity Quotes We have collected and put the best Christianity quotes from around the world. Enjoy reading these insights and feel free to share this page on your social media to inspire others. May these Christianity quotes on many subjects inspire you to never give up and keep working towards...

The Jordan River, where Yahya baptized Isa.

John the Baptist in Islam

John the Baptist in Islam John the Baptist in Islam called Yahya ibn Zakariya, (يحيى ابن زكريا‎) was a prophet and messenger of God (Allah) who was sent to guide the Children of Israel. He is believed by Muslims to have been a witness to the word of God who would herald...

Saint Peter Repentant 1823–25, Goya

Contrition

Contrition In Christianity, contrition or contriteness (from the Latin contritus ‘ground to pieces’, i.e. crushed by guilt) is repentance for sins one has committed. The remorseful person is said to be contrite. A central concept in much of Christianity, contrition is regarded as the first step, through Christ, towards reconciliation with...

Candleholder Old Candlestick Pen Caligraphie Knight

Chivalry

Chivalry Chivalry, or the chivalric code, is an informal and varying code of conduct developed between 1170 and 1220. It was associated with the medieval Christian institution of knighthood; knights’ and gentlemen’s behaviours were governed by chivalrous social codes. The ideals of chivalry were popularized in medieval literature, particularly the...

Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, an 1887 painting by Victor Vasnetsov. The Lamb of God is visible at the top.

Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse (often referred to as the Four Horsemen) are figures in Christian scriptures, appearing in the New Testament‘s final book, Revelation, an apocalypse written by John of Patmos, as well as in the Old Testament‘s prophetic Book of Zechariah, and in the Book of Ezekiel, where they are named as punishments from God....

Daniel in the Lions' Den by Rubens

Book of Daniel

Book of Daniel The Book of Daniel is a 2nd-century BCE biblical apocalypse with an ostensible 6th century BCE setting, combining a prophecy of history with an eschatology (a portrayal of end times) both cosmic in scope and political in focus. It gives “an account of the activities and visions of Daniel, a noble Jew exiled at Babylon”, and its message...

Iconoclasm was caused by the Protestant rejection of the Roman Catholic saints. Zurich, 1524.

History of Protestantism

History of Protestantism Protestantism originated from the Protestation at Speyer in 1529, where the nobility protested against enforcement of the Edict of Worms which subjected advocates of Lutheranism to forfeiture of all of their property. However, the theological underpinnings go back much further, as Protestant theologians of the time cited both Church Fathers and the Apostles to justify their...

The wedding of Tsar Nicholas II of Russia.

Byzantine Rite

Byzantine Rite The Byzantine Rite, also known as the Greek Rite or the Rite of Constantinople, identifies the wide range of cultural, liturgical, and canonical practices that developed in the Eastern Orthodox Church of Constantinople. The canonical hours are very long and complicated, lasting about eight hours (longer during Great Lent) but are abridged outside of large monasteries. An iconostasis,...

Maramon Mar Thoma Church (2005)

Eastern Protestant Christianity

Eastern Protestant Christianity The term Eastern Protestant Christianity (or Eastern Reformed Christianity), as well as Oriental Protestant Christianity, encompasses a range of heterogeneous Protestant Christian denominations that developed outside of the Occident, from the latter half of the nineteenth century and yet keeps elements of Eastern Christianity, to varying degrees....

Bled Slovenia Europe Church Body Of Water Travel

Byzantine Rite Lutheranism

Byzantine Rite Lutheranism Byzantine Rite Lutheranism (also known as Byzantine Lutheranism or Eastern Lutheranism) refers to Lutheran Churches, such as those of Ukraine and Slovenia, that use a form of the Byzantine Rite as their liturgy. It is unique in that it is based on the Eastern Christian rite used...

Nestorian priests in a procession on Palm Sunday, in a seventh- or eighth-century wall painting from a Nestorian church in Qocho, China

Nestorianism

Nestorianism Nestorianism is a polysemic term, used in Christian theology and Church history as a designation for several mutually related but doctrinarily distinctive sets of teachings. The first meaning of the term is related to the original teachings of Christian theologian Nestorius (d. c. 450) who promoted specific doctrines in the fields of Christology and Mariology. The second meaning of the term is much...

Moscow Saint Basil's Cathedral

True Orthodoxy

True Orthodoxy True Orthodoxy, or Genuine Orthodoxy (“Church of True Orthodox Christians”; “True Orthodox Church”), often pejoratively referred to as “Zealotry“, is a movement within Eastern Orthodox Christianity that has been separated from the mainstream Eastern Orthodox Church over issues of ecumenism and calendar reform since the 1920s. Population Those...

Orthodox churches in Vologda, Russia

History of the Eastern Orthodox Church

History of the Eastern Orthodox Church According to the Eastern Orthodox tradition the history of the Eastern Orthodox Church is traced back to Jesus Christ and the Apostles. The Apostles appointed successors, known as bishops, and they in turn appointed other bishops in a process known as Apostolic succession. Over time, five Patriarchates were established to organize the Christian world,...

Church Spilled Blood Church Of The Redeemer

History of Eastern Christianity

History of Eastern Christianity Christianity has been, historically a Middle Eastern religion with its origin in Judaism. Eastern Christianity refers collectively to the Christian traditions and churches which developed in the Middle East, Egypt, Asia Minor, the Far East, Balkans, Eastern Europe, Northeastern Africa and southern India over several centuries of religious antiquity. It is contrasted with Western Christianity which...

Nathan Söderblom is ordained as archbishop of the Church of Sweden, 1914. Although the Swedish Lutherans can boast of an unbroken line of ordinations going back prior to the Reformation, the bishops of Rome today do not recognize such ordinations as a valid due to the fact they occurred without authorization from the Roman See.

Criticism of Protestantism

Criticism of Protestantism Criticism of Protestantism covers critiques and questions raised about Protestantism, the Christian tradition which arose out of the Protestant Reformation. While critics praise Protestantism’s Christ-centered and Bible-centered faith, Protestantism is faced with criticism mainly from the Catholic Church and some Orthodox Churches, although Protestant denominations have also...

Christ Faith Sermon On The Mount God Jesus Clouds

Charismatic Movement

Charismatic Movement The charismatic movement is the international trend of historically mainstream Christian congregations adopting beliefs and practices similar to Pentecostalism. Fundamental to the movement is the use of spiritual gifts (charismata). Among mainline Protestants, the movement began around 1960. Among Roman Catholics, it originated around 1967. History The classic Pentecostalism movement usually traces its origin to the...

Details of the excommunication penalty at the foundling wheel in Venice, Italy

Excommunication

Excommunication Excommunication is an institutional act of religious censure used to end or at least regulate the communion of a member of a congregation with other members of the religious institution who are in normal communion with each other. The purpose of the institutional act is to deprive, suspend, or limit membership in...

Worshippers at Holy Angel Catholic Church on the South Side of Chicago, Illinois, by John H. White, 1973.

Black Church

Black Church The term Black Church refers to the body of Christian congregations and denominations in the United States that minister predominantly to African-Americans, as well as their collective traditions and members. The term can also refer to individual congregations. While most black congregations belong to predominantly African-American Protestant denominations,...

A Salvation Army band parade in Oxford, United Kingdom

The Salvation Army

The Salvation Army The Salvation Army (TSA) is a Christian church and an international charitable organisation. The organisation reports a worldwide membership of over 1.7 million, consisting of soldiers, officers and adherents collectively known as Salvationists. Its founders sought to bring salvation to the poor, destitute, and hungry by meeting both their “physical and spiritual...