Afro-American Religion

Afro-American religion (also known as African diasporic religions) are a number of related religions that developed in the Americas in various nations of Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southern United States. They derive from traditional African religions with some influence from other religious traditions, notably Christianity.


Afro-American religions involve veneration of the dead, and include a creator deity along with a pantheon of divine spirits such as the Orisha, Loa, Nkisi, and Alusi, among others. In addition to the religious syncretism of these various African traditions, many also incorporate elements of Folk CatholicismNative American religion, Spiritism, Spiritualism, and European folklore.

Example of Louisiana Voodoo altar inside a temple in New Orleans.

Example of Louisiana Voodoo altar inside a temple in New Orleans.

List of religions and spiritual traditions


  • Batuque
  • Candomblé
    • Candomblé Bantu
    • Candomblé Jejé
    • Candomblé Ketu
  • Catimbó
  • Macumba
  • Quimbanda
  • Santo Daime
  • Tambor de Mina
  • Umbanda
  • Xangô de Recife (Yoruba religion, Brazil)


  • Abakuá
  • Arará religion
  • Cuban Vodú
  • Palo
  • Santería
Dominican Republic

  • Dominican Vudú


  • Comfa


  • Haitian Vodou


  • Convince
  • Jamaican Maroon religion
    • Kromanti dance
  • Kumina
  • Myal
  • Obeah
  • Rastafari
    • Bobo Ashanti
    • Nyabinghi
    • Twelve Tribes of Israel

  • Montamentu

Puerto Rico

  • Sansé Espiritismo

Saint Lucia

  • Kélé


  • Winti

Trinidad and Tobago

  • Spiritual Baptist
  • Trinidad Orisha

United States

  • Hoodoo
  • Louisiana Voodoo

Other closely related regional faiths



  • Espiritismo (mixture of Indigenous American, African, European, and Asian beliefs, Puerto Rico)
  • Hoodoo (mixture of West/Central African, Indigenous American, and European traditions, Mississippi Delta)
  • Kélé (derived from Yoruba religion, St. Lucia)
  • Puerto Rican Vudú or Sanse (Dahomean religion, Puerto Rico)
  • Rastafarianism, Jamaica
  • Santo Daime (folk Catholicism and Spiritism, Brazil)
  • Tambor de Mina (mixture of Dahomean religion, Yoruba Religion, Indigenous American, and European traditions, Maranhão, Brazil)
  • Quimbois (African folk beliefs mixed with Christianity, from Martinique).
  • Xangô de Recife (Yoruba religion, Brazil)
  • Xangô do Nordeste (Yoruba religion, Brazil)

See also

Adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

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