The Virtue of Justice

Justice is the virtue that perfects the will. It is defined as the constant and perpetual will to render each person his due.

There are three different kinds of justice that correspond to the three basic relations that form the structure of life within society. Corresponding to each relation is a certain type of debt. First, there is a relation of one individual to another, and it is commutative justice that bears upon this relation. Secondly, there is a relation between the individual person and the social whole. Continue reading “The Virtue of Justice”

Justice as a Virtue

When we speak of justice as a virtue, we are usually referring to a trait of individuals, even if we conceive the justice of individuals as having some (grounding) reference to social justice. But Rawls and others regard justice as “the first virtue of social institutions”(1971, p. 3), so “justice as a virtue” is actually ambiguous as between individual and social applications. This essay will reflect and explore that ambiguity, though the principal focus will understandably be on the justice of individuals. Continue reading “Justice as a Virtue”