Criticism of the Quran

Criticism of the Quran The Quran is viewed to be the scriptural foundation of Islam and is believed by Muslims to have been revealed to Muhammad by the angel Gabriel. Criticism of the Quran has frequently occurred since western scholarship has looked to decipher, understand and verify the claims of Islamic thought as stated in the Quran....

Sources for The Quran

Sources for The Quran Scholars have been able to point out several pre-existing sources for the Quran. Some scholars have calculated that one third of the Quran has pre-Islamic Christian origins.[1] The most famous pre-Islamic source for the Quran is the Bible, which predates the Quran by several centuries. Quran contains references to...

The Qur’an

The Qur’an In accordance with humanity’s worth and value, and considering the human heart, spirit, mind, and physical being, the Qur’an descended from the Highest of the High. Containing the most perfect messages, it is a collection of Divine Laws. Followed today by more than one billion people, the Qur’an...

Is The Holy Book Word Of God?

Is The Holy Book (The Quran) Word Of God? The Holy Book is completely different from all the other books in the world 1. When we study the Holy Book even superficially from the viewpoint of its wording, styles, and meaning, we will certainly conclude that it is completely different...

Islam’s The Holy Qur’an

Islam’s The Holy Qur’an If We had sent down this Qur’an on a mountain, surely you would have seen it humbled, rent asunder by fear of God. Such comparisons do We coin for people that perhaps they may reflect. (59:21) The Qur’an is the Divine Word or Speech sent down...

Historical Reliability of The Quran

What Is Historical Reliability of The Quran? Historical reliability of the Quran concerns the question of the historicity of the described or claimed events in the Quran. Muslims have generally disapproved of the historical criticism of the Quran[1]. In the Muslim world, scholarly criticism of the Quran can be considered an apostasy and can be punished by death.[2] Scholarly criticism of the Quran,...

Surah

What Is Surah? A Surah (سورة‎ sūrah, سور suwar) is the term for a chapter of the Quran. There are 114 surahs in the Quran, 86 are classified as Makki, while 28 are Madini. each divided into verses (āyāt).[2] The chapters or surahs are of unequal length; the shortest chapter (Al-Kawthar) has only three...

Ayah

What Is Ayah? In the Islamic Quran, an Āyah (آية‎; آيات āyāt) is a “verse,” one of the statements of varying length that make up the chapters (surah) of the Quran and are marked by a number. The word means “evidence,” “sign” or “miracle,” and in Islam may refer to things other than...

I’jaz

What Is I’jaz? In Islam, i’jaz or inimitability of the Qur’an is the doctrine which holds that the Qur’an has a miraculous quality, both in content and in form, that no human speech can match.[1] According to this doctrine the Qur’an is a miracle and its inimitability is the proof granted to Muhammad in authentication of his prophetic status. It serves the...

Folio from a Qur'an Manuscript

Early Quranic Manuscripts

Early Quranic Manuscripts In Muslim tradition, the text of the Quran is traditionally said to have been united into its extant form during the reign of the third caliph Uthman (r. 644–656). According to Corpus Coranicum, a research organisation funded by the Government of Germany, more than 60 fragments including more than 2000 folios (4000...

English Translations of The Quran

English Translations of The Quran The Quran has been translated into English many times. The first few translations were made in the 17th and 19th centuries, but the majority were produced in the 20th. Early translations The Alcoran, Translated out of Arabic into French. By the Andrew du Ryer, Lord...

Birmingham Quran Manuscript

Birmingham Quran Manuscript The Birmingham Quran manuscript is a parchment on which two leaves of an early Quranic manuscript are written. In 2015 the manuscript, which is held by the University of Birmingham,[1] was radiocarbon dated to between 568 and 645 CE (in the Islamic calendar, between 56 BH and 25 AH).[2][3] It is part of the Mingana Collection of Middle Eastern manuscripts, held by...

Sanaʽa Manuscript

What Is Sanaʽa Manuscript? The Sana’a palimpsest (also Ṣanʿā’ 1 or DAM 01-27.1) is one of the oldest Quranic manuscripts in existence.[1] Part of a sizable cache of Quranic and non-Quranic fragments discovered in Yemen during a 1972 restoration of the Great Mosque of Sana’a, the manuscript was identified as a palimpsest Quran in 1981; as it is written on parchment and comprises...

Chronological Order of The Quran

Chronological Order of The Quran The Qur’an is not in chronological order, but arranged roughly longest surah (chapter) to the shortest. The following lists the chronological (or revelational) order of the Qur’an. Chronological Order Surah Name Number of Verses Location of Revelation Traditional Order 1 Al-Alaq 19 Mecca 96 2 Al-Qalam 52 Mecca 68...

Prophets in the Quran

Prophets in the Quran In Islam, every prophet preached the same core beliefs, the Oneness of God, worshipping of that one God, avoidance of idolatry and sin, and the belief in the Day of Resurrection or the Day of Judgement and life after death. Prophets and messengers are believed to have been sent by God to different communities...

Best Prayers from the Glorious Quran

Best Prayers from the Glorious Quran The Quran is an eternal translation of the great book of the universe and the everlasting translator of the various ‘languages’ in which Divine laws of the creation and operation of the universe are ‘inscribed’; the interpreter of the books of the visible, material...

The Holy Quran

History of The Quran

History of The Quran The history of Quran refers to the oral revelation of the Quran to Islamic prophet Muhammad and its subsequent written compilation into a manuscript. It spans several decades and forms an important part of early Islamic history. According to Muslim belief and Islamic scholarly accounts, the revelation of the Quran began in 610...

Muhammad’s First Revelation

Muhammad’s First Revelation Muhammad’s revelation was an event described in Islam as taking place in 610 AD, during which the Islamic prophet, Muhammad was visited by the archangel Jibrīl, who revealed to him the beginnings of what would later become the Quran. The event took place in a cave called Hira, located on the mountain Jabal an-Nour, near Mecca. According...

Wahy

Wahy Waḥy (وحي‎) is the Arabic word for revelation or inspiration. In Islamic belief, revelations are God’s Word delivered by his chosen individuals – known as Messenger prophets – to mankind.[1] In Islam, the Quran is considered a wahy given to the Islamic prophet, Muhammad. The word awha (أوحى awḥá) occurs in a number of shades of meaning in the Quran, each of...

sex

Human Reproduction in The Qur’an

Human Reproduction in The Qur’an From the moment ancient human writings enter into detail (however slight) on the subject of reproduction, they inevitably make statements that are inaccurate. In the Middle Ages-and even in more recent time-reproduction was surrounded by all sorts of myths and superstitions. How could it have...

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