Stars rotating in the night sky

Cosmos

Cosmos The cosmos is the Universe. Using the word cosmos rather than the word universe implies viewing the universe as a complex and orderly system or entity; the opposite of chaos. The cosmos, and our understanding of the reasons for its existence and significance, are studied in cosmology – a very broad discipline covering any scientific, religious, or philosophical contemplation...

Human Evolution

Outline of The Creation–Evolution Controversy

Outline of The Creation–Evolution Controversy The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the creation–evolution controversy. Essence Main article: Creation–Evolution Controversy Creationism, and more specifically: Creation science, Intelligent design, Neo-creationism, Geocentric model, Old Earth (Gap creationism, Day-age creationism, and Progressive creationism) and Young Earth creationism Evolution, and...

Noah's flood story

Rejection of Evolution by Religious Groups

Rejection of Evolution by Religious Groups The rejection of evolution by religious groups (also termed the creation vs. evolution debate or the origins debate) involves an ongoing, recurring cultural, political, and theological dispute about the origins of the Earth, of humanity, and of other life. In accordance with creationism, species were once widely believed to be fixed products...

A Belgian Blue cow. The defect in the breed's myostatin gene is maintained through linebreeding and is responsible for its accelerated lean muscle growth.

Selective Breeding

Selective Breeding Selective breeding (also called artificial selection) is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits (characteristics) by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together. Domesticated animals are known as breeds, normally bred by a professional breeder, while domesticated plants are known as varieties, cultigens, cultivars, or breeds. Two purebred...

Creationism

Level of Support for Evolution

Level of Support for Evolution The level of support for evolution among scientists, the public, and other groups is a topic that frequently arises in the creation–evolution controversy, and touches on educational, religious, philosophical, scientific, and political issues. The subject is especially contentious in countries where significant levels of non-acceptance of evolution by...

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Criticism of Evolutionary Psychology

Criticism of Evolutionary Psychology Evolutionary psychology has generated significant controversy and criticism. The criticism includes: disputes about the testability of evolutionary hypotheses, alternatives to some of the cognitive assumptions (such as massive modularity) frequently employed in evolutionary psychology, alleged vagueness stemming from evolutionary assumptions (such as uncertainty about the environment of...

Evolution and Religion

Theology of Creationism and Evolution

Theology of Creationism and Evolution The theology of creation and evolution is theology that deals with issues concerning the universe, the life, and especially man, in terms of creation or evolution. Creationism Creationism is the religious belief that the universe and life originated “from specific acts of divine creation“, as opposed to the scientific conclusion that they came about through natural processes such as evolution. Churches address the theological implications...

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Conscious Evolution

Conscious Evolution Conscious evolution refers to the theoretical ability of human beings to be conscious participants in the evolution of their cultures, or even of the entirety of human society, based on a relatively recent combination of factors, including increasing awareness of cultural and social patterns, reaction against perceived problems with...

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Applications of Evolution

Applications of Evolution Applications of evolution can be seen in different fields of science ranging from regular science to social science such as genetics, ecology, ethics, and physiology. Evolutionary biology, in particular the understanding of how organisms evolve through natural selection, is an area of science with many practical applications....

Evolution

Outline of Evolution

Outline of Evolution Evolution – change in heritable traits of biological organisms over generations due to natural selection, mutation, gene flow, and genetic drift. Also known as descent with modification. Over time these evolutionary processes lead to formation of new species (speciation), changes within lineages (anagenesis), and loss of species (extinction). “Evolution” is also another name for evolutionary biology, the...

science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.

Einstein’s Science and Religion

Einstein’s Science and Religion Section I During the last century, and part of the one before, it was widely held that there was an unreconcilable conflict between knowledge and belief. The opinion prevailed among advanced minds that it was time that belief should be replaced increasingly by knowledge; belief that...

Razor

Occam’s Razor

Occam’s Razor Occam’s razor, Ockham’s razor, Ocham’s razor, or law of parsimony is the problem-solving principle that “entities should not be multiplied without necessity”, or more simply, the simplest explanation is usually the right one. The idea is attributed to English Franciscan friar William of Ockham (c. 1287–1347), a scholastic philosopher and theologian who used a preference for simplicity to defend the idea...

Good vs. Evil

Good and Evil

Good and Evil In religion, ethics, philosophy, and psychology “good and evil” is a very common dichotomy. In cultures with Manichaean and Abrahamic religious influence, evil is usually perceived as the dualistic antagonistic opposite of good, in which good should prevail and evil should be defeated. In cultures with Buddhist spiritual influence, both good and evil are...

Rumi quote

Religious Philosophy

Religious Philosophy Religious philosophy is philosophical thinking that is influences and directed as a consequence to teachings from a particular religion. It can be done objectively, but may also be done as a persuasion tool by believers in that faith. Religious philosophy is predominantly concerned with the concept of god, gods, and/or the divine....

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Holy

Holy The word Holy (from Old English: hālig meaning “wholeness”) denotes the presence of sacredness in an object, being, person, place or idea. It can also indicates an experience of numinosity, (from the adjective numenous “all-inspiring” or embued with sacredness). Alternatively, it refer to items set aside for divine liturgies. Holiness, or the state of being holy is...

Truth always comes out

Religious Views On Truth

Religious Views On Truth Religious views on truth vary between religions. Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or standard. Abrahamic religions Christianity See also: John 18:38, Intuitive truth, and Christian views on lying Christian philosopher William Lane Craig notes that the Bible typically uses...

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Blasphemy

Blasphemy Blasphemy is the act of insulting or showing contempt or lack of reverence to a deity, or sacred objects, or toward something considered sacred or inviolable. Some religions consider blasphemy to be a religious crime. As of 2012, anti-blasphemy laws existed in 32 countries, while 87 nations had hate speech laws that covered defamation of religion and...

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Religious Festival

Religious Festival A religious festival is a time of special importance marked by adherents to that religion. Religious festivals are commonly celebrated on recurring cycles in a calendar year or lunar calendar. By religion Ancient Roman Main article: Roman festivals Festivals (feriae) were an important part of Roman religious life during both the Republican and Imperial eras, and were one of the primary...

Ancient excavated Buddha-image at the Mahaparinirvana Temple, Kushinagar

Pilgrimage

Pilgrimage A pilgrimage is a journey, often into an unknown or foreign place, where a person goes in search of new or expanded meaning about their self, others, nature, or a higher good, through the experience. It can lead to a personal transformation, after which the pilgrim returns to their daily life....

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List Of Forms Of Worship

List Of Forms Of Worship This list of 60 words refers to forms of worship – not specific religions or belief systems, but rather terms that denote a specific object of worship, be it saints, snakes or whatever. Related word lists you might want to check out are those for philosophical...