Creation or Evolution

Creationism is the religious belief that the universe and life originated “from specific acts of divine creation”, as opposed to the scientific conclusion that they came about through natural processes.

Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations. These characteristics are the expressions of genes that are passed on from parent to offspring during reproduction

Spiritual Evolution

Spiritual Evolution Spiritual evolution is the philosophical, theological, esoteric or spiritual idea that nature and human beings and/or human culture evolve: either extending from an established cosmological pattern (ascent), or in accordance with certain pre-established potentials. The phrase “spiritual evolution” can occur in the context of “higher evolution“, a term...

Tzimtzum

What Is Tzimtzum? The tzimtzum or tsimtsum (צמצום ṣimṣūm “contraction, constriction, condensation”) is a term used in the Lurianic Kabbalah to explain Isaac Luria’s doctrine that God began the process of creation by “contracting” his Ohr Ein Sof (infinite) light in order to allow for a “conceptual space” in which finite and seemingly independent...

What Is “Ex Nihilo”?

What Is “Ex Nihilo”? Ex nihilo is a Latin phrase meaning “out of nothing”. It often appears in conjunction with the concept of creation, as in creatio ex nihilo, meaning “creation out of nothing”, chiefly in philosophical or theological contexts, but it also occurs in other fields. In theology, the common phrase creatio ex nihilo (lit. ”creation out of nothing”), contrasts...

Intelligent Designer

Intelligent Designer An intelligent designer, also referred to as an intelligent agent, is the hypothetical willed and self-aware entity that the intelligent design movement argues had some role in the origin and/or development of life. The term “intelligent cause” is also used, implying their teleological supposition of direction and purpose in features of the universe and of living things. History The popularly...

Why Did He Not Create Universe Sooner?

Why Did He Not Create Universe Sooner? What does mean by ‘sooner’? If one wishes to say ‘sooner’ in the period of eternity before the creation of time, then the word ‘sooner’ has no meaning. Any span of time, whether 100 billion or 1000 billion years, has no meaning in...

Creator Deity

Creator Deity A creator deity or creator god (often called the Creator) is a deity or god responsible for the creation of the Earth, world, and universe in human religion and mythology. In monotheism, the single God is often also the creator. A number of monolatristic traditions separate a secondary creator from a primary transcendent being, identified as a primary creator.[1] Monotheism Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Sikhism, and Atenism teach that creation is the...

Perfection In Creation Points To One Who Is Perfect

Perfection In Creation Points To One Who Is Perfect The perfect design and adornments of a perfect palace show behind them the perfection of a master builder’s acts. The perfection of the acts shows the perfection of that eminent builder’s titles, which specify his rank. The perfection of the titles...

Is Divine Unity Necessity Of Creation?

Is Divine Unity Necessity Of Creation? You have said in many places that there is infinite facility in Divine Unity and endless difficulties in multiplicity and associating partners with God; that there is such ease in Divine Unity that it becomes necessary and such difficulty in associating partners with God...

Divine Teaching And Directing

Divine Teaching And Directing For man to direct himself in life and distinguish between what is good or bad for him needs a minimum of around fifteen years. However, many animals can do this very soon after they come into the world. A duckling, for example, can swim as soon...

Why Did God Create The Universe?

Why Did God Create the Universe? When analyzing this issue, some facts must be kept in mind. While we perceive things from a human perspective, God does not. While we act out of necessity or desire, God does not. In other words, we cannot ascribe human attributes and motivations to...

Theistic Evolution

What Is Theistic Evolution? Theistic evolution, theistic evolutionism, evolutionary creationism, divine direction, or God-guided evolution are views that regard religious teachings about God as compatible with modern scientific understanding about biological evolution. Theistic evolution is not in itself a scientific theory, but a range of views about how the science of general evolution relates to religious...

Natural Selection

What Is Natural Selection? Natural selection is the differential survival and reproduction of individuals due to differences in phenotype. It is a key mechanism of evolution, the change in the heritable traitscharacteristic of a population over generations. Charles Darwin popularised the term “natural selection”, contrasting it with artificial selection, which in his view is intentional, whereas natural selection is not....

Modern Evolutionary Synthesis

Modern Evolutionary Synthesis The modern evolutionary synthesis is a union of ideas from several biological specialties which provides a widely accepted account of evolution. It is also referred to as the new synthesis, the modern synthesis, the evolutionary synthesis, millennium synthesis and the neo-Darwinian synthesis. The synthesis, produced between 1936...

Jewish Views on Evolution

Jewish Views on Evolution Jewish views on evolution includes a continuum of views about the theory of evolution, experimental evolution, the origin of life, age of the universe, evolutionary creationism, and theistic evolution. Today, many Jews accept the theory of evolution and do not see it as incompatible with traditional Judaism, reflecting the emphasis of prominent...

Islamic Views on Evolution

What Is The Islamic Views on Evolution? Islamic views on evolution are diverse, ranging from theistic evolution to Old Earth creationism.[1] Some Muslims around the world believe “humans and other living things have evolved over time,” yet some others believe they have “always existed in present form.”[2] Muslim thinkers have proposed and accepted elements of the...

History of Evolutionary Thought

History of Evolutionary Thought Evolutionary thought, the conception that species change over time, has roots in antiquity – in the ideas of the ancient Greeks, Romans, and Chinese as well as in medieval Islamic science. With the beginnings of modern biological taxonomy in the late 17th century, two opposed ideas influenced Western biological thinking: essentialism, the belief that every species has essential characteristics...

Hindu Views on Evolution

Hindu Views on Evolution Hinduism includes a range of viewpoints about the origin of life, creationism and evolution. There is no single story of creation, due to dynamic diversity of Hinduism, and these are derived from various sources like Vedas, some from the Brahmanas, some from Puranas; some are philosophical,...

Evolution

Evolution

What Is Evolution? The scientific theory of evolution by natural selection was proposed by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace in the mid-19th century and was set out in detail in Darwin’s book On the Origin of Species (1859).[6]Evolution by natural selection was first demonstrated by the observation that more offspring are often produced than can possibly...

Evolution as Fact and Theory

Evolution as Fact and Theory Many scientists and philosophers of science have described evolution as fact and theory, a phrase which was used as the title of an article by paleontologist Stephen Jay Gould in 1981. He describes fact in science as meaning data, not absolute certainty but “confirmed to such a degree that it would be perverse to withhold...

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