Islamic Meditation

Islamic Meditation Meditation and mindfulness are often associated with several eastern traditions such as Buddhism and Yoga, yet few know the essential position of meditative spiritual practice within Islam. In this seven week course, wSufis, Tasbih, تسبيح, Misbaha, مِسْبَحَة, Ahadith, dua, prayer beads, Meditative quiescence, khushoo, muraqaba, Tafakkur, tadabbur,Sufisme will learn...

Dhikr

What Is Dhikr? Dhikr (also Zikr, Zekr, Zikir, Jikir, and variants; ذِكْر‎, ḏikr, plural أذكار aḏkār, meaning “mentioning”) are devotional acts in Islam in which short phrases or prayers are repeatedly recited silently within the mind or aloud. It can be counted on a set of prayer beads (Misbaha, مِسْبَحَة) or through fingers of the hand. A person who recites the...

Criticism of Hadith

What Is Criticism of Hadith? The criticism of Hadith refers to the critique directed towards collections of ahadith, i.e. the collections of reports of the words, actions, and the silent approval of the Islamic prophet Muhammad on any matter. The criticism revolves primarily around the authenticity of hadith reports and whether they are attributable to Muhammad, as well as...

Mahdi

What is Mahdi? The Mahdi (ٱلْـمَـهْـدِي‎, al-mahdī, meaning “the guided one”) is an eschatological redeemer of Islam who, according to some Islamic traditions, will appear and rule for five, seven, nine or nineteen years (according to differing interpretations)[1][2] before the Day of Judgment (yawm al-qiyamah, also known as “the Day of Resurrection”)[3] and rid the world of evil.[4]...

History Of Hadith

History Of Hadith Traditions regarding the life of Muhammad and the early history of Islam were passed down both orally and written for more than a hundred years after the death of Muhammad in 632. According to Muslims, the collection of hadith or sayings by or about the prophet Muhammad...

Hadith Studies

Hadith studies This article is about the religious science of the study and evaluation of the Islamic hadith. Hadith studies (علم الحديث‎ ʻilm al-ḥadīth “science of hadith”, also science of hadith, or science of hadith criticism)[1] consist of several religious disciplines used in the study and evaluation of the Islamic hadith — i.e. the record of the words,...

Hadith Terminology

What Is Hadith Terminology? Hadith terminology (مُصْطَلَحُ الحَدِيْث‎, muṣṭalaḥ al-ḥadīth) is the body of terminology in Islam which specifies the acceptability of the sayings (hadith) attributed to the Prophet Muhammad by other early Islamic figures of significance, such as Muhammad’s family and/or successors. Individual terms distinguish between those hadith considered rightfully attributed to their source or detail the...

Categories Of Hadith

Hadith Categories Different categories of hadith (sayings attributed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad) have been used by various scholars. Experts in the Hadith studies generally use two terms – taqrīr for tacit approvals, and khabar for sayings and acts ascribed to Muhammad. The term taqrīr implies that, in the presence of Muhammad, a believer did something,...

Hadith

What Is Hadith? Ḥadīth (“Traditions”) in Islam are the record of the words, actions, and the silent approval, of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Within Islam the authority of Ḥadīth as a source for religious law and moral guidance ranks second only to that of the Qur’an (which Muslims hold to...

Biographical Evaluation

Biographical Evaluation of Hadith Narrators Biographical evaluation (عِلْمُ الرِّجال‎, Ilm al-Rijāl), literally meaning ‘Knowledge of Men’ but more commonly understood as the Science of Narration, refers to a discipline of Islamic religious studies within hadith terminology in which the narrators of hadith are evaluated. Its goal is to distinguish authentic and reliable hadiths from...

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