Value Pluralism

The word ‘pluralism’ generally refers to the view that there are many of the things in question (concepts, scientific world views, discourses, viewpoints etc.) The issues arising from there being many differ widely from subject area to subject area. This entry is concerned with moral pluralism—the view that there are many different moral values. Continue reading “Value Pluralism”


The term “toleration” — from the Latin tolerare: to put up with, countenance or suffer —generally refers to the conditional acceptance of or non-interference with beliefs, actions or practices that one considers to be wrong but still “tolerable,” such that they should not be prohibited or constrained.

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As a nation we are experiencing an intense fervor of recovery and revival. If a wind of opposition does not hinder us, the coming years will be our “years of becoming.” However, there are differ­ences in methods of recovery and revival. Continue reading “Tolerance”

Religious Toleration

Toleration in general signifies patient forbearance in the presence of an evil which one is unable or unwilling to prevent. By religious toleration is understood the magnanimous indulgence which one shows towards a religion other than his own, accompanied by the moral determination to leave it and its adherents unmolested in private and public, although internally one views it with complete disapproval as a “false faith“. Continue reading “Religious Toleration”

Religious Diversity (Pluralism)

With respect to many, if not most issues, there exist significant differences of opinion among individuals who seem to be equally knowledgeable and sincere. Individuals who apparently have access to the same information and are equally interested in the truth affirm incompatible perspectives on, for instance, significant social, political, and economic issues. Such diversity of opinion, though, is nowhere more evident than in the area of religious thought. On almost every religious issue, honest, knowledgeable people hold significantly diverse, often incompatible beliefs. Continue reading “Religious Diversity (Pluralism)”

Human Rights

Human rights are international norms that help to protect all people everywhere from severe political, legal, and social abuses. Examples of human rights are the right to freedom of religion, the right to a fair trial when charged with a crime, the right not to be tortured, and the right to engage in political activity. These rights exist in morality and in law at the national and international levels. Continue reading “Human Rights”

History of Toleration

In any attempt to deal historically with the attitude of the Church towards religious toleration two considerations have throughout to be kept in mind. In the first place, nearly all ecclesiastical legislation in regard to the repression of heresy proceeds upon the assumption that heretics are in wilful revolt against lawful authority, that they are, in fact, apostates who by their own culpable act have renounced the true faith into which they were baptized, breaking the engagements made by them, or by sponsors in their name, when they became members of the Church of Christ. Continue reading “History of Toleration”

Without Hands Against Those Who Strike You, Without Speech Against Those Who Curse You

From the day the Journalists and Writers Foundation was estab­lished until now—even if things have not always been as we would have wished—we can say that the Foundation has always organized important activities. But somehow I have never fully been able to participate in any of them. For this reason, I cannot claim a share in their success. Continue reading “Without Hands Against Those Who Strike You, Without Speech Against Those Who Curse You”