Apostles

Apostles In Christian theology and ecclesiology, apostles (‘one who is sent away’), particularly the Twelve Apostles (also known as the Twelve Disciples or simply the Twelve), were the primary disciples of Jesus. During the life and ministry of Jesus in the 1st century AD, the apostles were his closest followers and became the primary teachers...

Incarnation in Christianity

Incarnation in Christianity In Christian theology, the incarnation is the belief that Jesus Christ, the second person of the Trinity, also known as God the Son or the Logos (Koine Greek for “Word”), “was made flesh”[2] by being conceived in the womb of a woman, the Virgin Mary, also known as the Theotokos (Greek...

Logos in Christianity

What Is Logos in Christianity? In Christology, the Logos (”Word”, “Discourse”, or “Reason”)[1] is a name or title of Jesus Christ, derived from the prologue to the Gospel of John (c 100) “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God”,[2] as well as in the Book of Revelation (c 85), “And...

Theology

What Is Theology? Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine. It is taught as an academic discipline, typically in universities and seminaries.[1] Theology is basically the study of deities or their scriptures[2] in order to discover what they have revealed about themselves. While theology has turned into a secular field, religious adherents still consider theology...

Binitarianism

What Is Binitarianism? Binitarianism is a Christian theology of two persons, personas, or aspects in one substance/Divinity (or God). Classically, binitarianism is understood as a form of monotheism—that is, that God is absolutely one being—and yet with binitarianism there is a “twoness” in God, which means one God family. The other common forms of monotheism...

Open Theism

Open Theism Open theism, also known as openness theology and free will theism,[1] is a theological movement that has developed within evangelical and post-evangelical Protestant Christianity as a response to ideas related to the synthesis of Greek philosophy and Christian theology. It is typically advanced as a biblically motivated and philosophically consistent theology of human and divine freedom (in the libertarian sense), with an emphasis on...

Son of God in Christianity

Son of God in Christianity The terms “son of God” and “son of the LORD” are found in several passages of the Old Testament. In Christianity, the title Son of God refers to the status of Jesus as the divine son of God the Father. It derives from several uses in the New Testament and early Christian theology. In mainstream Christianity,...

The Trinity

Trinity

What Is Trinity? The Christian doctrine of the Trinity (Trinitas, ‘triad’, from Latin: trinus “threefold”)[1] holds that God is one God, but three coeternal consubstantial persons[2] or hypostases[3]—the Father, the Son (Jesus Christ), and the Holy Spirit—as “one God in three Divine Persons”. The three Persons are distinct, yet are one “substance, essence or nature” (homoousios).[4] In...

God the Son

God the Son God the Son (Θεός ὁ υἱός) is the second person of the Trinity in Christian theology. The doctrine of the Trinity identifies Jesus as the incarnation of God, united in essence (consubstantial) but distinct in person with regard to God the Father and God the Holy Spirit...

Love of Christ

Love of Christ The love of Christ is a central element of Christian belief and theology.[1] It refers to the love of Jesus Christ for humanity, the love of Christians for Christ, and the love of Christians for others.[2] These aspects are distinct in Christian teachings—the love for Christ is a reflection of his love for his followers.[3]   The...

Christian Eschatology

Christian Eschatology Christian eschatology is a major branch of study within Christian theology dealing with the “last things.” Eschatology, from two Greek words meaning “last” (ἔσχατος) and “study” (-λογία), is the study of ‘end things’, whether the end of an individual life, the end of the age, the end of...

Resurrection of Jesus

Resurrection of Jesus The resurrection of Jesus or resurrection of Christ is a central doctrine in Christianity. According to the New Testament, after being crucified by the Roman authorities and buried by Joseph of Arimathea, Jesus was raised from the dead by God and appeared to witnesses before ascending into heaven to sit at the right hand of God. Christians celebrate the resurrection...

Crucifixion of Jesus

Crucifixion of Jesus The crucifixion of Jesus occurred in 1st-century Judea, most likely between AD 30 and 33. Jesus’ crucifixion is described in the four canonical gospels, referred to in the New Testament epistles, attested to by other ancient sources, and is established as a historical event confirmed by non-Christian sources,[1] although there is no consensus among historians...

Immaculate Conception

Immaculate Conception In Christian theology, the Immaculate Conception is the conception of the Virgin Mary free from original sin by virtue of the merits of her son Jesus. The Catholic Church teaches that God acted upon Mary in the first moment of her conception, keeping her “immaculate”.[1][2] The Immaculate Conception is commonly confused with the virgin birth of Jesus, the latter...

What Is Original Sin?

Original Sin Original sin, also called ancestral sin,[1] is a Christian belief in the state of sin in which humanity has existed since the fall of man, stemming from Adam and Eve’s rebellion in Eden, namely the sin of disobedience in consuming the forbidden fruit from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.[2] This condition has been characterized in...

Original Sin And Blood Atonement

Original Sin And Blood Atonement We stated above that the original sin was imported into Christianity by Saul, while James and Jesus himself insisted upon actions and the law. Contrarily to what Jesus taught, the corrupted Christianity declares that by disobeying God’s order not to eat of the forbidden fruit...

Hamartiology

What Is Hamartiology? Hamartiology  is the branch of Christian theology which aims to develop and articulate a doctrine of the biblical concept of sin. Substantial branches of hamartiological understanding subscribe to the doctrine of original sin, which the Apostle Paul is claimed to have espoused in Romans 5:12-19 and which...

Names And Titles Of Jesus In The New Testament

Names and Titles of Jesus in The New Testament Two names and a variety of titles are used to refer to Jesus in the New Testament.[1] In Christianity, the two names Jesus and Emmanuel that refer to Jesus in the New Testament have salvific attributes.[2][3][4] After the Crucifixion of Jesus the early Church did not simply repeat his messages, but focused on...

Is Jesus Responsible For Our Sins?

Is Jesus Responsible For Our Sins? Humans are born without (original sin of man) according to the Bible: (Deuteronomy 24:16): “The father shall not be put to death for the children, neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every man shall be put to death for his...

Genesis Creation Narrative

Genesis Creation Narrative The Genesis creation narrative is the creation myth of both Judaism and Christianity.[1] The narrative is made up of two stories, roughly equivalent to the first two chapters of the Book of Genesis. In the first, Elohim (the Hebrew generic word for God) creates the heavens and the Earth in six days,...

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